Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #255--September 23, 2004

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Reports and articles:

1. Government Accountability Office Reports:

A. "Medicare: Information Needed to Assess Adequacy of Rate-Setting Methodology for Payments for Hospital Outpatient Services (GAO-04-772, September 2004, .pdf format, 32p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04772.pdf

B. "Medicare Secondary Payer: Improvements Needed to Enhance Debt Recovery Process" (GAO-04-783, August 2004, .pdf format, 27p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04783.pdf

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gaoreports/index.html
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2. Congressional Budget Office Report, Policy Brief:

A. "CBO's Projections of the Labor Force" (September 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 21p.).

http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=5803&sequence=0&from=7

Click on the "PDF" box at top right of screen for full text.

B. "How Pension Financing Affects Returns to Different Generations (CBO Long Range Fiscal Policy Brief No. 12, September 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=5822&sequence=0&from=7

Click on the "PDF" box at top right of screen for full text.
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3. DHHS NEWS RELEASE: "Nearly Two Million Low-Income Americans on Medicare to Get Drug Discount Cards" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Sep. 22, 2004).

http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2004pres/20040922a.html
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4. CMS NEWS RELEASES, DECISION MEMORANDUM:

A. "Certain Military Beneficiaries May Not Have to Pay Late Enrollment Surcharge For Medicare Part B Premiums" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services, Sep. 14, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1198

B. "CMS and JCAHO Make it Easier For Consumers to Assess Hospital Quality" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services, Sep. 15, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1201

C. "Medicare Posts Coverage Decision to Expand Coverage of PET Scans for Alzheimer's Disease" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services, Sep. 15, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1200

D. "NCA Tracking Sheet for Positron Emission Tomography (FDG) and Other Neuroimaging Devices for Suspected Dementia (CAG-00088R)" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services, Sep. 15, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/mcd/viewtrackingsheet.asp?id=104

Click on "Decision Memorandum" next to "September 15, 2004" at the bottom of the page.
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5. ADEAR ALZHEIMER'S SPEAKER'S KIT: "The US National Institute on Aging's Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center has created this speaker's kit, based on the publication _Alzheimer's Disease: Unraveling the Mystery_. It is intended as a resource for professionals, social service providers, organization leaders, and others to educate families, staff, volunteers, and others about the basics of AD and current research. We hope this kit will prove useful in developing and delivering presentations and training sessions to both lay and professional audiences. The Speaker's Kit includes: Presentation Checklist and Tips (Microsoft Word and .pdf format); 41 Slides (Microsoft PowerPoint format) that you can adapt to meet the needs of your audience or time frame; Script/Speaker's Notes for the slide show, including a description of each slide and the information to be discussed (Microsoft Word and .pdf format); and Forms for audience feedback and to request information on clinical trials (Microsoft Word and .pdf format)."

http://www.alzheimers.org/unraveling/speak_kit.html
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6. ILCUSA REPORT: "ILC Policy Report" (International Longevity Center, USA, September 2004, .pdf format, 6p.). The ILC Policy Report is "a monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad."

http://www.ilcusa.org/_lib/pdf/Sept04.pdf
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7. AARP FACT SHEET: "African Americans Age 65 and Older: Their Sources of Income" (AARP Public Policy Institute Fact Sheet 100, September 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

http://research.aarp.org/econ/fs100_aaincome.html
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8. KFF ISSUE BRIEFS AND TIME LINE:

A. "The Effect of Formularies and Other Cost Management Tools on Access to Medications: An Analysis of the MMA and Proposed Regulations," by John F. Hoadley (Kaiser Family Foundation, September 2004, .pdf format, 11p.). "This paper, by John F. Hoadley, Ph.D., of the Institute for Health Care Research and Policy at Georgetown University, looks at how formulary designs and other cost-management tools may affect Medicare beneficiaries' access to medications through their prescription drug plans. It is one in a series commissioned by the Kaiser Family Foundation that analyzes issues surrounding the implementation of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA) and the proposed regulations."

B. "Grievance and Appeals Procedures: An Analysis of the MMA and Proposed Regulations," by Sara Rosenbaum (Kaiser Family Foundation, September 2004, .pdf format, 12p.) "This paper, by Sara Rosenbaum, J.D., Director of the Center for Health Services Research and Policy at George Washington University, examines the procedures for resolving beneficiaries' grievances and appeals under the new Medicare drug benefit. It is one in a series commissioned by the Kaiser Family Foundation that analyzes issues surrounding the implementation of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA) and the proposed regulations.

C. "Issues for Medicare Beneficiaries in Long-Term Care Facilities: An Analysis of the MMA and Proposed Regulations," by Vicki Gottlich (Kaiser Family Foundation, September 2004, .pdf format, 11p.) "This paper, by Vicki Gottlich, J.D., of the Center for Medicare Advocacy, looks at issues related to the new Medicare prescription drug benefit for people with Medicare who live in nursing homes or other long-term-care settings. It is one in a series commissioned by the Kaiser Family Foundation that analyzes issues surrounding the implementation of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA) and the proposed regulations."

The page also links to "Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization Act Implementation Time Line: June 2004 - December 2006 Key Dates."

http://www.kff.org/medicare/med092004pkg.cfm
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9. URBAN INSTITUTE REPORT: "Social Security COLA Reductions Would Weaken Financial Security for the Oldest and Poorest Retirees," by Richard W. Johnson, Joshua H. Goldwyn, and Melissa Favreault (The Retirement Project No. 18, September 2004, .pdf format, 9p.). "Cutting cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) is often proposed as a way to limit Social Security costs, which will soar as the nation ages. This brief shows, however, that even modest COLA reductions would lead to substantial cuts in family income for the oldest and poorest retirees. Trimming COLAs to one-half of a percentage point below the annual percentage change in the Consumer Price Index, for example, would reduce median Social Security benefits in 2040 by 13 percent for adults ages 85 and older, and would push an additional 2 million older adults onto the bottom rungs of the income distribution."

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311063
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10. AMERICANS FOR SECURE RETIREMENT REPORT: "The New Retirement Challenge," by Jeffrey R. Brown (September 2004, .pdf format, 16p.).

http://www.paycheckforlife.org/images/ASR_whitepapers.pdf

For more information about ASR:

http://www.paycheckforlife.org/aboutus/about.htm
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11. STATISTICS CANADA REPORT: "Pension plans in Canada: January 1, 2003" (September 2004, .pdf format, 25p.). "This document presents the results of the Pension Plans in Canada Survey as of January 1, 2003. It gives a brief overview of changes over time in the participation of men and women in registered pension plans, the coverage of the labour force by these plans, membership in defined benefit and defined contribution plans, and total contributions paid into these plans. The document also briefly describes retirement compensation arrangements with an analysis covering the period 1991 to 2001."

http://www.statcan.ca:8096/bsolc/english/bsolc?catno=13F0026MIE2004001

Click on "View" for full text.
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12. CARE COMMISSION [SCOTLAND] REPORT: "Review of the quality of care homes in Scotland 2004," (September 2004, .pdf format, 43p.).

http://www.carecommission.com/CareComm.Web/InformationResources/DisplayDocument.aspx?resourceId=56&documentId=747

Click on title for full text.
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13. FACULTY OF ACTUARIES AND INSTITUTE OF ACTUARIES [UK] REPORT: "Continuous Mortality Investigation Report, No. 21," (September 2004, .pdf format, 121p.).

http://www.actuaries.org.uk/files/pdf/cmi/cmir21.pdf

Press release:

http://www.actuaries.org.uk/Display_Page.cgi?url=/pr-rels/2004/040922cmi21.html
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14. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS:

A. "Disruption of ceruloplasmin and hephaestin in mice causes retinal iron overload and retinal degeneration with features of age-related macular degeneration," by Paul Hahn, Ying Qian, Tzvete Dentchev, Lin Chen, John Beard, Zena Leah Harris, and Joshua L. Dunaief (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_ (Vol. 101, No. 38, Sep. 21, 2004, p. 13850-13855).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/38/13850?etoc

B. "A nontransgenic mouse model shows inducible amyloid-{beta} (A{beta}) peptide deposition and elucidates the role of apolipoprotein E in the amyloid cascade," by Iftach Dolev and Daniel M. Michaelson (Vol. 101, No. 38, Sep. 21, 2004, p. 13909-13914).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/38/13909?etoc
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15. _SCIENCE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Inflammatory Exposure and Historical Changes in Human Life-Spans," by Caleb E. Finch and Eileen M. Crimmins (_Science_, Vol. 305, No. 5691, Sep. 17, 2004, p. 1736-1739).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/305/5691/1736
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16. _JAMA_ ARTICLE, EDITORIAL, RESEARCH LETTER ABSTRACTS:

A. "Mediterranean Diet, Lifestyle Factors, and 10-Year Mortality in Elderly European Men and Women: The HALE Project," by Kim T.B. Knoops, Lisette C.P.G.M. de Groot, Daan Kromhout, Anne-Elisabeth Perrin, Olga Moreiras-Varela, Alessandro Menotti, and Wija A. van Staveren (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Vol. 292, No. 12, Sep. 22/29, 2004, p. 1433-1439).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/292/12/1433

B. "Walking and Dementia in Physically Capable Elderly Men," by Robert D. Abbott, Lon R. White, G. Webster Ross, Kamal H. Masaki, J. David Curb, and Helen Petrovitch (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Vol. 292, No. 12, Sep. 22/29, 2004, p. 1447-1453).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/292/12/1447

C. "Physical Activity, Including Walking, and Cognitive Function in Older Women," by Jennifer Weuve, Jae Hee Kang, JoAnn E. Manson, Monique M.B. Breteler, James H. Ware, and Francine Grodstein (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Vol. 292, No. 12, Sep. 22/29, 2004, p. 1454-1461).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/292/12/1454

D. "Global Risk Scores and Exercise Testing for Predicting All-Cause Mortality in a Preventive Medicine Program," by Mehmet K. Aktas, Volkan Ozduran, Claire E. Pothier, Richard Lang, and Michael S. Laue (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Vol. 292, No. 12, Sep. 22/29, 2004, p. 1462-1468).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/292/12/1462

E. "Diet, Lifestyle, and Longevity -- The Next Steps?" by Eric B. Rimm and Meir J. Stampfer (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Editorial extract Vol. 292, No. 12, Sep. 22/29, 2004, p. 1490-1492).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/292/12/1490

F. "Age-Related Testosterone Depletion and the Development of Alzheimer Disease," by Emily R. Rosario, Lilly Chang, Frank Z. Stanczyk, and Christian J. Pike (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Research Letter extract Vol. 292, No. 12, Sep. 22/29, 2004, p. 1431-1432).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/292/12/1431-a
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17. _NEJM_ SPECIAL ARTICLE: "Health Care in the 2004 Presidential Election," by Robert J. Blendon, Drew E. Altman, John M. Benson, and Mollyann Brodie (Vol. 351, No. 13, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1314-1322). This article is freely available to the public.

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/351/13/1314
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18. _BMJ_ ARTICLES, BOOK REVIEW:

A. "Vulnerability to winter mortality in elderly people in Britain: population based study," by Paul Wilkinson, Sam Pattenden, Ben Armstrong, Astrid Fletcher, R. Sari Kovats, Punam Mangtani, and Anthony J McMichael (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 329, No. 7467, Sep. 18, 2004, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/329/7467/647?etoc

B. "Effect of influenza vaccination on excess deaths occurring during periods of high circulation of influenza: cohort study in elderly people," by Ben G. Armstrong, Punam Mangtani, Astrid Fletcher, Sari Kovats, Anthony McMichael, Sam Pattenden, and Paul Wilkinson (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 329, No. 7467, Sep. 18, 2004, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/329/7467/660?etoc

C. "Implications of the incidence of influenza-like illness in nursing homes for influenza chemoprophylaxis: descriptive study," by Richard Harling, Andrew Hayward, and John M. Watson (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 329, No. 7467, Sep. 18, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 663-664).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/329/7467/663?etoc

D. _Women's Health in Mid-Life: A Primary Care Guide_, edited by Jo Ann Rosenfeld, reviewed by Linda Rogers and Paul D. Blumenthal (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 329, No. 7467, Sep. 18, 2004, HTML format, p. 689).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/329/7467/689-a?etoc
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19. ALTERNET ARTICLE: "The Raid on Medicare," by Kelly Hearn (Alternet Drug Reporter, Sep. 20, 2004).

http://www.alternet.org/drugreporter/19904/

For more information on Alternet:

http://www.alternet.org/about/
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20. _TIME_ ARTICLE: "Meet the Bronx Boys: Fifteen New York City kids, the subject of a lauded documentary, have stayed in touch for more than 65 years," by Barbara Isenberg (_Time_, Sep. 20, 2004).

http://www.time.com/time/generations/article/0,9171,1101040927-699415,00.html

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II. Working Papers:

21. NBER:

A. "Bulls, Bears, and Retirement Behavior," by Courtney C. Coile and Phillip B. Levine (w10779, September 2004, .pdf format, 52p.).

Abstract:

The historic boom and bust in the stock market over the past decade had the potential to significantly alter the retirement behavior of older workers. Previous research examining the impact of wealth shocks on labor supply supports the plausibility of this hypothesis. In this paper, we examine the relationship between stock market performance and retirement behavior using the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), Current Population Survey (CPS), and Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF). We first present a descriptive analysis of the wealth holdings of older households and simulate the labor supply response among stockholders necessary to generate observed patterns in retirement. We show that few households have substantial stock holdings and that they would have to be extremely responsive to market fluctuations to explain observed labor force patterns. We then exploit the unique pattern of boom and bust along with variation in stock exposure to generate a double quasi-experiment, comparing the retirement and labor force re-entry patterns over time of those more and less exposed to the market. Any difference in behavior that emerged during the boom should have reversed itself during the bust. We find no evidence that changes in the stock market drive aggregate trends in labor supply.

http://www.nber.org/papers/W10779

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "Financing Consumption in an Aging Japan: The Role of Foreign Capital Inflows in Immigration," by Robert Dekle (w10881, September 2004, .pdf format, 42p.).

Abstract:

We project the impact of demographic change on Japanese capital flows by simulating the impact of population aging on Japanese saving and investment rates. As aging depresses saving rates, in our baseline projections, we show that by 2015, foreign capital inflows will comprise about 15 percent of Japanese output. A distinguishing feature of this paper is that we compare the capital flows that occur without immigration to the capital inflows that would occur with immigration of 400,000 people annually. With the larger labor force from immigration and the larger induced capital accumulation, output will be 22 percent higher by 2020, and 50 percent higher by 2040. The higher output means that less capital needs to be imported; by 2015, Japan will be importing only 8 percent of its output.

http://www.nber.org/papers/W10781

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.
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22. Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]: "Health and Wealth of Elderly Couples: Causality Tests Using Dynamic Panel Data Models," by Pierre-Carl Michaud and Arthur van Soest (Discussion Paper 1312, September 2004, .pdf format, 48p.).

Abstract:

A positive relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and health, the so-called "health-wealth gradient", is repeatedly found in most industrialized countries with similar levels of health care technology and economic welfare. This study analyzes causality from health to wealth (health causation) and from wealth to health (wealth or social causation) for elderly couples in the US. Using six biennial waves of couples aged 51-61 in 1992 from the Health and Retirement Study, we compare the recently developed strategy using Granger causality tests of Adams et al. (2003, Journal of Econometrics) with tests for causality in dynamic panel data models incorporating unobserved heterogeneity. While Adams et al. tests reject the hypothesis of no causality from wealth to husband's or wife's health, the tests in the dynamic panel data model do not provide evidence of wealth-health causality. On the other hand, both methodologies lead to strong evidence of causal effects from both spouses' health on household wealth.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1312.pdf

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III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

23. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 160, No. 6, Sep. 15, 2004).

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol160/issue6/

24. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 39, No. 3, Nov. 2004).

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01674943

25. Experimental Aging Research (Vol. Vol. 30, No. 4, July 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.catchword.co.uk/titles/tandf/0361073X/v30n4/contp1-1.htm

26. Research on Aging (Vol. 26, No. 6, November 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://roa.sagepub.com/content/vol26/issue6/?etoc
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27. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Health and Social Work (Vol. 29, No. 3, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of Aging and Social Policy (Vol. 16, No. 3, 2004).
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28. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Sep. 22, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Sep. 22, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Sep. 22, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Sep. 22, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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IV. Books:

29. National Academies Press: _Understanding Racial and Ethnic Differences in Health in Late Life: A Research Agenda_, edited by Rodolfo A. Bulatao and Norman B. Anderson (Panel on Race, Ethnicity, and Health in Later Life, National Research Council, 2004 OpenBook format, 184p.). Note: Print copy ordering information is available at the site.

http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11036.html

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V. Legislation Information Updates:

30. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING, FORUM TESTIMONY:

A. "Breaking The Silver Ceiling: A New Generation Of Older Americans Redefining The New Rules Of The Workplace," a hearing held Sep. 20, 2004. A video transcript of the hearing is available at the site (RealPlayer format, running time 1 hour, 42 minutes, 37 seconds).

Hearing testimony (.pdf format):

http://aging.senate.gov/index.cfm?Fuseaction=Hearings.Detail&HearingID=54

B. "FORUM: Medicare Drug Discount Cards: Measuring The Savings," held Sep. 23, 2004. A video transcript of the hearing is available at the site (RealPlayer format, running time unknown as it was in progress at the time of mailing. An archived transcript will be available).

http://aging.senate.gov/index.cfm?Fuseaction=Hearings.Detail&HearingID=55

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu