Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #274--February 10, 2005

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. HRS: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Health and Retirement study has released "Plans for the future of HRS: A First Look!"

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/news/future/ProposalGraphic.htm

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II. Reports and articles:

2. CMS NEWS RELEASE, PROPOSED RULE, FACT SHEET:

A. "CMS Proposes New Coverage Criteria for Wheelchairs, Scooters," (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, February 3, 2005).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1345

B. "Medicare Part D Electronic-Prescribing Proposed Rule," (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, February 4, 2005).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/medicarereform/

Scroll down to or "find in page" "Medicare Part D" (without the quotes).

C. "Reforming Medicare's Contracting Process," (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, February 2005).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1352

D. "Budget Facts," (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, February 2005).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1350
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3. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING REPORT: "Protecting Older Americans Against Overpayment of Income Taxes" (2005, .pdf format, 4p.). "The Senate Special Committee on Aging is issuing this tax information paper for tax year 2004 with older Americans in mind. The Committee has included a checklist for itemized deductions such as medical and dental expenses; a standard deduction table; and information about how to ask the IRS for help when filling your tax returns."

http://aging.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?Fuseaction=PressReleases.View&PressRelease_id=521

Click on "Click Here" for full text.
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4. MEPS STATISTICAL BRIEFS:

A. "Top 10 Outpatient Prescription Medicines Ranked by Utilization and Expenditures for the Elderly in the U.S. Community Population, 2002," by Marie N. Stagnitti (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief #66, February 2005, .pdf format, 4p.).

Abstract:

Using prescribed medicine data in the Household Component of the 2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), this Statistical Brief provides a summary of the top 10 outpatient prescription medicines for the elderly (65 and older) in the U.S. community population in 2002, by utilization and expenditures. The brief also provides trends in annual prescribed medicines expenditures for the elderly from 1996 to 2002.

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/PrintProducts/PrintProd_Detail.asp?ID=663

B. "Top 10 Outpatient Prescription Medicines Ranked by Utilization and Expenditures for the Near Elderly in the U.S. Community Population, 2002," by Marie N. Stagnitti (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief #65, February 2005, .pdf format, 4p.).

Abstract:

Using prescribed medicine data in the Household Component of the 2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), this Statistical Brief provides a summary of the top 10 outpatient prescription medicines for the near elderly (55 to 64) in the U.S. community population in 2002, by utilization and expenditures. The brief also provides trends in annual prescribed medicines expenditures for the near elderly from 1996 to 2002.

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/PrintProducts/PrintProd_Detail.asp?ID=662
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5. GAO CORRESPONDENCE: "Medicare Fee-for-Service Beneficiary Access to Physician Services: Trends in Utilization of Services, 2000-2002," (US Government Accountability Office, GAO-05-145R, January 12, 2005, .pdf format, 30p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05145r.pdf

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gaoreports/index.html
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6. CBO LETTER: "Letter to the Honorable William "Bill" M. Thomas regarding CBO's current projection of spending for the Medicare Part D benefit," (US Congressional Budget Office, Feb. 9, 2005, .pdf format, 3p.).

http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=6076&sequence=0&from=7

Click on the PDF tab on the top right side of the page.
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7. NIH PRESS RELEASE: "Study Finds Direct Association Between Cardiovascular Disease and Periodontal Bacteria," (US National Institutes of Health, February 7, 2005).

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/feb2005/nidcr-07.htm
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8. DHHS PRESS RELEASE: "HHS Announces Simplified System for Research Protection Assurances," (US Department of Health and Human Services, February 9, 2005).

http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2005pres/20050209.html
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9. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE BRIEF: "What Does Price Indexing Mean for Social Security Benefits," by Alicia H. Munnell and Mauricio Soto (Just the Facts No. 14, February 2005, .pdf format, 5p.).

http://www.bc.edu/centers/crr/jtf_14.shtml
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10. URBAN INSTITUTE REPORT:

"Understanding Expenditure Patterns in Retirement," by Barbara Butrica, Joshua H. Goldwyn, Richard W. Johnson (January 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=411130
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11. AARP POLICY RESEARCH CENTER REPORT: "Public Attitudes Toward Social Security and Private Accounts," (February 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).

http://research.aarp.org/econ/soc_sec_pr_acc.html

Press Release:

http://www.aarp.org/research/press/presscurrentnews/poll_results.html
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12. _SCIENCE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Mechanisms of Hair Graying: Incomplete Melanocyte Stem Cell Maintenance in the Niche," by Emi K. Nishimura, Scott R. Granter, and David E. Fisher (_Science_, Vol. 307, No. 5710, February 4, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 720-724).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/307/5710/720
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13. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Aggregation promoting C-terminal truncation of {alpha}-synuclein is a normal cellular process and is enhanced by the familial Parkinson's disease-linked mutations," by Wenxue Li, Neva West, Emanuela Colla, Olga Pletnikova, Juan C. Troncoso, Laura Marsh, Ted M. Dawson, Pekka Jäkälä, Tobias Hartmann, Donald L. Price, and Michael K. Lee (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 102, No. 6, February 8, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2162-2167).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/102/6/2162
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14. _BMJ_ PRIMARY CARE EXTRACT:

A. "Follow up of people aged 65 and over with a history of emergency admissions: analysis of routine admission data," by Martin Roland, Mark Dusheiko, Hugh Gravelle, and Stuart Parker (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 330, No. 7486, February 5, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 289-292).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/330/7486/289

B. "Does home based medication review keep older people out of hospital? The HOMER randomised controlled trial," by Richard Holland, Elizabeth Lenaghan, Ian Harvey, Richard Smith, Lee Shepstone, Alistair Lipp, Maria Christou, David Evans, and Christopher Hand (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 330, No. 7486, February 5, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 293).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/330/7486/293
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15. _LANCET_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

A. "Risk of acute myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death in patients treated with cyclo-oxygenase 2 selective and non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: nested case-control study," by David J. Graham, David Campen, Rita Hui, Michele Spence, Craig Cheetham, Gerald Levy, Stanford Shoor, and Wayne A. Ray (_Lancet_, Vol. 365, No. 9458, February 5, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 475-481).

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol365/iss9458/abs/llan.365.9458.primary_research.32168.1

B. "Educational inequalities in cause-specific mortality in middle-aged and older men and women in eight western European populations," by Martijn Huisman, Anton E. Kunst, Matthias Bopp, Jens-Kristian Borgan, Carme Borrell, Giuseppe Costa, Patrick Deboosere, Sylvie Gadeyne, Myer Glickman, Chiara Marinacci, Christoph Minder, Enrique Regidor, Tapani Valkonen, and Johan P. Mackenbach (_Lancet_, Vol. 365, No. 9458, February 5, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 493-500).

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol365/iss9458/abs/llan.365.9458.primary_research.32171.1

C. "Early supported discharge services for stroke patients: a meta-analysis of individual patients' data," by Peter Langhorne, Gillian Taylor, Gordon Murray, Martin Dennis, Craig Anderson, Erik Bautz-Holter, Paola Dey, Bent Indredavik, Nancy Mayo, Michael Power, Helen Rodgers, Ole Morten Ronning, Anthony Rudd, Nijasri Suwanwela, Lotta Widen-Holmqvist, and Charles Wolfe (_Lancet_, Vol. 365, No. 9458, February 5, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 501-506).

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol365/iss9458/abs/llan.365.9458.primary_research.32172.1
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16. _NEWSWEEK_ ARTICLE:

A. "Social Security: A Daring Leap," by Allan Sloan (_Newsweek_, February 14, 2005).

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6920720/site/newsweek/

B. "Your Retirement: How to Land On Your Feet," by Jane Bryant Quinn (_Newsweek_, February 14, 2005).

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6920458/site/newsweek/
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17. _TIME_ ARTICLE: "The 4% Solution," by Karen Tumulty and John F. Dickerson (_Time_, Vol. 165, No. 7, February 14, 2005).

http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1025164,00.html

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III. Working Papers:

18. NBER:

A. "Structural Reform of Social Security," by Martin Feldstein (National Bureau of Economic Research, w11098, February 2005, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

Governments around the world have enacted or are currently considering fundamental structural reforms of their Social Security pension programs. The key feature in these reforms is a shift from a pure pay-as-you-go tax-financed system, in which taxes on current workers are primarily distributed to current retirees, to a mixed system that combines pay-as-you-go benefits with investment-based personal retirement accounts. This paper discusses how such a mixed system could work in practice and how the transition to such a change could be achieved. It then analyzes the economic gains that would result from shifting to a mixed system. I turn next to the three problems that critics raise about any investment-based plan: administrative costs, risk, and income distribution. Finally, I comment on some of the ad hoc proposals for dealing with the financial problem of Social Security without shifting to an investment-based system.

http://www.nber.org/papers/W11098

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "Social Security Privatization with Elastic Labor Supply and Second-Best Taxes," by Kent Smetters (National Bureau of Economic Research, w11101, February 2005, .pdf format, 26p.).

Abstract:

This paper shows that many common methods of privatizing social security fail to reduce labor market distortions when taxes are second best, challenging a key reason to privatize. Ironically, providing "transition relief" to workers alive at the time of the reform, in an effort to protect their previous contributions, undercuts potential efficiency gains. Chile's reform -- the first major privatization that also served as a model for other countries -- actually increased labor market distortions. It is then shown that privatization with limited transition relief can reduce labor market distortions and produce gains to current and future generations without hurting initial retirees, i.e., a Pareto gain, even with second-best taxes.

http://www.nber.org/papers/W11101

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

C. "Testing for Ownership Mix Efficiency: The Case of the Nursing Home Industry," by Rexford E. Santerre and John A. Vernon (National Bureau of Economic Research, w11115, February 2005, .pdf format, 23p.).

Abstract:

This paper offers an empirical test of ownership mix efficiency in the U.S. nursing home industry. We test to compare the benefits of quality assurance with the costs from the attenuation of property rights that result from an increased presence of nonprofit organizations. The empirical results suggest that too few nonprofit nursing homes may exist in the typical market area of the U.S. The policy implication is that more quality of care per dollar might be obtained by attracting a greater percentage of nonprofit nursing homes into most market areas.

http://www.nber.org/papers/W11115

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.
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19. SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY MAXWELL SCHOOL CENTER FOR POLICY RESEARCH: "Income and the Use of Prescription Drugs by the Elderly: Evidence from the Notch Cohorts," by John R. Moran and Kosali Ilayperuma Simon (Working Paper 66, January 2005, .pdf format, 41p.).

Abstract:

We use exogenous variation in Social Security payments created by the Social Security benefits notch to estimate how retirees' use of prescription medications responds to changes in their incomes. In contrast to estimates obtained using ordinary least squares, instrumental variables estimates based on the notch suggest that lower-income retirees exhibit considerable income sensitivity in their use of prescription drugs. Our estimates are potentially useful for thinking about the health implications of changes in transfer payments to the elderly and for evaluating the benefits of the recently enacted Medicare prescription drug benefit.

http://www-cpr.maxwell.syr.edu/cprwps/wps66abs.htm

Click on "Click here" at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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20. Center for Economic Studies/Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CESifo) [University of Munich, Germany]:

A. "Optimal Response to a Demographic Shock," by Juan C. Conesa and Carlos Garriga (Working Paper 1393, January 2005, .pdf format, 26p.).

Abstract:

We examine the optimal policy response to an exogenously given demographic shock. Such a shock affects negatively the financing of retirement pensions, and we use optimal fiscal policy in order to determine the optimal strategy of the social security administration. Our approach provides specific policy responses in an environment that guarantees the financial sustainability of existing retirement pensions. At the same time, pensions will be financed in a way that by construction generates no welfare losses for any of the cohorts in our economy. In contrast to existing literature we endogenously determine optimal policies rather than exploring implications of exogenously given policies. Our results show that the optimal strategy is based in the following ingredients: elimination of compulsory retirement, a change in the structure of labor income taxation and a temporary increase in the level of government debt.

http://www.cesifo.de/pls/guestci/download/CESifo+Working+Papers+2005/CESifo+Working+Papers+January+2005/cesifo1_wp1393.pdf

B. "Ageing, Funded Pensions and the Dutch Economy," by Lans Bovenberg and Thijs Knapp (working Paper 1403, February 2005, .pdf format, 26p.).

Abstract:

This paper attempts to paint a coherent picture of the effects of ageing on a small, open, economy with large pension funds in different institutional settings. Quantitative scenarios are projected with an applied computable general equilibrium model with institutional details. We find that ageing leads to a tighter labor market, increasing costs for both pension funds and the government, and leaving the economy vulnerable to financial and further demographic shocks. We show that defined benefit pension arrangements can be destabilizing, but less so if an average-wage variable-indexation contract is chosen. Government can help by adopting a policy of tax smoothing, but the single most important determinant of the net burden of ageing is the eventual size of the increase in labor market participation of older workers. The intergenerational welfare effects of demographic shocks and changes in international interest rates are sizable and should be an integral part of the assessment of different policy instruments.

http://www.cesifo.de/pls/guestci/download/CESifo+Working+Papers+2005/CESifo+Working+Papers+February+2005/cesifo1_wp1403.pdf

C. "Personal Security Accounts and Mandatory Annuitization in a Dynastic Framework," by Luisa Fuster, Ayse Imrohoroglu, and Selahattin Imrohoroglu (Working Paper 1393, January 2005, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

The aging of the populations in the OECD countries has prompted various calls for reforming the existing pay-as-you-go (PAYG) pension systems. Currently, there is renewed discussion in the United States about partial privatization where a fraction of the social security payroll tax would be diverted to Personal Security Accounts. In this paper, we quantitatively evaluate the welfare effects of reforming social security by introducing a PSA with and without mandatory annuitization in an economic environment with bequests and borrowing constraints. Our setup allows us to assess whether mandatory saving or mandatory annuitization of accumulated PSA wealth at retirement is welfare enhancing, and if so, for what type of individuals. Our setup follows Fuster, Imrohoroglu, and Imrohoroglu (2003) and studies various pension schemes in a two-sided altruistic framework where social security provides insurance against individual income and lifespan uncertainty. This framework is well suited to consider the annuity role of social security for single individuals versus for households where families also provide annuity insurance to their members. Our main findings can be summarized as follows:

- A majority of households prefer a PSA reform (with or without mandatory annuitization) over the current PAYG pension system. Aggregate capital, output, and consumption, as well as individuals' lifetime welfare, are higher in the reformed pension system.

- Mandatory annuitization benefits most households. In light of these findings, structuring the social security reform along a two-tiered system with a safety net for low income households that do not have access to family insurance, and allowing all households to accumulate retirement wealth faster through PSAs, and finally, requiring some level of annuitization of this wealth appear welfare improving for a large fraction of households.

http://www.cesifo.de/pls/guestci/download/CESifo+Working+Papers+2005/CESifo+Working+Papers+February+2005/cesifo1_wp1405.pdf

D. "Optimal Portfolio Management for Individual Pension Plans," by Christian Gollier (Working Paper 1394, February 2005, .pdf format, 20p.).

Abstract:

We explore the various arguments for and against the recommendation that younger households should invest a larger share of their pension wealth in risky assets. The ability of young agents to compensate their financial losses by saving more during their career provides the strongest argument in favour of younger people investing more aggressively in the stock market. Mean reversion in stock returns yields another argument. However, the uninsurability of the risky human capital goes in the opposite direction, together with the imperfect knowledge that young investors have about the distribution of asset returns.

http://www.cesifo.de/pls/guestci/download/CESifo+Working+Papers+2005/CESifo+Working+Papers+February+2005/cesifo1_wp1394.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

21. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 45, No. 4, February 15, 2005).

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol161/issue4/index.dtl

22. The Gerontologist (Vol. 45, No. 1, February 1, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://gerontologist.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol45/issue1/?etoc

23. Journal of the American Geriatric Society (Vol. 53, No. 2, February 2005).

http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=jgs

24. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences (Vol. 59, No. 12, December 1, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://biomed.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol59/issue12/?etoc
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25. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Aging and Physical Activity (Vol. 13, No. 1, 2005).

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26. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of February 9, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of February 9, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of February 9, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of February 9, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of February 9, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of February 9, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Books:

27. AGE CONCERN [UK]: _Older Richer Fitter_, by David Metz and Michael Underwood (2005, 200p., ISBN 086242383X). For more information, see:

http://www.ageconcern.org.uk/shop/index.cfm?fuseaction=product&product=86CB9BC7-E7FB-1C5F-EE6942BACABD3CC2

More information on Age Concern:

http://www.ageconcern.org.uk/AgeConcern/about.htm

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VI. Funding Opportunities:

28. NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SOCIAL INSURANCE:

A. "Washington Internship on Social Insurance," application deadline is March 15, 2005. "The National Academy of Social Insurance (NASI) seeks outstanding graduate and upper division undergraduate students to serve as interns on social policy research and policy analysis projects in Washington, D.C. Students studying economics, gerontology, journalism, political science, public policy, social work, actuarial science or related subjects are urged to apply for this 12-week summer semester internship." For more information go to:

http://www.nasi.org/info-url_nocat3815/info-url_nocat_show.htm?doc_id=149195

B. "Somers Aging and Long-Term Care Research Internship," application deadline is March 15, 2005. "The Somers Aging and Long-Term Care Research Internship is designed to recognize qualified students and provide them a challenging learning experience. This internship, compared to the Washington Internship on Social Insurance, focuses on aging and long-term care issues and is more research oriented." For more information go to:

http://www.nasi.org/info-url_nocat3815/info-url_nocat_show.htm?doc_id=149222

C. "Nathan J. Stark Internship for Non-Profit Development," application deadline is March 15, 2005. "The Nathan J. Stark Internship for Non-Profit Development will provide two students with the opportunity to learn about non-profit boards and fund raising. Students will be based at the National Academy of Social Insurance or a similar not-for-profit organization such as the National Health Policy Forum or the Association for Academic Health Centers." For more information go to:

http://www.nasi.org/info-url_nocat3815/info-url_nocat_show.htm?doc_id=149398

D. "John Heinz Dissertation Award," application deadline is July 31, 2005. "The John Heinz Dissertation Award is one of several activities designed to attract talented individuals to the field of social insurance and encourage the development of new administrators, scholars, and other professionals. The Academy's dissertation award is designed to recognize and promote outstanding research by new scholars addressing social insurance policy questions. The award is presented annually in honor of Senator John Heinz. He was a leading expert in the Senate on private pension and health care policy and was a member of the Academy's Board of Advisors from the organization's inception in 1986." For more information go to:

http://www.nasi.org/info-url_nocat3815/info-url_nocat_show.htm?doc_id=149375

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VII. Conferences:

29. ELDERCARE AND TECHNOLOGY MATTERS PROGRAM SEMINAR: "Empowering Families for the Long Term: Options for Long Term Care Planning and Financing," an online seminar to be held April 12 and 19, 2005. For more information, including registration information, go to:

http://www.caregiving-online.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=32&Itemid=59
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30. CONFERENCALERTS.COM: Conferencealerts.com has recently updated its Gerontology section:

http://www.conferencealerts.com/aging.htm

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VIII. Legislation Information Updates:

31. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "Social Security: Do We Have To Act Now?" a hearing held February 3, 2005.

Hearing testimony (.pdf format):

http://aging.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?Fuseaction=Hearings.Detail&HearingID=59
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32. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON THE BUDGET HEARING TESTIMONY: "Social Security: Defining the Problem," a hearing held February 9, 2005.

Hearing testimony (.pdf and HTML format):

http://www.house.gov/budget/hearings.htm

See the 2/9 item.
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33. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH HEARING TESTIMONY: "Hearing on Medicare Payments to Physicians," a hearing held February 10, 2005.

Hearing testimony:

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/hearings.asp?formmode=detail&hearing=376

A copy of Mr. Steinwald's testimony can be found at:

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05326t.pdf

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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