Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #236--May 6, 2004

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. CENSUS BUREAU: The Bureau has updated its International Data Base (IDB) as of April 30, 2004). The IDB has expanded projections of age 100+ for selected countries and has added new data for 11 countries.

http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idbnew.html
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2. IPUMS UPDATES: The Integrated Public Use Microdata Series at the University of Minnesota has released 5 percent data for 2000, in addition to making several revisions to the 2000 and 1990 data. See the entries for Apr. 22, May 1, and May 6 2004 at:

http://www.ipums.org/usa/revisions.html

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II. Reports and articles:

3. CBO BRIEF: "Would Prescription Drug Importation Reduce U.S. Drug Spending?" (US Congressional Budget Office Economic and Budget Issue Brief, April 2004, .pdf format, 5p.).

http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=5406&sequence=0&from=7

Click on the PDF tab at at the top right of the page.
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4. CMS NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATION REVISION, NEWS RELEASES:

A. "NCD for Cardiac Pacemakers (20.8)" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, April 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 5p.).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/mcd/viewncd.asp?ncd_id=20.8&ncd_version=2&basket=ncd%3A20%2E8%3A2%3ACardiac+Pacemakers

Scroll to bottom of page for link to .pdf under "Transmittal Link".

B. "CMS Announces Changes in Criteria for Classifying Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities" (Apr. 30, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1029

C. "Medicare Announces Final Payment Changes For Long-Term Care Hospitals for Rate Year 2005" (Apr. 30, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1028

D. "Medicare Adjusts Nursing Home Payment Rates for Patients with AIDS" (May 3, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1033

E. "Medicare-Approved Drug Discount Card Delivering Discounts" (May 5, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1037
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5. AARP REPORTS, BULLETIN:

A. "A Report to the Nation on Independent Living and Disability," by Mary Jo Gibson, Marc Freiman, Steven Gregory, Enid Kassner, Andrew Kochera, Faith Mullen, Sheel Pandya, Don Redfoot, Audrey Straight and Bernadette Wright (AARP Public Policy Institute, Beyond 50.03, April 2004, .pdf format, 213p.).

http://research.aarp.org/il/beyond_50_il.html

B. "A Report to the Nation on Consumers in the Marketplace," by George Gaberlavage, Sharon Hermanson, Christopher Baker, Kellie K. Kim-Sung, Neal Walters, Mitja Ng-Baumhackl, Ann McLarty Jackson, and Gabriel Montes (AARP Public Policy Institute, Beyond 50.04, May 2004, .pdf format, 123p.).

http://research.aarp.org/consume/beyond_50_cons.html

C. Selected articles from May 2004, _AARP Bulletin_ have been made available.

http://www.aarp.org/bulletin/toc/Articles/tableofcontents.html

Note: Selections from previous issues can be accessed via the drop down menu on the right side of the page.
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6. ILCUSA REPORT: "ILC Policy Report" (International Longevity Center, USA, May 2004, .pdf format, 6p.). The ILC Policy Report is "a monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad."

http://www.ilcusa.org/_lib/pdf/May%2004.pdf
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7. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUES IN BRIEF:"Population Aging: It's Not Just the Baby Boom," by Alicia H. Munnell (IB #16, March 2004, .pdf format, 7p.). "The retirement of the baby boom - those people born between 1946 and 1964 - is almost upon us. The leading edge of this famous cohort turns 62 in 2008. With the aging of the baby boom, the population of the nation is about to gray rapidly over the next three decades. The purpose of the brief is to put the baby boom and its impact on population aging in perspective. Specifically, the baby boom is not the reason for the aging of the population; the aging is the result of long-term trends of increasing longevity and declining fertility. The bust/boom/bust pattern in fertility rates that resulted in the baby boom simply changes the path to an older society. Thus, the baby boom is not "a pig in a python," a somewhat graphic metaphor frequently used to suggest that the large cohort is just passing through, and life will return to normal once the last member dies. Rather, the nation is facing a permanent change in its demographic profile."

http://www.bc.edu/centers/crr/ib_16.shtml
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8. WORLD BANK REPORT: "Keeping the Promise of Old Age Income Security in Latin America: Pension Reform in Latin America is Incomplete - Greater Access is Needed to Prevent Poverty in Old Age" (November 2003, .pdf format).

http://wbln1018.worldbank.org/LAC/LAC.nsf/ECADocbyUnid/146EBBA3371508E785256CBB005C29B4?Opendocument
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9. OECD NEWS RELEASE: "Countries Face Slow Growth and Escalating Welfare Bills, unless Older Workers Remain Active" (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Apr. 23, 2004).

http://www.oecd.org/document/26/0,2340,en_2649_37435_2507802_1_1_1_37435,00.html
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10. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND WELFARE REPORT: "Community Aged Care Packages Census 2002" (Aged Care Statistics Series No. 17, May 2004, .pdf, with tables in Microsoft Excel format, 155p.). "This report summarises the data collected in the census of the Community Aged Care Packages (CACP) Program conducted by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) during the period 16 September 2002 to 14 October 2002. The aim of the project, conducted for the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, was to gather data about CACP recipients, the assistance that they receive and providers of CACP assistance, to provide an information base for planning and policy development."

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm?type=detail&id=10003
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11. PRB REPORTS:

A. "The Aging of Appalachia," by John Haaga (Population Reference Bureau, April 2004, .pdf format, 24p.).

http://www.prb.org/pdf04/AgingofAppalachia.pdf

B. "U.S. Growing Bigger, Older, and More Diverse," by Paola Scommegna (Population Reference Bureau, April 2004).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/04_Articles/U_S__Growing_Bigger,_Older,_and_More_Diverse.htm

C. "Grandparent Responsibilities on the Rise," by Charles Dervarics (Population Reference Bureau, April 2004).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/04_Articles/Grandparent_Responsibilities_on_the_Rise.htm
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12. ADEAR NEWS RELEASE: "'Enhanced' Counseling, Support Interventions Slash Long-Term Risk of Depression among AD Caregivers" (Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center, May 1, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.alzheimers.org/nianews/nianews64.html
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13. KFF MEDICARE TUTORIAL: "The New Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit: An Overview," by Tricia Neuman (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2004, HTML and Microsoft PowerPoint format). Note: The HTML version of the tutorial is accompanied by audio.

http://www.kaiseredu.org/Tutorials/index.cfm

Scroll to "The New Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit: An Overview"
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14. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS:

A. "Selective vulnerability of dentate granule cells prior to amyloid deposition in PDAPP mice: Digital morphometric analyses," by Chi-Cheng Wu, Faisal Chawla, Dora Games, Russell E. Rydel, Stephen Freedman, Dale Schenk, Warren G. Young, John H. Morrison, and Floyd E. Bloom (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 18, May 4, 2004, p. 7141-7146).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/18/7141?etoc

B. "Imaging correlates of brain function in monkeys and rats isolates a hippocampal subregion differentially vulnerable to aging," by Scott A. Small, Monica K. Chawla, Michael Buonocore, Peter R. Rapp and Carol A. Barnes (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 18, May 4, 2004, p. 7181-7186).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/18/7181?etoc

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15. _BMJ_ NEWS: "Living wills will have to specify treatments that patient is refusing," by Clare Dyer (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 328, No. 7447, May 1, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1035).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/328/7447/1035-c?etoc

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III. Working Papers:

16. NBER:

A. "Models for Anchoring and Acquiesence Bias in Consumption Data," by Arthur van Soest and Michael Hurd (w10461, May 2004, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

Item non-response in household survey data on economic variables such as income, assets or consumption is a well-known problem. Follow-up unfolding bracket questions have been used as a tool to collect partial information on respondents that do not answer an open-ended question. It is also known, however, that mistakes are made in answering such unfolding bracket questions. In this paper, we develop several limited dependent variable models to analyze two sources of mistakes, anchoring and acquiescence (or yea-saying), focusing on the first bracket question. We use the experimental module of the AHEAD 1995 data, where the sample is randomly split into respondents who get an open-ended question on the amount of total family consumption - with follow-up unfolding brackets (of the form: is consumption $X or more?) for those who answer immediately directed to unfolding brackets. In both cases, the entry point of the unfolding bracket sequence is randomized. We compare models in which the probability of a mistake depends on the deviation between the true consumption amount and the entry point amount $X and models in which it does not. We find that allowing for acquiescence bias substantially changes the conclusions on the selective nature of non-response to the open-ended question and on the distribution of consumption expenditures in the population. Once acquiescence bias is taken into account, anchoring in the first bracket question plays only a minor role.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W10461

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the page.

B. "A Test for Anchoring and Yea-Saying in Experimental Consumption Data," by Arthur van Soest and Michael Hurd (w10462, May 2004, .pdf format, 33p.).

Abstract:

In the experimental module of the AHEAD 1995 data, the sample is randomly split into respondents who get an open-ended question on the amount of total family consumption - with follow-up unfolding brackets (of the form: is consumption $X or more?) for those who answer don't know' or refuse' - and respondents who are immediately directed to unfolding brackets. In both cases, the entry point of the unfolding bracket sequence is randomized. These data are used to develop a nonparametric test for whether people make mistakes in answering the first bracket question, allowing for any type of selection into answering the open-ended question or not. Two well-known types of mistakes are considered: anchoring and yea-saying (or acquiescence). While the literature provides ample evidence that the entry point in the first bracket question serves as an anchor for follow-up bracket questions, it is less clear whether the answers to the first bracket question are already affected by anchoring. We reject the joint hypothesis of no anchoring and no yea-saying at the entry point. Once yea-saying is taken into account.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W10462

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the page.
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17. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH: "Large, Small, International: Equity Portfolio Choices in a Large 401(k) Plan," by Julie Agnew and Pierluigi Balduzzi (WP-2004-14, May 2004, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

We examine equity portfolio choices of a panel of over four thousand 401(k) investors during the April 1994-August 1998 period. In the majority of participant/year observations all the equity funds available are held; hence, it appears that most participants take full advantage of the diversification opportunities within the plan. Older investors hold more U.S. large equities and less international equities, consistent with more conservative investment on their part. There is also a positive trend in allocations to domestic equities at the expense of foreign equities, consistent with a revision of mean return estimates over the sample.

http://www.bc.edu/centers/crr/wp_2004-14.shtml
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18. CEPS/INSTEAD (Center for Population, Poverty, and Public Policy Studies/International Networks for Studies in Technology, Environment, Alternatives, Development) [Differdange, Luxembourg]: "Social and Economic Circumstances of Sex Differentials in Poor Health of Elderly Population," by Hristo Maleshkov (Integrated Research Infrastructure in the Socio-Economic Sciences [IRISS] Working Paper 2004-06, April 2004, .pdf format, 23p.).

Abstract:

The goal of this paper is to improve our knowledge about the changes that occur in the health of people near pension age and above in the countries of the European Union. We focus on the gender differentials in the poor health transitions of the elderly population and especially the impact of the social and economic circumstances. We examine whether or not the pattern of transition to bad health status is the same for men and women, what are the circumstances that determine their behaviour and in the same time have significant influence on the European Union countries population. Our findings show that bad health can be restricted predominantly within most advanced ages and in this way is possible to improve the quality of life both for males and females. The study shows the adequacy of social and economic factors for the transitions to poor health. The income variables are significant predictors for the change of health status to poor health of elderly men and women. Belonging to the highest two income quintiles is significant for men and not for women. Some possible new strategies concern further development of policies that aim is to decrease the female disadvantage during the period of poor health transition by removing the inequality of the social and economic conditions of life between men and women.

http://ideas.repec.org/p/irs/iriswp/2004-06.html

Click on "download the selected file" at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

19. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 159, No. 10, May 15, 2004).

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol159/issue10/index.shtml?etoc

20. Journals of Gerontology (A): Biological and Medical Sciences (Vols. 59, Nos. 5, May 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

http://biomed.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol59/issue5/index.shtml?etoc

21. Journal of Health Economics (Vol. 23, No. 3, May 2004).

http://www1.elsevier.com/homepage/sae/econworld/econbase/jhe/frame.htm

Click on "ScienceDirect Full Text & Abstracts" for link to table of contents.

22. Population and Development Review (Vol. 30, No. 1, March 2004).

http://www.popcouncil.org/publications/pdr/vol30_1.html
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23. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

American Economic Review (Vol. 94, No. 1, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

International Journal of Ageing and Human Development (Vol. 57, No. 2, 2003).

Journal of Aging and Health (Vol. 16, No. 3, June 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of Aging and Physical Activity (Vol. 12, No. 2, 2004).

Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect (Vol. 14, No. 4, 2002).

Journal of Gerontological Social Work (Vol. 41, No. 1/2, 2004).

Medical Care Research and Review (Vol. 61, No. 2, June 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Social Work (Vol. 49, No. 2, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.
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24. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of May 5, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of May 5, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of May 5, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of May 5, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Funding/Employment Opportunities:

25. NASI FUNDING OPPORTUNITY: "John Heinz Dissertation Award" (National Academy of Social Insurance, application deadline, Jul. 31, 2004). "Any dissertation addressing topics relevant to the planning and implementation of social insurance policy is eligible for nomination. This might include analysis of long-term care financing, the labor market effects of Social Security, cross-national comparisons and family social insurance protections. Nominations are encouraged from many disciplines and professions, including, but not limited to, actuarial science, economics, health policy, history, philosophy, political science, social work, and sociology." For more information see:

http://www.nasi.org/info-url_nocat3815/info-url_nocat_show.htm?doc_id=149375

More information on NASI:

http://www.nasi.org/info-url_nocat2708/info-url_nocat.htm
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26. US ADMINISTRATION ON AGING EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY: "Aging Services Program Officer (Managed Care), GS-101-15 (Announcement No. HHS-AOA-2004-0009).

http://www.aoa.gov/about/jobs/jobs.asp

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VI. Legislation Information Updates:

27. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH HEARING TESTIMONY: "Physician Fee Schedule: A Review of the Current Medicare Payment System," a hearing held May 5, 2004. Note: A video transcript (RealPlayer format) of the entire hearing is also available at the site: running time: 1 hour 15 minutes, 29 seconds.

Hearing testimony:

http://energycommerce.house.gov/108/Hearings/05052004hearing1263/hearing.htm
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28. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE COMPENDIUM: _Green Book: 2004_ (.pdf format) has been released by the House Ways and Means Committee. "The Green Book provides updated data on major programs within the Committees jurisdiction, as well as related programs and issues. Compiled by the Ways and Means staff with the assistance of the Congressional Research Service and various Federal agencies, since its first publication in 1981 the Green Book has become an important reference guide for legislators, program administrators, scholars, and interested citizens. The 2004 edition contains over 500 detailed tables and charts and spans more than 1,500 pages, providing detailed data on Medicare, Social Security, tax expenditures, trade, welfare, poverty, the elderly, and children and families, among other issues and programs." Of special interest to researchers may be specific chapters on Social Security, Medicare, the Pension Benefit Guarantee Corporation, along with appendices on "Data on the Elderly," "Health Status and Expenditures of the Elderly, and Background Data on Long-Term Care," "Medicare Payment Policies," and"Medicare Payment Policies." The _Green Book_ is split into .pdf chapters for ease of download.

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/Documents.asp?section=813

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VII. Websites of Interest:

29. CMS PRESCRIPTION DRUG AND ASSISTANCE PROGRAM INTERACTIVE SEARCH: "This [site] provides information on public and private programs that offer discounted or free medication, programs that provide help with other health care costs, and Medicare health plans that include prescription coverage."

http://medicare.gov/AssistancePrograms/home.asp
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30. AOA:

A. "You Can: Steps to Healthier Aging." "The [US] Administration on Aging (AoA) announced its national outreach campaign geared to promoting better nutrition and physical activity for seniors." For more information see:

http://www.aoa.gov/youcan/

B. "Older Americans Month 2004." "The U.S. Administration on Aging (AoA) is pleased to introduce the Older Americans Month "Aging Well, Living Well" Program Champion initiative. During the month of May, AoA is spotlighting programs in local communities around this country that assist older Americans in their quest to age and live well."

http://www.aoa.gov/press/oam/oam.asp

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu