Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #30--April 21, 2000.

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar/caar-index.htm

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ERRATA! Last Week's CAAR (Issue 29, April 13, 2000) e-mail gave a mistaken Internet Address for the new table of contents of the Journal of Gerontology--Social Sciences B (item #15). The address has been corrected in the CAAR web version and can be found at:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar/caar29-april-13-2000.htm
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I. Data:

1. CENSUS BUREAU: The Census Bureau has released the 1999 version of "Consolidated Federal Funds Report." Included are three reports (.pdf format) and several downloadable data files. CFFRs are also available from 1994-1998 at the site.

http://www.census.gov/govs/www/cffr.html
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2. NCHS: The National Center for Health Statistics has released:

A. National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS), 1998 B. National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), 1998

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/ahcd/ahcd1.htm

Scroll to "Public-Use Data Files (micro-data)" for data and documentation.

C. Tabulated State Data Healthy People 2000: Selected Mortality Objectives (Lotus 4.0 format).

ftp://ftp.cdc.gov/pub/Health_Statistics/NCHS/Datasets/Healthy_People_2000/Mortality_Objectives/
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3. SEER: The National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program has released:

A. SEER 1973-1997 Public Use CD-ROM. Note: A public-use data agreement must be signed and sent to SEER before receiving the CD-ROM. Details can be found at the site, as well as details about the contents of the CD-ROM.

http://seer.cancer.gov/Publications/CDROM1973_1997/

B. Cancer Query System on the Web (CANQUES) has been updated to cover 1973-1997. Note: Users must have at least Netscape Navigator v4.06 or Microsoft Internet Explorer v4.x to utilize this Java 1.1 system. "(CANQUES) contains a variety of pre-calculated cancer statistics. CANQUES performs no calculations and contains statistics that were created by the SEER Program of the National Cancer Institute for their routine reporting and their Cancer Statistics Review, 1973-1997 (CSR)."

http://seer.cancer.gov/ScientificSystems/Canques/
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4. SSA COMPENDIUM DATA: The Social Security Administration is releasing statistical tables from the forthcoming _Annual Statistical Supplement 2000_ as they become available. Tables are available in HTML and .pdf formats. Interested users should bookmark the site and return periodically. At present, the following tables are available: Trust Funds: 4A1-6; Benefits in Current-Pay Status (Summary): 5A1-17; Retired Workers and Dependents: 5C1-2; Disabled Workers and Dependents: 5E1-2; Retired Workers with Dual Entitlement 5G1-5; Geographic Data: 5J1-14; Direct Deposit: 5K1; and With Representative Payee: 5L1. 1998 and 1999 _Annual Statistical Supplements_ are also available at the site.

http://www.ssa.gov/statistics/Supplement/2000/

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II. Reports and articles

5. FDA APPROVAL PRESS RELEASE: FDA (Food and Drug Administration) Approves Treatment For Wet Macular Degeneration.

http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/NEWS/NEW00724.html
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6. SOCIAL SECURITY LAW PL 106-182: To amend title II of the Social Security Act to eliminate the earnings test for individuals who have attained retirement age.

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d106:HR00005:|TOM:/bss/d106query.html

Click on "Text of Legislation" at the bottom of the page for HTML and .pdf versions of the law.
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7. CRS SEMINAR ON INDIVIDUAL VS. SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: The following papers were prepared for a Congressional Research Service seminar for Members of Congress exploring different perspectives on individual vs. social responsibility as it relates to domestic social policy. The seminar was held in Washington D.C. on Mar. 29, 2000.

A. "Individual Responsibility Models to Reach Social Goals," by Stuart Butler (.pdf format, 11p.).

B. "Achieving Social Goals: The Case for Defined Benefit Versus Defined Contribution Plans," by Alicia H. Munnell (.pdf format, 25p.).

http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/csom/executive/crr/debate.htm

Click on either title for full text.
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8. _BMJ_ ARTICLES AND EDITORIAL:

A. "Smoking and dementia in male British doctors: prospective study," by Richard Doll, Richard Peto, Jillian Boreham, and Isabelle Sutherland (_British Medical Journal_, Apr. 22, 2000, Vol. 320, No. 7242, p. 1097-1102, HTML and .pdf formats).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/320/7242/1097

B. "Smoking and the brain: No good evidence exists that smoking protects against dementia," (_British Medical Journal_, Apr. 22, 2000, Vol. 320, No. 7242, p. 1087-1088, HTML and .pdf formats). Note: This is a _BMJ_ editorial.

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/320/7242/1087

C. "Educational differences in smoking: international comparison," by A.E.J.M. Cavelaars, A.E. Kunst, J.J.M. Geurts, R. Crialesi, L. Grotvedt, U. Helmert, E. Lahelma, O. Lundberg, J. Matheson, A. Mielck, N. Kr. Rasmussen, E. Regidor, M. do Rosario-Giraldes, Th. Spuhler, and J.P. Mackenbach (_British Medical Journal_, Apr. 22, 2000, Vol. 320, No. 7242, p. 1102-1107, HTML and .pdf formats).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/320/7242/1102
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9. _BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL_ SPECIALTY JOURNAL ABSTRACT: "Smoking, drinking, and incident cognitive impairment: a cohort community based study included in the Gospel Oak project," by J.A. Cervilla, Martin Prince, and Anthony Mann (_Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry_, May 2000, Vol. 68, No. 5, p. 622-626). Note: Your organization may have access to full electronic text (HTML and .pdf formats) of this article. Check your organization's library.

http://jnnp.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/68/5/622
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10. PNAS ABSTRACTS: Note: Your organization may have access to full electronic text (HTML and .pdf formats) of these articles. Check your organization's library.

A. "A causal link between respiration and senescence in Podospora anserina," by Eric Dufour, Joceline Boulay, Vincent Rincheval, and Annie Sainsard-Chanet (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Apr. 11, 2000, Vol. 97, No. 8, p. 4138-4143).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/97/8/4138

B. "Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), DHEA sulfate, and aging: Contribution of the DHEAge Study to a sociobiomedical issue," by Etienne-Emile Baulieu, et. al. (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Apr. 11, 2000, Vol. 97, No. 8, p. 4279-4284).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/97/8/4279

Table of Contents for Vol. 97, No. 8.

http://www.pnas.org/content/vol97/issue8/
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11. URBAN INSTITUTE RETIREMENT PROJECT REPORTS:

A. "Tax Benefits for the Elderly," by Rudolph G. Penner (Retirement Project Report #5, April 2000, HTML and .pdf formats, 12p.).

http://www.urban.org/retirement/reports/5/retire_5.html

Click on "PDF format" for .pdf version.

B. "Social Security: Out of Step with the Modern Family," by Rochelle Stanfield with Corinna Nicolaou (April 2000, HTML and .pdf formats, 22p.).

>From the Preface:

In September 1999, the Urban Institute and the Gerontology Institute at the University of Massachusetts Boston sponsored a seminar in Washington, D.C., to examine this mismatch, "Evolving Family Structures and Social Security Reform." Participants discussed the divergence between demographic trends in family structure and rules governing Social Security benefits for workers and their spouses. This booklet summarizes many of the current system's shortcomings explored by seminar participants. The seminar discussion also provides the background for a forthcoming conference and book that will explore how Social Security can better accommodate the changing family. Like other government programs, Social Security must be updated to reflect current needs if it is to retain public support.

http://www.urban.org/retirement/reports/out_of_step.html

Click on "PDF format" for .pdf version.
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12. SEER REPORT: The National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program has released _SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1973-1997_ (.pdf format). "This report includes incidence, mortality, and survival statistics from 1973 through 1997, generated by SEER*Stat and other statistical tools. For Hispanics, Asian/Pacific Islanders, and American Indians/Alaska Natives, statistics are available for 1990 through 1997. For the entire time period, 1973 through 1997, statistics are available for All Races, Whites, and Blacks."

http://seer.cancer.gov/Publications/CSR1973_1997/
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III. Working Papers

13. CAROLINA POPULATION CENTER: "Disability-Free Life Expectancy of the Elderly of China," by Xiaochun Qiao (WP 00-02, March 2000, 19p.). Note: This paper is not available electronically at this time, but can be ordered for a nominal fee from the Carolina Population Center Library. Click on "CPC Library" to mail in an order.

http://www.cpc.unc.edu/pubs/is_doc/working.papers.list.html
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14. STOCKHOLM (SWEDEN) SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS: "A computer model to analyse the cost-effectiveness of hormone replacement therapy - a revised version," by Niklas Zethraeus, Peter Lindgren, Olof Johnell and Bengt Jonsson (Working Paper in Economics and Finance No. 368, March 2000, .pdf and .ps (.zip compressed and uncompressed formats), 57p.).

>From the Abstract:

This report presents a computer model for evaluating the cost-effectiveness (CE) of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT). The model is an extension of a previous model and includes also the risk of spine and wrist fracture. New Swedish data on risk of coronary heart disease and related mortality are included. The report describes the model's structure and data requirements; it also investigates the impact on the CE results by using the new model and by adding the wrist and spine fractures to the model. We further investigate whether the results are sensitive to the inclusion of Swedish risk and mortality data for CHD instead of using data based on the Framingham study. The results show that the incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) are insensitive to the chosen model, to the assumption that the risk of wrist and spine fracture follows that of hip fracture, and to replacing the Framingham data with Swedish CHD risk and mortality data.

http://swopec.hhs.se/hastef/abs/hastef0368.htm

Click on any of the full text versions of the paper at the bottom of the page.
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15. JEROME LEVY ECONOMICS INSTITUTE: Note: "The Jerome Levy Economics Institute, founded in 1986, is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, fully endowed, public policy research organization." "Financing Long-Term Care: Options for Policy," by Walter M. Cadette (Working Paper No. 283, October 1999, HTML format).

http://www.levy.org/docs/wrkpap/papers/283.html
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16. FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CLEVELAND: "How Much Should Americans Be Saving for Retirement?" by B. Douglas Bernheim, Lorenzo Forni, Jagadeesh Gokhale, and Laurence J. Kotlikoff (Working Paper 0002, March 2000, .pdf format, 16p.).

>From the Abstract:

How much should Americans save prior to retirement? Given Social Security's shaky financial condition, this is a critical question for baby boomers. A financial planning program ESPlanner is applied to data from the Health and Retirement Survey (HRS) to consider the amount that households approaching retirement should save. ESPlanner calculates households' highest sustainable living standards under borrowing constraints, simultaneously determining the saving and life insurance required to preserve those living standards through time. Two alternative assumptions are made: first, Social Security's promised benefits are fully paid and, second, benefits are permanently cut by 30 percent after 15 years. We find that ESPlanner's recommended saving rates are quite high for all except the poorest households. Moreover, if these households are assuming that Social Security benefits will be fully paid, their saving will turn out to be much too low if major benefit-cuts occur after the baby boomers retire.

http://www.clev.frb.org/Research/workpaper/2000/Wp0002.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability)

17. Journal of Health Economics (Vol. 19, No. 3, May 2000). Note: Clicking on "Tables of Contents / Abstracts" in the left frame, and then "Volume 19, Issue 3..." leads to tables of contents and abstracts. Your organization may have access to full electronic text of articles (.pdf format). Check your organization's library.

http://www.elsevier.nl/inca/publications/store/5/0/5/5/6/0/
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18. CARL Uncover Journal Tables of Contents. Follow the instructions below to access tables of contents. CARL Uncover provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://uncweb.carl.org:80/

B. click on "Search Uncover"
C. click on "Search Uncover Now"
D. Type the Journal Name in the search box and click the radio button "Journal Title Browse"
E. click on the journal name
F. click on "journal issues"
G. click on the issues identified below

American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 151, No. 7, Apr. 1, 2000).

American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 105, No. 5, March 2000). Note: This journal is available in electronic full text in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Educational Gerontology (Vol. 26, No. 2, 2000). Note: This journal is available in electronic full text in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (Vol. 48, No. 4, April 2000).

Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect (Vol. 11, No. 1, 1999).

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V. Legislation Information Updates

19. HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE SOCIAL SECURITY SUBCOMMITTEE: "Efforts to Inform the Public about Social Security," a hearing held Apr. 11, 2000.

Hearing Testimony:

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/socsec/106cong/ss-15wit.htm

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VI. Websites of Interest

20. SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY MAXWELL SCHOOL OF CITIZENSHIP AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS CENTER FOR POLICY RESEARCH POLICY ORIENTED GERONTOLOGY CURRICULUM (GERO-ED): This site brings together information and resources for gerontology and geriatrics curricula that are organized on the basis of social policy issues. At present the issues are: Economic Issues of Aging; Family Issues and Aging; Political Science Perspectives on Aging; and Demography, Aging, and Public Policy. Under each issue, users can find curricular resources for courses that either have been taught or could be taught at the university level. Selected bibliographies are provided, along with links to relevant web sites in some curricula.

http://www-cpr.maxwell.syr.edu/gero_ed/index.htm

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu