Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #288--May 19, 2005

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Reports and articles:

1. GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE SPECIAL PUBLICATION: "Social Security Reform: Answers to Key Questions," (GAO-05-193SP, May 2005, .pdf format, 69p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05193sp.pdf

Note: This is a temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gaoreports/index.html
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2. SSA OP REPORT:

A. "OASDI [Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance] Monthly Statistics, April 2005," (US Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, May 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/oasdi_monthly/2005-04/index.html

B. "SSI [Supplemental Security Income] Monthly Statistics, April 2005," (US Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, May 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_monthly/2005-04/index.html
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3. NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS REPORT: "Changes in Use of Voluntary Workers in Nursing Homes: United States, 1985 and 1999," by Abigail J. Moss and Robin E. Remsburg (Vital and Health Statistics Advance Data no. 357, May 2005, .pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ad/ad357.pdf
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4. CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES FACT SHEET, RULE ANNOUNCEMENT:

A. "CMS to Examine Procedures for Certifying New Specialty Hospitals," (May 12, 2005).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1455

B. "Skilled Nursing Facility Prospective Payment System," (May 12, 2005).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/providers/snfpps/

Press Release:

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1461
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5. US PREVENTIVE SERVICES TASK FORCE RECOMMENDATION STATEMENT: "Hormone Therapy for the Prevention of Chronic Conditions in Postmenopausal Women," (AHRQ Publication No. 05-0576, May 2005).

http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/uspstf05/ht/htpostmenrs.htm
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6. US SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION REPORT: "Staff Report Concerning Examinations of Select Pension Consultants," (Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations, May 2005, .pdf format, 7p.).

http://www.sec.gov/news/studies/pensionexamstudy.pdf

Press Release:

http://www.sec.gov/news/press/2005-75.htm
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7. US FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION REPORT UPDATE: "Combating Counterfeit Drugs: A Report of the Food and Drug Administration Annual Update," (May 2005, HTML format). Note: This report is an update of a FDA report originally released in February 2004.

http://www.fda.gov/oc/initiatives/counterfeit/update2005.html
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8. _MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT_ ARTICLE:

A. "Disparities in Deaths from Stroke Among Persons Aged <75 Years --- United States, 2002," (Centers for Disease Control, _MMWR_, vol. 54, no. 19, May 20, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 477-481).

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5419a2.htm

B. "Monitoring Progress in Arthritis Management --- United States and 25 States, 2003," (Centers for Disease Control, _MMWR_, vol. 54, no. 19, May 20, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 484-488).

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5419a4.htm

PDF for both:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5419.pdf
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9. _DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH_ ARTICLE: Note: _DR_ is a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [Rostock, Germany]. "Decline in Human Cancer Incidence Rates at Old Ages: Age-Period-Cohort Considerations," by Konstantin G. Arbeev, Anatoli I. Yashin, Svetlana Ukraintseva, and Lyubov S. Arbeeva (vol. 12, no. 11, May 2005, .pdf format, p. 273-300).

Abstract:

Analysis of age-specific trajectories of cancer incidence rates for all sites combined (data source: International Agency for Research on Cancer) reveals a leveling-off and decline of the rates at old ages in different countries and time periods. We apply a non-linear age-period-cohort model (James and Segal 1982) to obtain declining cancer incidence rates at old ages.

The age effects are represented by a power function of age in accordance with a multistage model of carcinogenesis (Armitage and Doll 1954). Applications to cancer incidence in England and Wales, Japan (Miyagi prefecture) and the USA (New York State and San Francisco) illustrate the approach. Further topics of research are discussed.

http://www.demographic-research.org/
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10. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING PRESS RELEASE:

A. "Dedicated care places for people living with dementia to remain at home," (May 13, 2005).

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content/health-mediarel-yr2005-jb-bis055.htm

B. "World first dementia memory clinics," (May 13, 2005).

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content/health-mediarel-yr2005-jb-bis054.htm

C. "Older Australians lead surge in health insurance," (May 16, 2005).

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content/health-mediarel-yr2005-ta-abb055.htm
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11. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION WEBCAST: "Medicare Basics, From (Part) A to D," (May 16, 2005, RealPlayer, Windows Media Player, and .pdf format). Note: "This Alliance for Health Reform and Kaiser Family Foundation briefing aims to answer questions on the Medicare program. Who does Medicare serve and what services does it provide? How is the program financed? What is the difference between Medicare fee-for-service and Medicare Advantage? What are the basics of the new Medicare drug benefit? What is "Medigap"? How has Medicare attempted to control costs?"

http://www.kaisernetwork.org/health_cast/hcast_index.cfm?display=detail&hc=1431

Click on 'Video'.
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12. _PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT:

A. "Structural properties of A{beta} protofibrils stabilized by a small molecule," by Angela D. Williams, Matt Sega, Maolian Chen, Indu Kheterpal, Merav Geva, Valerie Berthelier, David T. Kaleta, Kelsey D. Cook, and Ronald Wetzel (_PNAS_, vol. 102, no. 20, May 17, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 7115-7120). Note: _PNAS_ is making the full-text of this article available for free.

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/102/20/7115

B. "A common haplotype in the complement regulatory gene factor H (HF1/CFH) predisposes individuals to age-related macular degeneration," by Gregory S. Hageman, Don H. Anderson, Lincoln V. Johnson, Lisa S. Hancox, Andrew J. Taiber, Lisa I. Hardisty, Jill L. Hageman, Heather A. Stockman, James D. Borchardt, Karen M. Gehrs, Richard J. H. Smith, Giuliana Silvestri, Stephen R. Russell, Caroline C. W. Klaver, Irene Barbazetto, Stanley Chang, Lawrence A. Yannuzzi, Gaetano R. Barile, John C. Merriam, R. Theodore Smith, Adam K. Olsh, Julie Bergeron, Jana Zernant, Joanna E. Merriam, Bert Gold, Michael Dean, and Rando Allikmets (_PNAS_, vol. 102, no. 20, May 17, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 7227-7232). Note: _PNAS_ is making the full-text of this article available for free.

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/102/20/7227
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13. _NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Cystatin C and the Risk of Death and Cardiovascular Events among Elderly Persons," by Michael G. Shlipak, Mark J. Sarnak, Ronit Katz, Linda F. Fried, Stephen L. Seliger, Anne B. Newman, David S. Siscovick, and Catherine Stehman-Breen (_NEJM_, vol. 352, no. 20, May 19, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2049-2060).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/352/20/2049
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14. _LANCET_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing articles. "Effects of chemotherapy and hormonal therapy for early breast cancer on recurrence and 15-year survival: an overview of the randomised trials," by Early Breast Cancer Trialists' Collaborative Group (EBCTCG) (_Lancet_, vol. 365, no. 9472, May 14, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1687-1717).

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673605665440/abstract
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15. _JOURNAL OF AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY_ ARTICLE: "Increased Carotid Atherosclerosis in Andropausal Middle-Aged Men," by Juuso Mäkinen, Mikko J. Järvisalo, Pasi Pöllänen, Antti Perheentupa, Kerttu Irjala, Markku Koskenvuo, Juha Mäkinen, Ilpo Huhtaniemi, and Olli T. Raitakari (vol. 45, no. 10, 2005, .pdf format, p. 1603-1608).

http://www.acc.org/media/releases/highlights/2005/may05/testosterone.pdf

Press Release:

http://www.acc.org/media/releases/highlights/2005/may05/testosterone.htm
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16. _JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION_ COMMENTARY EXTRACT: "Ethics, the Constitution, and the Dying Process: The Case of Theresa Marie Schiavo," by Lawrence O. Gostin (_JAMA_, vol. 293, no. 19, May 18, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2403-2407).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/293/19/2403
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17. COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIPS FOR OLDER ADULTS NEWSLETTER: "Community View," (vol. 2, no. 2, May 2005, .pdf format).

http://www.partnershipsforolderadults.org/news/newsletter.aspx
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18. _NEWSWEEK_ ARTICLE: "Fresh Worries on Pensions," by Jane Bryant Quinn (May 23, 2005).

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/7856689/site/newsweek/
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19. AARP Prime Time Radio: The following AARP _Prime Time Radio_ show, for May 11, 2005, is now available (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, audio transcripts run between 24 and 30 minutes).

May 16, 2005 -- Binding Mandatory Arbitration
May 11, 2005 -- Monsignor Charles Fahey - Lifetime Advocate for the Elderly

http://www.aarp.org/fun/radio/pt_radio/archives.html

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II. Working Papers:

20. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "Faith-Based Charity and Crowd Out during the Great Depression," by Jonathan Gruber and Daniel M. Hungerman (NBER Working Paper w11332, May 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).

Abstract:

Interest in religious organizations as providers of social services has increased dramatically in recent years. Churches in the U.S. were a crucial provider of social services through the early part of the twentieth century, but their role shrank dramatically with the expansion in government spending under the New Deal. In this paper, we investigate the extent to which the New Deal crowded out church charitable spending in the 1930s. We do so using a new nationwide data set of charitable spending for six large Christian denominations, matched to data on local New Deal spending. We instrument for New Deal spending using measures of the political strength of a state's congressional delegation, and confirm our findings using a different instrument based on institutional constraints on state relief spending. With both instruments we find that higher government spending leads to lower church charitable activity. Crowd-out was small as a share of total New Deal spending (3%), but large as a share of church spending: our estimates suggest that church spending fell by 30% in response to the New Deal, and that government relief spending can explain virtually all of the decline in charitable church activity observed between 1933 and 1939.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11332

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.
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21. ORGANIZATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT: "Ageing, Welfare Services and Municipalities in Finland," by Jens Lundsgaard (Economics Department Working Paper no. 428, May 2005, .pdf and Word format, 50p.).

Abstract:

With population ageing setting in sooner and more forcefully than in other OECD countries, Finland needs to get its fiscal priorities right quickly. That will require considerable reform as public spending currently expands vigorously. While GDP growth has slowed from the exceptionally rapid pace of the late 1990s, public consumption has continued to grow fast, as new obligations by central government and popular demand led municipalities to expand service provision. After some consolidation in 2003, local government spending has accelerated again and the deficit has widened to ¾ per cent of GDP in 2004 for the municipalities considered as a whole - despite still larger transfers from central government. At the same time, the tax burden is high, especially on labour. Ensuring the sustainability of public finances over the long term, while maintaining the essential parts of the welfare society will only be possible by i) raising the effectiveness of public spending, ii) reforming the financing of municipalities to encourage better control of spending and limit future rises in municipal income taxation and iii) rebalancing the mix between public and private provision and funding of services. This working paper discusses ways in which progress could be made on such a policy agenda. It relates to the 2004 OECD Economic Survey of Finland (http://www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/finland) updating the Survey's analysis by incorporating data for 2004 and recent developments.

http://www.olis.oecd.org/olis/2005doc.nsf/linkto/ECO-WKP(2005)15
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22. RESEARCH UNIT FOR STATISTICAL RESEARCH IN SOCIAL SCIENCE [HITOSUBASHI UNIVERSITY]: "Do Non-Profit Operators Provide Higher Quality of Care? Evidence from Micro-Level Data for Japan's Long-term Care Industry," by Haruko Noguchi and Satoshi Shimizutani (Discussion Paper No. 87, April 2005, .pdf format, 16p).

Abstract:

Along with the introduction of the long-term care insurance scheme, the Japanese government in 2000 for the first time allowed for-profit operators to compete head-on with non-profit operators in the provision of at-home care services. This study examines quality differentials between the nonprofit and the for-profit sector in Japan's elderly care industry, concentrating on home helpers and staff nurses. Taking advantage of a unique and rich micro-level survey, the study finds that although nonprofit operators provide higher quality of care, as measured by simple averages of workers' characteristics, the advantage of nonprofits disappears once their higher wage is corrected for. This finding confirms that the seemingly higher quality of care provided by nonprofit operators is due to the nonprofit wage premium, resulting from their preferential status which provides non-distributional constraints and favorable tax treatment.

http://hi-stat.ier.hit-u.ac.jp/research/discussion/2005/pdf/D05-87.pdf

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III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

23. American Journal of Epidemiology (vol. 161, no. 11, June 1, 2005).

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol161/issue11/index.dtl?etoc

24. Journal of Aging Studies (vol. 19, no. 2, May 2005). Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the EbscoHost database. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/08904065

25. Medical Care Research and Review (vol. 62, no. 3, September 1, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://mcr.sagepub.com/content/vol62/issue3/?etoc
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26. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Canadian Journal on Aging (vol. 24, no. 1, 2005).

Educational Gerontology (vol. 31, no. 5, May 2005). Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the EbscoHost database. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (vol. 53, supp. 4, 2005).

Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect (vol. 14, no. 1, 2004).

Journal of Health and Social Behavior (vol. 46, no. 1, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Omega (vol. 50, no. 3, 2005).
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27. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of May 18, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of May 18, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of May 18, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of May 18, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of May 18, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of May 18, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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IV. Funding Opportunities:

28. CDC: "Breast and Prostate Cancer Data Quality and Patterns of Care Study," (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, RFA-DP-05-071, May 11, 2005).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-DP-05-071.html

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V. Legislation Information Updates:

29. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "HIV Over Fifty: Exploring The New Threat," a hearing held May 12, 2005.

Hearing testimony:

http://aging.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?Fuseaction=Hearings.Detail&HearingID=64
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30. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON HEALTH, EDUCATION, LABOR, & PENSIONS HEARING TESTIMONY: "Planning for an Aging Population: The Administration," a hearing held May 17, 2005.

Hearing testimony:

http://help.senate.gov/bills/hlh_85_bill.html
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31. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON SOCIAL SECURITY, HEARING TESTIMONY: "First in a Series of Subcommittee Hearings on Protecting and Strengthening Social Security," a hearing held May 17, 2005.

Hearing testimony:

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/hearings.asp?formmode=detail&hearing=407
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32. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS HEARING TESTIMONY: "Hearing on the Retirement Policy Challenges and Opportunities of our Aging Society," a hearing held May 19, 2005.

Hearing testimony:

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/hearings.asp?formmode=detail&hearing=410

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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