Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #235--April 29, 2004

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Reports and articles:

1. CBO REPORT: "Financing Long-Term Care for the Elderly," (Congressional Budget Office, April 2004, .pdf format, 43p.).

ftp://ftp.cbo.gov/54xx/doc5400/04-26-LongTermCare.pdf
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2. CMMS NEWS RELEASES:

A. "Medicare Beneficiaries Warned about Drug Card Scams," (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, April 22, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1018

B. "Medicare Implements New Steps to Prevent Drug Card Fraud," (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, April 22, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1017

C. "Critical Access Hospitals Permitted to Establish Psychiatric and Rehabilitation Units," (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, April 22, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1021

D. "Medicare Announces New Initiatives on Power Wheelchair Coverage and Payment Policy," (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, April 28, 2004).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=1023
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3. SSA REPORT: "Social Security International Update: April 2004" (US Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/intl_update/2004-04/2004-04.pdf
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4. DHHS OIE REPORT: "A Comparison of Prices for Power Wheelchairs in the Medicare Program," (US Department of Health and Human Service, Office of the Inspector General, OEI-03-03-00460, April 2004, .pdf format, 17p.).

The inspection found that the median purchase prices for both consumers and suppliers were lower than the Medicare reimbursement amount for K0011 power wheelchairs. While there was a wide range of prices collected, 94 percent of the prices were less than the Medicare reimbursement amount. Medicare and its beneficiaries could have saved over $224 million in 2002, if the K0011 power wheelchair reimbursement amount was set at the median prices available to consumers and suppliers. In order for CMS to determine whether the reimbursement amount for K0011 power wheelchairs is appropriate, OIG recommended that CMS create a new coding system for K0011 power wheelchairs that accounts for the variety in models and prices for power wheelchairs and/or use the pricing information in this report to determine whether an inherent reasonableness review for K0011 power wheelchairs is appropriate. CMS believes our recommendation regarding coding warrants further consideration. CMS agreed with our recommendation that it consider using its inherent reasonableness authority to reduce the reimbursement amount for K0011 power wheelchairs.

http://oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-03-03-00460.pdf
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5. HHS NEWS RELEASE:

A. "HHS Works To Educate Seniors About Savings From New Drug Discount Cards," (US Department of Health and Human Services, April 28, 2004).

http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2004pres/20040428.html

B. "Medicare Triples Call Center Representatives to Provide Personal Assistance to Callers," (US Department of Health and Human Services, April 29, 2004).

http://www.dhhs.gov/news/press/2004pres/20040428a.html
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6. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT:

A. "Dissecting the pathological effects of human A{beta}40 and A{beta}42 in Drosophila: A potential model for Alzheimer's disease," by Koichi Iijima, Hsin-Ping Liu, Ann-Shyn Chiang, Stephen A. Hearn, Mary Konsolaki, and Yi Zhong (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 17, April 27, 2004, .pdf and HTML format, p. 6623-6628).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/17/6623

B. "Tob deficiency superenhances osteoblastic activity after ovariectomy to block estrogen deficiency-induced osteoporosis," by Michihiko Usui, Yutaka Yoshida, Kunikazu Tsuji, Kaoru Oikawa, Kohei Miyazono, Isao Ishikawa, Tadashi Yamamoto, Akira Nifuji, and Masaki Noda (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 17, April 27, 2004, .pdf and HTML format, p. 6653-6658).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/17/6653

C. "Long-term calorie restriction is highly effective in reducing the risk for atherosclerosis in humans," by Luigi Fontana, Timothy E. Meyer, Samuel Klein, and John O. Holloszy (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 17, April 27, 2004, .pdf and HTML format, p. 6659-6663).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/17/6659

D. "11{beta}-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase inhibition improves cognitive function in healthy elderly men and type 2 diabetics," by Thekkepat C. Sandeep, Joyce L. W. Yau, Alasdair M. J. MacLullich, June Noble, Ian J. Deary, Brian R. Walker, and Jonathan R. Seckl (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 17, April 27, 2004, .pdf and HTML format, p. 6734-6739).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/17/6734

E."Evidence for two distinct binding sites for tau on microtubules," by Victoria Makrides, Michelle R. Massie, Stuart C. Feinstein, and John Lew (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 17, April 27, 2004, .pdf and HTML format, p. 6746-6751).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/17/6746
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7. _JAMA_ REVIEW ABSTRACT: "Effect of Vitamin D on Falls: A Meta-analysis," by Heike A. Bischoff-Ferrari, Bess Dawson-Hughes, Walter C. Willett, Hannes B. Staehelin, Marlet G. Bazemore, Robert Y. Zee, and John B. Wong (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 291, No. 16, April 28, 2004, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1999-2006).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/291/16/1999
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8. ASSOCIATION OF BRITISH INSURERS REPORT: "Young People and Pensions: Attitudes Towards Saving," (ABI, April 2004, .pdf format, 12p.).

http://www.abi.org.uk/Display/File/364/ABI_Young_Savers_4.pdf
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9. CENTER FOR STRATEGIC AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES REPORT: "The Graying of the Middle Kingdom: The Demographics and Economics of Retirement Policy in China," by Richard Jackson and Neil Howe (CSIS, April 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).

http://www.csis.org/gai/GrayingKingdom.pdf
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10. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION ISSUE PAPER: "The Medicare Prescription Drug Discount Card Program: Implications for Low-income Medicare Beneficiaries," (Kaiser Family Foundation, April 2004, .pdf format, 11p.). Note: "This Issue Paper describes the discount card and low-income assistance programs and discusses their implications for low-income Medicare beneficiaries and state Medicaid programs."

http://www.kff.org/medicaid/7072.cfm

Follow link to "Issue Paper".
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11. HHS DRUG IMPORTATION TASK FORCE HEARING STATEMENTS: "International and Academic Perspectives Stakeholder Meeting," a meeting held April 27, 2004.

Hearing presentations (.pdf and PowerPoint format):

http://www.hhs.gov/importtaskforce/session4/presentations.html
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12. MEDICARE PAYMENT ADVISORY COMMISSION HEARING TRANSCRIPT: On April 22 and 23, 2004 the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission held a public meeting. The transcript (.pdf format) for the meeting can be found at:

http://www.medpac.gov/public_meetings/transcripts/0404_allcombined_transcripts.pdf
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13. AMERICAN GERIATRIC SOCIETY REPORT: "Geriatric Medicine: A Clinical Imperative for an Aging Population," (American Geriatric Society/Association of Directors of Geriatric Academic Programs, April 2004, .pdf format, 19p.).

http://www.americangeriatrics.org/news/WrittenReport.pdf

Press Release:

http://www.americangeriatrics.org/news/adgap_release042704.shtml

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II. Working Papers:

14. INSTITUTE FOR FISCAL STUDIES [UK]: "Can the retirement consumption puzzle be solved? Evidence from UK panel data," by Sarah Smith (Institute for Fiscal Studies WP04/07, March 2004, .pdf format, 30p.).

Abstract:

This paper uses UK panel data to shed further light on the fall in spending at retirement (the 'retirement-consumption puzzle'). It compares the profiles of spending and well-being at retirement for different groups, defined according to whether retirement is voluntary or involuntary. Where retirement is voluntary, food spending and individual well-being are largely smoothed through retirement; where retirement is involuntary, both food spending and well-being fall. This is consistent with the retirement consumption puzzle being linked to negative wealth shocks. However, there remains one group for whom retirement appears to be voluntary, yet whose spending falls. Fully resolving the puzzle requires a better understanding of how the nature of retirement links to spending and of how different groups substitute leisure for consumption.

http://www.ifs.org.uk/workingpapers/wp0407.pdf
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15. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE: "An Analysis of How Individuals React to Market Returns in One 401(k) Plan," by Julie Agnew (WP 2004-13, April 2004, .pdf format, 31p.).

Abstract:

Using a unique dataset of 401(k) trades, this paper's results suggest that in most cases only equity fund outflows, not inflows, are significantly related to their own past fund returns. Also, the strong correlation between flows and lagged returns is only significant when fund returns are extremely low. Furthermore, most trades (48 percent) are either from equities to risk-free assets, or vice versa. Finally, it is only the flows from equities to GICs that show a strong correlation with one-day lagged returns. This suggests that many trades are "flights to safety" not return chasing.

http://www.bc.edu/centers/crr/papers/wp_2004-13.pdf
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16. MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH: "The Contextual Database of the Generations and Gender Program: Overview, Conceptual Framework and the Link to the Generations and Gender Survey," by Martin Spielauer (WP-2004-014, April 2004, .pdf format, 26p.).

Abstract:

This paper follows two aims. First it intends to give an overview of the contextual database of the Generations and Gender Program and how it is linked to the Generations and Gender Survey. Secondly, it provides a documentation of the approaches taken towards the conceptual definition and construction of the database. The document consists of two parts. The first gives a brief description of the underlying ideas of the database and the approach taken in order to develop its conceptual framework and construct the database. The second part is a note on the link between the Generations and Gender Survey and the contextual database. Starting from the GGS questionnaire, the main interfaces between micro data and contextual domains are investigated.

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2004-014.pdf

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III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

17. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 159, No. 9, May 1, 2004).

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol159/issue9/index.shtml

18. American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 94, No. 5, May 1, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

19. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences (Vol. 59, No. 3, May 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

http://psychsoc.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol59/issue3/index.shtml
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20. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal (Vol. 32, No. 4, June 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

Journal of Adult Development (Vol. 11, No. 2, April 2004).

Journal of the American Geriatics Society (Vol. 52, No. 5, 2004).

Journal of Applied Gerontology (Vol. 23, No. 2, June 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

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21. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of April 28, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of April 28, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of April 28, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of April 28, 2004:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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IV. Funding Opportunities:

22. NIH: "Heterogeneity of Fat Depots: Underlying Basis and Association with Morbidity," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, PA-04-098, April 22, 2004).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-04-098.html

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V. Legislation Information Updates:

23. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "Assistive Technologies for Independent Aging: Opportunities and Challenges," a hearing held April 27, 2004.

Hearing testimony (.pdf format and RealPlayer format):

http://aging.senate.gov/index.cfm?Fuseaction=Hearings.Detail&HearingID=44
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24. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE HEARING TESTIMONY: "Taking the Taxpayers for a Ride: Fraud and Abuse in the Power Wheelchair Program," a hearing held April 28, 2004.

Hearing testimony:

http://finance.senate.gov/sitepages/hearing042804.htm
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25. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE SUBCOMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND PHARMACEUTICALS HEARING TESTIMONY: The Subcommittee on International Trade and Pharmaceuticals held a hearing on April 27, 2004.

Hearing testimony (.pdf format):

http://finance.senate.gov/sitepages/hearing042704.htm
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26. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE HEARING TRANSCRIPT: "Challenges Facing the Medicaid Program in the 21st Century," a hearing held October 8, 2003 (Serial No. 108-58, .pdf and ASCII text format, 260p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house/house05ch108.html

Scroll down to or "find in page" "108-58" (without the quotes).

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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