Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #238--May 20, 2004

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. WHO: "Core Health Indicators by country." This interactive World Health Organization data extractor allows the user to display one or multiple countries, and any one of 32 variables from the topics of Mortality Indicators, Population, Life Expectancy, and National Health Accounts for any or all of the years from 1997-2002. Quick graphs can also be generated.

http://www3.who.ch/whosis/core/core1.cfm?path=whosis,core_indicators&language=english
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2. PANEL STUDY OF INCOME DYNAMICS CORRECTIONS:

A. "1993 PSID Core Family Data -- 1993 Date of Interview Correction File" (May 13, 2004). For more information see:

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Guide/DataNewsDet.aspx?&ID=303

B. "1994 PSID Core Family Data -- 1994 Date of Interview Correction File" (May 13, 2004). For more information see:

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Guide/DataNewsDet.aspx?&ID=304
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3. NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS NHANES (NATIONAL HEALTH AND NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY). NCHS has begun releasing the NHANES data files for 2001-02 (SAS transport format), along with complete documentation (.pdf and Microsoft Word format) and frequencies (.pdf format). Data for each individual set of files can be downloaded as one self-executing archive (.exe). Note that this is not a complete release of files, as all NHANES 2001-02 files are not yet publicly available. As more files are released, they will be available at this site.

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/nhanes/nhanes01-02.htm
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4. Luxembourg Income Study: "A major revision has been carried out for each of the German datasets based on the Socio Economic Panel (GSOEP). To know the impact of this revision, please check the revision notes : GE84, GE89, GE94, GE00." All revision notes can be found at:

http://www.lisproject.org/techdoc/ge/geindex.htm

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II. Reports and articles:

5. CENSUS BUREAU REPORTS:

A. "A Profile of Older Workers in Missouri," by Nick Carroll and Cynthia Taeuber (Local Employment Dynamics LED/OW-MO, May 2004, .pdf format, 22p.). The Report is linked to from a Census Bureau News Release: "As It Ages, Missouri's Work Force Remains on the Job" (CB04-75, May 18, 2004).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/employment_occupations/001815.html

Click on "A Profile of Older Workers in Missouri" for link to full text.

B. "A Profile of Older Workers in New Mexico," by by Nick Carroll and Cynthia Taeuber (Local Employment Dynamics LED/OW-NM, May 2004, .pdf format, 22p.). The Report is linked to from a Census Bureau News Release:"New Mexico's Older Work Force Remains on the Job" (CB04-82, May 19, 2004).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/employment_occupations/001817.html

Click on "A Profile of Older Workers in New Mexico" for link to full text.
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6. SSA PERIODICAL: _Social Security Bulletin_, Vol. 65, No. 1, 2004 (US Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/ssb/v65n1/index.html
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7. URBAN INSTITUTE REPORT: "Annuitized Wealth at Older Ages: Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study," by Richard W. Johnson, Leonard E. Burman, and Deborah Kobes (May 2004, .pdf format, 38p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=411000
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8. NCHS REPORT: "2002 National Hospital Discharge Survey," by Carol J. DeFrancis and Margaret J. Hall (US National Center for Health Statistics Advance Data From Vital and Health Statistics No. 342, May 2004, .pdf format, 32p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ad/ad342.pdf
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9. DHHS TASKFORCE PRESENTATIONS: "HHS (US Department of Health and Human Services) Task Force on Drug Importation: Stakeholder Meeting, Professional Medical Groups," a meeting held May 14, 2004 in Rockville, Maryland.

Presentations (Microsoft Word or .pdf format).

http://www.hhs.gov/importtaskforce/session6/index.html

Click on "Presentations".
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10. NIH NEWS RELEASES:

A. "Specialized Care from Hospital to Home Improves the Health of Elderly with Heart Failure, Cuts Costs to the Health Care System" (US National Institutes of Health, May 12, 2004).

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/may2004/ninr-12.htm

B. "Diabetes Linked to Increased Risk of Alzheimer's in Long-Term Study" (Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center, May 17, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.alzheimers.org/nianews/nianews65.html
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11. CMS NEWS RELEASES:

A. "Medicare Drug Discount Cards Continue to Drop Prices and Offer Better Savings" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, May 14, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1049

B. "CMS, OIG Preventing Drug Card Program From Fraud," (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, May 18, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1051

C. "CMS Announces Pilot Project to Determine Effectiveness of Hospital Compliance Programs," (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, May 18, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1053

D. "$600 Credit and Discounts Combine to Give Low-Income Medicare Beneficiaries Significant Discounts on Prescription Drugs," (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, May 19, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1056
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12. FDA NEWS RELEASE: "FDA Approves New Indication for Taxotere -- Prostate Cancer" (US Food and Drug Administration P04-55, May 19, 2004).

http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/news/2004/NEW01068.html
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13. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASE: "8,575 more aged care places for New South Wales" (May 20, 2004).

http://www.health.gov.au/mediarel/yr2004/jb/bis079.htm
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14. ASSOCIATION OF CONSULTING ACTUARIES [UK] REPORT: "2004 Smaller Firms Pensions Survey: A Divided Nation" (May 2004, .pdf format, 41p.).

http://www.aca.org.uk/Members_content/ACA_Survey_Report_2004(11May04)Final.pdf

ACA news release (Microsoft Word format, 5p.).

http://www.aca.org.uk/Public_content/Smaller_Firms_Survey_%202004_(May04).doc

More information on ACA:

http://www.aca.org.uk/
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15. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS:

A. "Similar gene expression patterns characterize aging and oxidative stress in _Drosophila melanogaster_," by Gary N. Landis, Diana Abdueva, Dmitriy Skvortsov, Junsheng Yang, Beth E. Rabin, James Carrick, Simon Tavare, and John Tower (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Vol. 101, No. 20, May 18, 2004, p. 7663-7668).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/20/7663?etoc

B. "Role for glyoxalase I in Alzheimer's disease," by Feng Chen, M. Axel Wollmer, Frederic Hoerndli, Gerald Munch, Bjorn Kuhla, Evgeny I. Rogaev, Magdalini Tsolaki, Andreas Papassotiropoulos, and Jurgen Gotz (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Vol. 101, No. 20, May 18, 2004, p. 7687-7692).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/20/7687?etoc
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16. _SCIENCE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Hereditary Early-Onset Parkinson's Disease Caused by Mutations in PINK1," by Enza Maria Valente, Patrick M. Abou-Sleiman, Viviana Caputo, Miratul M. K. Muqit, Kirsten Harvey, Suzana Gispert, Zeeshan Ali, Domenico Del Turco, Anna Rita Bentivoglio, Daniel G. Healy, Alberto Albanese, Robert Nussbaum, Rafael Gonzlez-Maldonado, Thomas Deller, Sergio Salvi, Pietro Cortelli, William P. Gilks, David S. Latchman, Robert J. Harvey, Bruno Dallapiccola, Georg Auburger, and Nicholas W. Wood (_Science_, Vol. 304, NO 5674, May 21, 2004, p. 1158-1160).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/304/5674/1158
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17. _BMJ_ NEWS ROUNDUP/_BMJ USA_ EDITORIAL, ARTICLE:

A. "Judge finds Governor Bush's law unconstitutional," by Fred Charatan (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 328, No. 7449, May 15, 2004, p. 1154).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/328/7449/1154?etoc

B. "Variability in end of life care: What does it tell us about quality?" by Diane E. Meier (_British Medical Journal USA_ Editorial, Vol. 328, No.7449, May 15, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. E296-E297).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/328/7449/E296?etoc

C. "Use of hospitals, physician visits, and hospice care during last six months of life among cohorts loyal to highly respected hospitals in the United States," by John E. Wennberg, Elliott S. Fisher, Therese A. Stukel, Jonathan S. Skinner, Sandra M. Sharp, and Kristen K. Bronner (_British Medical Journal USA_, Vol. 328, NO. 7449, May 15, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 5p.).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/328/7440/607
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18. _NEJM_ EDITORIAL, SOUNDING BOARD EXTRACT:

A. "Why Medicare Has Not Established Criteria for Coverage Decisions," by Sean R. Tunis (_New England Journal of Medicine_ Editorial, Vol. 350, No. 21, May 20, 2004, p. 2196-2198).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/extract/350/21/2196

B. "Medicare Coverage for Technological Innovations -- Time for New Criteria?" by Muriel R. Gillick (_New England Journal of Medicine_ Sounding Board, Vol. 350, No. 21, May 20, 2004, p. 2199-2203).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/extract/350/21/2199
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19. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: The following AARP _Prime Time Radio_ shows, for May 4 - May. 18, 2004, are now available (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, audio transcripts run between 24 and 30 minutes).

May 18, 2004: WWII: A New Monument In D.C.
May 18, 2004: Parents And Adult Children: Getting Along

http://www.aarp.org/leisure/radio/pt/
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20. _TIME_ ARTICLE: "Old Bones, New Hope: Two studies suggest an easier way to detect -- and treat -- osteoporosis," by Alice Park (_Time_, Vol. 163, No. 21, May 24, 2004).

http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1101040524-638420,00.html
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21. _NEWSWEEK ARTICLE: "Medicare's in Good Health," by Jane Bryant Quinn (_Newsweek, May 24, 2004).

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4988118/site/newsweek/
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III. Working Papers:

22. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN POPULATION STUDIES CENTER: "Tiebout Non-Sorting? Empty-Nest Migration and the Local Fiscal Bundle," by Martin Farnham and Purvi Sevak (PSC Research Report 04-558, May 2004, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

Using the panel Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and a national panel of local-level fiscal data, we derive a simple test of a life cycle variant of the Tiebout model. We use a difference-indifference approach to test whether moves by empty-nest households presumed to be out of fiscal equilibrium yield fiscal realignments in the expected direction. We find evidence, controlling for changes in cost of living, location characteristics, and house value, that cross state, empty-nest movers experience large fiscal gains in the form of reduced exposure to local school spending and declines in property tax liability. These gains are significantly larger than those experienced by cross-state, non-empty-nest movers. By contrast, intrastate empty-nest movers experience little fiscal adjustment, and their degree of adjustment differs little from that of non-empty-nest movers. Together, our findings suggest that while Tiebout's fiscal sorting intuition is upheld at the level of cross-state moves, intrastate movers appear constrained in their fiscal choices and unable to effectively sort. Our findings bring into question the validity of the Tiebout model as a predictor of urban and regional organization and suggest that the efficiency gains from decentralization may be small.

http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/papers/rr04-558.pdf
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23. MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH [ROSTOCK, GERMANY]:

A. "Does the impact of socioeconomic status on mortality decrease with increasing age?" by Rasmus Hoffmann (WP-2004-016, May 2004, .pdf format, 21p.).

Abstract:

The impact of SES on mortality is an established fact. I examine if this impact decreases with increasing age. Most research finds that it does so but it is unknown whether this decrease is due to mortality selection. The data I use come from the US-Health and Retirement Study, which surveyed 9376 persons aged 59 and over from 1992 to 2000. The variables allow for a time varying measurement of SES, health and behavior. Event-history-analysis is applied to analyze differences in mortality rates. My results show that socioeconomic mortality differences are stable across ages whereas they clearly decline with decreasing health. My first finding, that health rather than age is the equalizer combined with the second finding, that good health itself is unequally distributed, leads to the conclusion that in old age, the impact of SES is transferred to the health status and hence it is stable across ages.

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2004-016.pdf

B. "Hamilton's indicators of the force of selection," by Annette Baudisch (WP-2004-017, May 2004, .pdf format, 10p.).

Abstract:

Hamilton quantified the force of selection on an age-specific mutation. Hamilton's indicators of the age-specific force of selection always decline with age. This result is of profound importance to the theory of the evolution of senescence. Here I derive alternative indicators within Hamilton's framework. These indicators are as plausible and valid as Hamilton's and in some circumstances and over some age ranges they increase with age.

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2004-017.pdf
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24. UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS-AUSTIN POPULATION RESEARCH CENTER "You make me sick: Marital quality and health over the life course," by Debra Umberson, Kristi Williams, Daniel A. Powers, Hui Liu, and Belinda Needham (WP 03-05-04, 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).

Abstract:

Lab-based and clinical studies suggest that poor marital quality can undermine physical health and one recent panel survey of a rural community sample reveals a link between marital quality and self-rated health (Wickrama et al. 1997). We work from a life course perspective and identify several reasons to also expect age and gender differences in the link between marital quality and health. We provide longitudinal evidence from a national probability study that negative aspects of marital quality accelerate the typical decline in physical health trajectories over time in a representative sample of adults. We also find that these adverse effects are greater at older ages. However, the effects of marital quality on health seem to be similar for men and women across the life course.

http://www.prc.utexas.edu/working_papers/wp_pdf/03-04-05.pdf
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25. NBER: "Plan Design and 401(k) Savings Outcomes," by James J. Choi, David Laibson, and Brigitte C. Madrian (w10486, May 2004, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

We assess the impact of 401(k) plan design on four different 401(k) savings outcomes: participation in the 401(k) plan, the distribution of employee contribution rates, asset allocation, and cash distributions. We show that plan design can have an important effect on all of these savings outcomes. This suggests an important role for both employers in determining how to structure their 401(k) plans and government regulators in creating institutions that encourage or discourage particular aspects of 401(k) plan design.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W10486

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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26. US FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD FINANCE AND ECONOMICS DISCUSSION SERIES:

A. "The Effects of Technology on the Age Distribution of Health Spending: A Cross-Country Perspective," by Louise Sheiner (FEDS Discussion Series 2004-14, March 2004, .pdf format, 26p.).

Abstract:

The conventional method used to project a country's future health care expenditures is to assume that relative health spending by age remains constant. This method has been criticized as being too pessimistic, on the one hand, because of continued improvements in the health status of older people, and as too optimistic, on the other, because of the effects of technological innovations on increasing health spending on the elderly relative to the non-elderly. This paper uses cross-country data to shed light on this question. I find that, contrary to conventional wisdom, the theoretical effects of technology on health spending are to decrease the concentration of health spending on the elderly. Empirically, I find that relative health spending by age has been quite stable over time. I also find that countries with the most technologically intensive health sectors spend relatively less on the oldest old compared to the younger old.

http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2004/200414/200414abs.html

Click on "Full paper..." at the bottom of the abstract for link to full text.

B. "Medicaid's Nursing Home Coverage and Asset Transfers," by William F. Bassett (FEDS Discussion Series 2004-15, April 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).

Abstract:

Medicaid covers the costs of a long nursing home stay. This coverage may create an incentive for the elderly to transfer their assets to their children in order to qualify for Medicaid before entering a nursing home. Previous researchers had found little evidence that such behavior was widespread or that asset transfers were large. However, data from AHEAD suggest that the self-assessed probability of entering a nursing home is a significant determinant of the likelihood of making an asset transfer. The budgetary implications of these Medicaid-induced asset transfers are probably fairly small, but not insignificant.

http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2004/200415/200415abs.html

Click on "Full paper..." at the bottom of the abstract for link to full text.
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27. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Who Among White Collar Workers Has an Opportunity for Phased Retirement? Establishment Characteristics," by Robert M. Hutchens and Karen Grace-Martin (Discussion Paper 1155, May 2004, .pdf format, 37p.).

Abstract:

Utilizing a new survey of employers, this paper examines how and why establishments differ in their willingness to permit an older full-time white-collar worker to take phased retirement. Phased retirement means that an older worker remains with his or her employer while gradually reducing work hours and effort. Although older workers often express an interest in phased retirement, actual occurrences are evidently rare. A possible explanation is that employers limit opportunities for phased retirement. The survey indicates that employers are often willing to permit phased retirement, but primarily as an informal arrangement. The results also indicate that opportunities for phased retirement are greater in establishments that employ part-time white-collar workers, allow job sharing, and have flexible starting times. Opportunities tend to be more limited in establishments where white collar workers are unionized, and where the establishment is part of a larger organization.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1155.pdf
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28. UNIVERSITAT POMEU FABRA [BARCELONA, SPAIN]: "A Test of the Predictive Validity of Non-linear QALY Models Using Time Trade-off Utilities," by Jose M. Abellan, Jose Luis Pinto, Ildefonso Mendez, and Xabier Badia (Working Paper 741, 2004, .pdf format, 34p.).

Abstract:

This paper presents a test of the predictive validity of various classes of QALY models (i.e., linear, power and exponential models). We first estimated TTO utilities for 43 EQ-5D chronic health states and next these states were embedded in health profiles. The chronic TTO utilities were then used to predict the responses to TTO questions with health profiles. We find that the power QALY model clearly outperforms linear and exponential QALY models. Optimal power coefficient is 0.65. Our results suggest that TTO-based QALY calculations may be biased. This bias can be avoided using a power QALY model.

http://www.econ.upf.edu/docs/papers/downloads/741.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

29. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 159, No. 11, Jun. 1, 2004).

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol159/issue11/index.shtml?etoc
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30. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of May 19, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of May 19, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of May 19, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of May 19, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Books:

31. AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY: _New Frontiers in Geriatrics Research: An Agenda for Surgical and Related Medical Specialties_ (2004, ISBN 1-886775-11-7). Links to full text (HTML format only) are available from an AGS news release: "New Research Frontiers In Geriatrics For Surgical And Related Medical Specialties," edited by David Solomon, Joseph LoCicero III, and Ronnie Ann Rosenthal (May 19, 2004).

http://www.americangeriatrics.org/news/new_frontiers.shtml
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32. MERCK: _Merck Manual of Health and Aging_, Edited by Mark H. Beers and Thomas V. Jones (Merck, 2004). Note: purchasing information is available at the site, as are selections from the text.

http://www.merck.com/pubs/mmanual_ha/sec2/ch04/ch04a.html

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VI. Legislation Information Updates:

33. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HUMAN RESOURCES HEARING TESTIMONY: "Hearing on the Supplemental Security Income Program," a hearing held May 20, 2004).

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/hearings.asp?formmode=detail&hearing=149
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34. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY:

A. "Access to Adequate Health Insurance: How Does the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission's Recent Rule Affect Retiree Health Benefits?" a hearing held May 17, 2004 (.pdf format). Note: a video transcript (RealPlayer format) of the hearing is available at the site.

Hearing testimony:

http://aging.senate.gov/index.cfm?Fuseaction=Hearings.Detail&HearingID=45

B. "Strengthening Social Security: What Can We Learn From Other Nations?" a hearing held May 18, 2004 (.pdf format). Note: a video transcript (RealPlayer format) of the hearing is available at the site.

Hearing testimony:

http://aging.senate.gov/index.cfm?Fuseaction=Hearings.Detail&HearingID=46

C. "Health Savings Accounts and the New Medicare Law: The Face of Health Care's Future?" a nearing held May 19, 2004 (.pdf format). Note: a video transcript (RealPlayer format) of the hearing is available at the site.

Hearing testimony:

http://aging.senate.gov/index.cfm?Fuseaction=Hearings.Detail&HearingID=47

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu