Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #305--September 22, 2005

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Reports and articles:

1. _MMWR_ ARTICLES:

A. "Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Persons Aged 50--64 Years Enrolled in Commercial Managed Health-Care Plans --- United States, 2003--04 and 2004--05 Influenza Seasons," (US Centers for Disease Control,_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 37, September 23,2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 921-923).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5437a2.htm

.pdf:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5437.pdf

B. "QuickStats: Percentage of Nursing Home Residents Aged >65 Years Who Received Pneumococcal Vaccinations --- United States, 1995, 1997, and 1999" (US Centers for Disease Control, _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_ Vol. 54, No. 36, Sep. 16, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 904).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5436a5.htm

.pdf:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5436.pdf
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2. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION REPORTS:

A. "Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Africa, 2005" (Office of Policy, September 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/ssptw/2004-2005/africa/index.html

B. "Fast Facts & Figures About Social Security, 2005," (September 2005,
HTML and .pdf format, 37p.).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/chartbooks/fast_facts/2005/index.html

Click on "HTML" or "PDF" under "Table of Contents"
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3. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORTS:

A. "Prescription Drugs: Price Trends for Frequently Used Brand and Generic Drugs from 2000 through 2004" (GAO-05-779, August 2005, .pdf format, 24p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05779.pdf

B. "Federal Pensions: Judicial Survivors' Annuities System Costs" (GAO-05-955, September 2005, .pdf format, 18p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05955.pdf

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gaoreports/index.html
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4. US CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE REPORT: "The Risk Exposure of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation" (September 2005, .pdf format, 30p.).

http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=6646&sequence=0&from=7

Click on the PDF tab for link to full text.
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5. US CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE REPORT: "Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends," by Patrick Purcell (September 14, 2005, .pdf format, 16p.).

http://opencrs.cdt.org/rpts/RL30629_20050914.pdf
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6. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID RESEARCH PRESS RELEASE: "Medicare Premiums and Deductibles for 2006," (September 16, 2005).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1557

At the bottom of the press release, there is a link to an "Analysis of 2006 Part B Premium Rate Increase" (.pdf format, 1p.).
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7. NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NEWS RELEASES:

A. "September is National Menopause Awareness Month: NHLBI Offers Comprehensive Guidance for Women on Understanding Menopausal Hormone Therapy" (Sep. 21, 2005).

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/sep2005/nhlbi-21.htm

B. "Researchers Discover Protein Signatures for Prostate Cancer That Could Improve Diagnosis of Early Disease" (Sep. 21, 2005).

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/sep2005/nci-21a.htm
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8. ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE EDUCATION & REFERRAL CENTER PERIODICAL: _Connections_ ( US National Institute on Aging, Vol. 13, No. 1-2, 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.alzheimers.org/pubs/conv13n1-2.htm
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9. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL SERVICES OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Medicare Beneficiary Telephone Customer Service"(OEI-07-04-00030, September 2005, .pdf format, 26p.).

Abstract:

Of the callers asked to rate satisfaction, 84 percent were satisfied overall with the customer service they received. However, 44 percent of all callers had difficulty accessing information from call centers, reporting at least one of the following experiences: (1) finding the interactive voice response (IVR) not easy to use, (2) not receiving an answer to their question or all the information they needed, or (3) not receiving an answer to their question as quickly as desired. Callers and call center managers both highly prioritized accuracy of answers, yet evidence suggests oversight of accuracy may be inadequate. Some call centers conducted quality assurance activities that exceeded CMS requirements, including activities that focused on accuracy. OIG recommended that CMS: (1) strengthen current oversight to place greater emphasis on accuracy of answers given by customer service representatives, and (2) continue to seek ways to improve the national IVR system.

http://www.oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-07-04-00030.pdf
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10. AARP RESEARCH REPORT, DATA DIGEST:

A. "Support for State Prescription Drug Program: A Survey of AARP California Members," by Jennifer Sauer (September 2005, .pdf format, 23p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/health/drugs/ca_rx.html

B. "Comparing Boomers' and Their Elders' Wealth at Midlife," by John Gist (AARP Public Policy Institute _Data Digest_, September 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

Abstract:

How prepared financially for retirement is the baby boom generation compared to the previous generation? This AARP Public Policy Institute Data Digest by John Gist compares boomers in 2001 with the same age group (37-55) in 1983 in terms of income, net worth, net worth less home equity, and financial assets. All four measures (reported in 2002 dollars) show boomers doing better at midlife than their predecessors, with boomers accumulating about six times as much in financial assets, twice as much in non-housing net worth, and 20% more in total net worth. Somewhat surprisingly, median family income ($56,000 vs. $50,000) reflects the smallest improvement for boomers over their elders. Taken together, these figures suggest that the earlier generation relied much more heavily on home equity as a source of wealth than do boomers. Certain boomer subgroups (nonwhites and single women) were actually worse off in 2001 in terms of net worth than their counterparts in 1983, but better off in terms of net worth other than home equity, again suggesting differences between the two groups in terms of the share of housing in their asset portfolios.

http://www.aarp.org/research/financial/retirementsaving/dd123_wealth.html
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11. NATIONAL ALLIANCE FOR CAREGIVING REPORT: ""Young Caregivers in the U.S.," by Gail Hunt, Carol Levine, and Linda Naiditch (September 2005, .pdf format, 61p.).

http://www.caregiving.org/data/youngcaregivers.pdf

More information about NAC:

http://www.caregiving.org/about/
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12. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS RESEARCH INSTITUTE PERIODICAL: _EBRI Notes_ (Vol. 26, No. 9, September 2005, .pdf format). This issue is highlighted by an article titled: "Retirement Plan Participation: Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Data," by Craig Copeland.

http://www.ebri.org/pdf/EBRI_Notes_09-2005.pdf

Press related to the main article:

http://www.ebri.org/pdf/PR_712_21Sept05.pdf

More information about EBRI:

http://www.ebri.org/
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13. "ILCUSA REPORT: "ILC Policy Report" (International Longevity Center, USA, September 2005, .pdf format, 6p.). The ILC Policy Report is "a monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad."

http://www.ilcusa.org/_lib/pdf/sept2005.pdf
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14. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH PERIODICAL: _Bulletin on Aging and Health_ (Issue No. 12, Summer 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.nber.org/aginghealth/
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15. UNESCAP PERIODICAL ARTICLE: "A Study of Two Groups of Pensioners in Mumbai, India," by Aparajita Chattopadhyay and T.K. Roy (_Asia-Pacific Population Journal_, Vol. 20, No. 1, April 2005, .pdf format, p. 89-115).

Abstract:

This article is an attempt to observe the health condition of two groups of pensioners, namely, schoolteachers and civil servants, who belonged to two different socio-economic strata with different exposures to stress and responsibility in their pre-retirement occupation. While explaining the occupational differential in hazard rates of dying, Saxena and Kumar (1997) conducted the only study of occupational differentials in mortality of retired persons in India and found that those who had been engaged in the civil service, died faster than others. The self-regulating feedback mechanism of every human being decreases with age at a constant rate. However, this mechanism is interrupted easily by stress resulting from changes in the physical and social-economic environment. Based on the above results, we assumed that the deterioration of health would be faster among retired civil servants than retired schoolteachers. To check this hypothesis we applied life-table techniques initially to see how the health expectancies varied with age and pre-retirement occupation and then we carried out trend analysis to verify whether the rate of disease prevalence markedly differed in the pre- and post-retirement period, assuming that age (biological factors) is having the same effect on both occupational subgroups of the study population prior to and after retirement. If the impact of age on the progression of disease prevalence rate is assumed to be constant, then our result proves that it is the advent of retirement that significantly increases the rate of suffering from chronic ailments among schoolteachers.

http://www.unescap.org/esid/psis/population/journal/2005/No1/DoesRetirementAffect.pdf
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16. INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND PERIODICAL ARTICLE: "Population Aging and International Capital Flows," by Robin Brooks (_IMF Research Bulletin_, Vol. 6, No. 3, September 2005, .pdf format, p. 1-2).

http://www.imf.org/External/Pubs/FT/irb/2005/eng/03/index.pdf
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17. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASES:

A. "New scheme to protect aged care accommodation bonds" (Sep. 15, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/health-mediarel-yr2005-jb-bis134.htm

B. "Rural people have palliative care choice" (Sep. 15, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/health-mediarel-yr2005-jb-bis133.htm
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18. _PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: " Neuronal sorting protein-related receptor sorLA/LR11 regulates processing of the amyloid precursor protein," by Olav M. Andersen, Juliane Reiche, Vanessa Schmidt, Michael Gotthardt, Robert Spoelgen, Joachim Behlke, Christine A. F. von Arnim, Tilman Breiderhoff, Pernille Jansen, Xin Wu, Kelly R. Bales, Roberto Cappai, Colin L. Masters, Jorgen Gliemann, Elliott J. Mufson, Bradley T. Hyman, Steven M. Paul, Anders Nykjaer, and Thomas E. Willnow (Vol. 102, No. 38, Sep. 20, 2005, p. 13461-13466).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/102/38/13461?etoc
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19. _NATURE_ LETTERS ABSTRACT: "Accelerated ageing in mice deficient in Zmpste24 protease is linked to p53 signalling activation," by Ignacio Varela, Juan Cadinanos, Alberto M. Pendas, Ana Gutierrez-Fernandez, Alicia R. Folgueras, Luis M. Sanchez, Zhongjun Zhou, Francisco J. Rodriguez, Colin L. Stewart, Jose A. Vega, Karl Tryggvason, Jose M. P. Freije and Carlos Lopez-Otín (_Nature_,Vol. 437, No. 7058, September 22, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 564-568).

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v437/n7058/abs/nature04019.html
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20. _NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE_ BOOK REVIEW EXTRACT: _Parkinson's Disease_, edited by Manuchair Ebadi and Ronald F. Pfeiffer, reviewed by Anthony H.V. Schapira (Vol. 353, No. 12, Sep. 22, 2005, p. 1304-1305).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/353/12/1304
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21. _JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION_ SPECIAL COMMUNICATIONS ABSTRACT: "Stem Cell Research: Paths to Cancer Therapies and Regenerative Medicine," by Irving Weissman (Vol. 294, No. 11, Sep. 21, 2005, p. 1359-1366).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/294/11/1359
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22. _LANCET_ VIEWPOINT EXTRACT: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing articles. "End-of-life: the traditional Christian view," by H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr., and Iltis A. Smith (Vol. 366, No. 9490, Sep. 17, 2005).

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/section?volume=366&issue=9490&section=Viewpoint

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II. Working Papers:

23. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: Note: NBER papers are available by individual or institutional subscription only. Check your organization's library for more information.

A. "The Aggregate Effects of Health Insurance: Evidence from the Introduction of Medicare," by Amy Finkelstein (Working Paper No. w11619, September 2005, .pdf format, 48p.).

Abstract:

This paper investigates the effects of market-wide changes in health insurance by examining the single largest change in health insurance coverage in American history: the introduction of Medicare in 1965. I estimate that the impact of Medicare on hospital spending is substantially larger than what the existing evidence from individual-level changes in health insurance would have predicted. Consistent with a disproportionately larger impact of aggregate changes in health insurance, the evidence suggests that the introduction of Medicare altered the practice of medicine. For example, I find that the introduction of Medicare is associated with an increase in the rate of adoption of then-new medical technologies. A back of the envelope calculation based on the estimated impact of Medicare suggests that the overall spread of health insurance between 1950 and 1990 may be able to explain at least forty percent of the increase in real per capita health spending over this time period.

http://www.nber.org/papers/W11619

B. "Does Social Security Privatization Produce Efficiency Gains?," by Shinichi Nishiyama and Kent Smetters (Working Paper No. w11622, September 2005, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

While privatizing Social Security can improve labor supply incentives, it can also reduce risk sharing when households face uninsurable risks. We simulate a stylized 50-percent privatization using an overlapping-generations model where heterogenous agents with elastic labor supply face idiosyncratic earnings shocks and longevity uncertainty. When wage shocks are insurable, privatization produces about $21,900 of new resources for each future household (growth adjusted over time) after all households have been fully compensated for their possible transitional losses. However, when wages are not insurable, privatization reduces efficiency by about $5,600 per future household despite improved labor supply incentives. We check the robustness of these results to different model specifications and arrive at several surprising conclusions. First, privatization actually performs relatively better in a closed economy, where interest rates decline with capital accumulation, than in an open economy where capital can be accumulated without reducing interest rates. Second, privatization also performs relatively better when an actuarially-fair private annuity market does not exist than when it does exist. Third, introducing progressivity into the privatized system to restore risk sharing must be done carefully. In particular, having the government match private contributions on a progressive basis is not very effective at restoring risk sharing -- too much matching actually harms efficiency. However, increasing the progressivity of the remaining traditional system is very effective at restoring risk sharing, thereby allowing partial privatization to produce efficiency gains of $2,700 per future household.

http://www.nber.org/papers/W11622
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24. INSTITUTE FOR BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE POPULATION AGING CENTER (UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO-BOULDER):

A. "Caring and Contributing: The Role of Older Women in Multigenerational Households in the Hiv/Aids Era," by Enid Schatz and Catherine Ogunmefun (PAC2005-03, 2005, 23p.).

Abstract:

This paper explores the coping strategies of households in rural South Africa, where HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality are having profound effects on household resources. The paper focuses specifically on the potentially crucial role older women's pensions play in multi-generational households both during crises (e.g. HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality) and day-to-day subsistence. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 60 women between the ages of 60-75. Half of the respondents are South African born, and thus eligible for the South African non-contributory pension; the other half are self-settled Mozambican refugees, who officially were ineligible for the pension until recently. The qualitative fieldwork took place in the Agincourt Health and Demographic Surveillance System field site, which provides access to rich annual longitudinal quantitative data on all area households. By combining the data sources, the project produces a rich picture of the importance of older women and their pensions to households.

http://www.colorado.edu/ibs/pubs/pop/pop2005-0004.pdf

B. "Who Receives Healthcare? Age and Sex Differentials in Adult Use of Healthcare Services in Rural Bangladesh," by J. T. Young, Jane Menken, Jill Williams, Nizam Khan, Randall S. Kuhn (PAC2005-002, June 2005, .pdf format, 33p.).

Abstract:

Use of healthcare services may vary according to the cultural, social, economic and demographic situation of the person who may need care. In certain contexts, it particularly varies with age and sex of the potential user. Bangladesh is a less developed, primarily rural and Muslim traditional society with a pluralistic healthcare system. This paper endeavors to delineate the age, sex and other factors associated with going for healthcare in this pluralistic system. This paper uses the Matlab Health and Socioeconomic Survey and logistic regression to ask whether factors commonly related to Western healthcare utilization in a theoretical framework useful in the study of Western research on healthcare services are also useful in the study of healthcare utilization in the developing world. Elderly women, never-married women, and Hindus were less likely to visit any practitioner, which may indicate less health empowerment for these groups. Obtaining care is inversely related to household size and positively related to age (for men), education, poor health status, and impaired mobility. Controlling for these factors, household wealth and ever-married status showed no significant effect on obtaining care. The differential in use of healthcare services can partially be ameliorated by changes in policy related to the elderly and women.

http://www.colorado.edu/ibs/pubs/pop/pop2005-0003.pdf
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25. FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF MINNEAPOLIS: "Accounting for the Heterogeneity in Retirement Wealth," by Fang Yang (Working Paper 638, September 2005, .pdf and PostScript format, 43p.).

Abstract:

This paper studies a quantitative dynamic general equilibrium life-cycle model where parents and their children are linked by bequests, both voluntary and accidental, and by the transmission of earnings ability. This model is able to match very well the empirical observation that households with similar lifetime incomes hold very different amounts of wealth at retirement. Income heterogeneity and borrowing constraints are essential in generating the variation in retirement wealth among low lifetime income households, while the existence of intergenerational links is crucial in explaining the heterogeneity in retirement wealth among high lifetime income households.

http://minneapolisfed.org/research/common/pub_detail.cfm?pb_autonum_id=1038
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26. LUXEMBOURG INCOME STUDY: "The Material Consequences of How Social Security Keeps Older Persons Out of Poverty Across Developed Countries,"by Kebin Wu (Working Paper No. 410, May 2005, .pdf format, 12p.).

Abstract:

Social Security is a major retirement income source for older persons in the United States and other developed countries. Without Social Security income, a large portion of the older population would live in poverty in all developed countries. This report analyzes how or to what extent Social Security keeps older persons out of poverty across developed countries by examining changes in poverty rates of older persons with and without Social Security income.

http://www.lisproject.org/publications/liswps/410.pdf

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III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

27. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (Vol. 53, No. 10, October 2005).

http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/jgs

28. Journal of Aging and Health (Vol. 17, No. 5, October 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://jah.sagepub.com/content/vol17/issue5/?etoc

29. Medical Care (Vol. 43, No. 10, October 2005).

http://www.lww-medicalcare.com/pt/re/medcare/toc.00005650-200510000-00000.htm
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30. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Social Work (Vol. 50, No. 3, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.
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31. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Sep. 21, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Sep. 21, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Sep. 21, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Sep. 21, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Sep. 21, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology Research: Literature for the week of Sep. 21, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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IV. Books:

32. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT: _Ageing and Employment Policies - Canada," (2005, .pdf browsable only format, 141p.). Note: pricing information for a print copy is available at the site.

http://www.oecd.org/document/17/0,2340,en_2649_37435_35283281_1_1_1_37435,00.html

Click on "browse it" at the bottom of the page for link to .pdf format.

Press release:

http://www.oecd.org/document/20/0,2340,en_2649_201185_35386964_1_1_1_1,00.html

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V. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

33. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH: "Development and Improvement of Inbred ES Cell Lines for Use in Generation of Mouse Mutants" (RFA-DA-06-009, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, Sep. 16, 2005). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-DA-06-009.html
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34. EXPLORINGCAREERSINGERONTOLOGY.COM: This site is provided by Linda Weiner, a gerontology instructor and ex-AARP employee and career development adviser for Monster.com, as a resource for information in career development in the topic.

http://www.exploringcareersingerontology.com

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VI. Conferences:

35. AARP: "International Forum on Long-Term Care: Delivering Quality Care with a Global Workforce," a conference to be held Oct. 20, 2005, in Washington, D.C (AARP Global Aging Program). For more information see:

http://www.aarp.org/research/international/events/oct20_05_ltcforum.html
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36. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT: "Home High-Level Policy Forum: Ageing and Employment Policies," a policy foruto be held October 17-18, 2005 in Brussels, Belgium. For more information,
see:

http://www.oecd.org/document/61/0,2340,en_21571361_35042830_35043069_1_1_1_1,00.html

--
Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu