Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #208--October 16, 2003

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. NCHS: "Trends in Health and Aging" (US Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health Statistics) has recently updated this data extractor, adding the topics of: Health Care Insurance; Mental Health" (under the topic "Health Status and Chronic Conditions"); and"Incontinence" (under "Special Topics"). Trends uses Beyond 20/20 extraction software.

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/agingact.htm
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2. SSI:

A. "SSI Monthly Statistics, September 2003" (US Social Security Administration, October 2003).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_monthly/2003-09/index.html

B. "OASDI Monthly Statistics, September 2003" (US Social Security Administration, October 2003).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/oasdi_monthly/2003-09/index.html

C. "Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) Public-Use Microdata File, 2001 Data" (US Social Security Administration, October 2003, .zip compressed SAS format, with documentation in .pdf format)."Information needed to administer the OASDI program resides on SSA's Master Beneficiary Record (MBR) file, which in December 2001 contained records for approximately 46 million individuals who were entitled to receive an OASDI benefit for that month. The OASDI Public-Use Microdata File contains an extract of data fields from the MBR and consists of a 1 percent random, representative sample of persons entitled to receive an OASDI benefit payment for December 2001. This file contains approximately 460,000 records, with 16 data fields on each record."

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/microdata/mbr/index.html

D. "Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Public-Use Microdata File, 2001 Data" (US Social Security Administration, October 2003, .zip compressed SAS format, with documentation in .pdf format). "Information needed to administer the federal SSI program resides on SSA's Supplemental Security Record (SSR) file, which in December 2001 contained records for approximately 6.4 million individuals who received a federal SSI benefit for that month. The SSI Public-Use Microdata File contains an extract of data fields from the SSR and consists of a 5 percent random, representative sample of persons who received a federal SSI benefit in December 2001. This file contains approximately 320,000 records, with 13 data fields on each record."

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/microdata/ssr/index.html

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II. Reports and articles:

3. CENSUS BUREAU CENSUS 2000 BRIEF: "Grandparents Living With Grandchildren: 2000," by Tavia Simmons and Jane Lawler Dye (Census 2000 Brief C2KBR-31, October 2003, .pd format, 10p.). The census brief is linked to from a Census Bureau news release: "Skipped Generation" Households: One-Third of Grandparents Who Care for Grandchildren Live in Households With No Parents Present (Oct. 16, 2003).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/census_2000/001442.html

Click on "Grandparents Living With Grandchildren: 2000" for full text.
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4. AOA REPORT, NEWS RELEASE:

A. "A Profile of Hispanic Older Americans Aged 65+" (US Administration on Aging, 2003, .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.aoa.gov/prof/Statistics/minority_aging/Facts-on-Hispanic-Elderly.pdf

B. "AoA and FDA [US Food and Drug Administration] Focus Disease Prevention Initiative Toward Older Hispanic Americans (Oct. 16, 2003).

http://www.aoa.gov/press/pr/2003/10_Oct/aoa_10_16_03.asp
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5. HHS NEWS RELEASE: "HHS Announces Medicare Premium and Deductible Rates for 2004" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Oct. 16, 2003).

http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2003pres/20031016.html
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6. CDC _MMWR_ ARTICLE: "Public Health and Aging: Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Adults Aged >50 Years and Pneumococcal Vaccination Coverage Among Adults Aged >65 Years --- United States, 2002" (US Centers for Disease Control, _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Review_, Vol. 52, No. 41, Oct. 17, 2003, HTML and .pdf format, p. 987-992).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5241a3.htm

.pdf:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5241.pdf
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7. CMS DECISION MEMOS:

A. "Decision Memo for Acupuncture for Osteoarthritis (CAG-00175N)" (US Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Oct. 10, 2003).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/mcd/viewtrackingsheet.asp?id=84

B. "NCA Tracking Sheet for Acupuncture for Fibromyalgia (CAG-00174N)" (US Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Oct. 10, 2003).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/mcd/viewtrackingsheet.asp?id=83

Note: The decision memos can be found linked at the bottom of each page (tracking sheet).
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8. NCI LETROZOLE QUESTION AND ANSWER: "Questions and Answers: Clinical Trial Comparing Letrozole (Femara) to Placebo Following Tamoxifen Therapy to Reduce the Risk of Cancer Recurrence Among Post-Menopausal Women Originally Diagnosed with Early-Stage Breast Cancer" (US National Cancer Institute, Oct. 9, 2003).

http://cancer.gov/newscenter/pressreleases/letrozoleQandA

Related US National Institutes of Health News Release: "New Treatment Significantly Improves Long-term Outlook For Breast Cancer Survivors: International clinical trial concludes women should consider taking letrozole after five years of tamoxifen treatment to continue to reduce risk of recurrence" (Oct. 9, 2003).

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/oct2003/nci-09.htm
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9. KFF ISSUE PAPER: "Out-of-Pocket Cost-Sharing Obligations for Low-Income Medicare Beneficiaries Under the House and Senate Prescription Drug Bills" (Kaiser Family Foundation Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, October 2003, .pdf format, 11p.). "This issue paper provides information on the out-of-pocket expenses for prescription drugs that low-income individuals would face under the Senate versus the House Medicare prescription drug benefit legislation."

http://www.kff.org/content/2003/4147/
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10. AUSTRALIA DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASE: "3.4 Million Dollars To Help Older West Australians With Disabilities and Dementia" (Oct. 15, 2003).

http://www.health.gov.au/mediarel/yr2003/jb/jb03002.htm
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11. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Gene expression profiling in Werner syndrome closely resembles that of normal aging," by Kasper J. Kyng, Alfred May, Steen Kolvraa, and Vilhelm A. Bohr (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 21, Oct. 14, 2003, p. 12259-12264).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/21/12259?etoc
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12. _JAMA_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Exercise Plus Behavioral Management in Patients With Alzheimer Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial," by Linda Teri, Laura E. Gibbons, Susan M. McCurry, Rebecca G. Logsdon, David M. Buchner, William E. Barlow, Walter A. Kukull, Andrea Z. LaCroix, Wayne McCormick, and Eric B. Larson (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 290, No. 15, Oct. 15, 2003, p. 2015-2022).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/290/15/2015
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13. _NEJM_ ARTICLE EXTRACT: "Primary Progressive Aphasia-A Language-Based Dementia," by M.-Marsel Mesulam (_New England Journal of Medicine_, Vol. 349, No. 16, Oct. 16, 2003, p. 1535-1542).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/short/349/16/1535?query=TOC
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14. _BMJ_ EDITORIAL, NEWS EXTRA, ARTICLES, PRESS REVIEW:

A. "Taking hormone replacement therapy: Women and health professionals should make the decision jointly and review it periodically" (_British Medical Journal_ Editorial, Vol. 327, No. 7419, Oct. 11, 2003, HTML and .pdf format, p. 820-821).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/327/7419/820?etoc

B. "Forty per cent of carers have illness or disability," by Andrew Iles (_British Medical Journal_ News Extra, Vol. 327, No. 7419, Oct. 11, 2003, p. 832).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/327/7419/832-j?etoc

C. "Managing multiple morbidity in mid-life: a qualitative study of attitudes to drug use," by Anne Townsend, Kate Hunt, and Sally Wyke (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 327, No. 7419, Oct. 11, 2003, HTML and .pdf format, 6p.).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/327/7419/837?etoc

D. "Changes in use of hormone replacement therapy after the report from the Women's Health Initiative: cross sectional survey of users," by Beverley Lawton, Sally Rose, Deborah McLeod, and Anthony Dowell (_British Medical Journal_ Primay Care, Vol. 327, No. 7419, Oct. 11, 2003, HTML and .pdf format, p. 845-846).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/327/7419/845?etoc

E. "Heat wave in France: how did the media treat the crisis?" by Laurent Boyer, Stephane Robitail, and Pascal Auquier (_British Medical Journal_ Press Review, Vol. 327, No. 7419, Oct. 11, 2003, p. 876).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/327/7419/876?etoc
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15. MEDSCAPE ARTICLES: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "The Medicare Drug Benefit Debate," by Daniel B. Moskowitz (_Drug Benefit Trends_, Vol. 15, No. 8, 2003, p. 16-17, via Medscape).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/461427?mpid=19555

B. "Cigarette Smoking and Cognitive Decline in Midlife: Evidence From a Prospective Birth Cohort Study," by Marcus Richards, Martin J. Jarvis, Neil Thompson, and Michael E.J. Wadsworth (_American Journal of Public Health_, Vol. 93, No. 6, 2003, p. 994-998, via Medscape).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/461373?mpid=19555
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16. AARP _PRIME TIME RADIO_: The following AARP _Prime Time Radio_ shows, covering Sep. 16 - Oct. 14, 2003, are now available (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, audio transcripts run between 24 and 30 minutes).

Oct. 7, 2003: Alzinfo.org

http://www.aarp.org/leisure/radio/pt/

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III. Working Papers:

17. NBER: "Retirement Effects of Proposals by the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security," by Alan L. Gustman, and Thomas L. Steinmeier (National Bureau of Economic Research w10030, October 2003, .pdf format, 47p.).

Abstract:

A structural dynamic model of retirement and saving is used to simulate the retirement effects of proposals made by the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security. Provisions reducing the growth in real benefits and increasing actuarial incentives to work reduce retirements. They more than offset increases in retirements caused by individual accounts, increased benefits for low wage workers and survivors, and reductions in the top AIME bracket. By 2075, the Commission's proposals would reduce retirements at age 62 by roughly 4 percentage points, mitigating an 8.7 percentage point trend to earlier retirement projected to reassert itself after its recent interruption.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W10030

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.
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18. WHARTON SCHOOL [UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA] PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL:

A. "Defined Benefit Pension Plan Liabilities and International Asset Allocation," by Tongxuan Yang (WP 2003-5, 2003, .pdf format, 31p.).

Abstract:

Despite the integration of international capital markets and the relaxation of capital controls, U.S. defined benefit pension plans do not sufficiently diversify their assets across international holdings. In this paper, we explore whether incorporating liabilities in the asset allocation decision can help explain pension plans home bias. We find that incorporating pension liabilities proves not to explain pension plan home bias in the case when returns are nominal. Furthermore, when we focus on real returns, incorporating pension plan liabilities makes the home bias puzzle worse. The fact remains that U.S. defined benefit pension plans could benefit substantially from more international investment.

http://prc.wharton.upenn.edu/prc/PRC/WP/WP2003-5.pdf

B. "Motivating Retirement Planning: Problems and Solutions," by Gary Selnow (WP 2003-6, 2003, .pdf format, 15p.).

Abstract:

People often find it difficult to make the right decision about retirement savings. The payoffs are in the distant future, and the promise of pleasure tomorrow can mean pain today. The wrong decision yields an instant gain, the outcome is uncertain, the decision can be postponed without immediate penalty. In the end, the pressures of immediate gratification, delayed benefit, the unknown, the uncertain, the uncomfortable, ally against wise decisions. Yet, while many people yield to these influences, many others make the right choice. That drives us to ask why. Recent research has examined various approaches to promoting retirement investment. One promising strategy, automatic enrollment, taps into an old theory about the functional order of behavior and attitudes. This chapter examines the theory to understand why automatic enrollment has a good chance of overcoming the natural impediments to wise decisions about retirement investments.

http://prc.wharton.upenn.edu/prc/PRC/WP/WP2003-6.pdf

C. "Who's Afraid of a Poor Old Age?: Risk Perception in Risk Management Decisions," by Elke W. Weber (WP 2003-07, 2003, .pdf format, 23p.).

Abstract:

Retirement planning and voluntary as well as mandated contributions to pension plans require a series of decisions under uncertainty. Those range from initial decisions about the magnitude of contributions and allocation across different investment options and choice of option providers, to periodic reviews of these decisions in light of possible changes in goals or circumstances. Behavioral decision research provides a series of lessons about how such decisions are made and thus for the optimal design of pension plans. This chapter will addresses the role of affect in perceptions of risk and subsequent decisions to take actions that reduce or manage perceived risks. I review evidence showing that individual and group differences in risk perception, much more than differences in risk attitude, are responsible for differences in the choices people make. If people fail to be alarmed about a risk or hazard, they fail to take precautions. Risk perception, on the other hand, is predictable from general characteristics of the hazard and from prior, personal history. The risks associated with inadequate retirement planning have all the characteristics associated with hazards that do not evoke strong visceral reactions.

http://prc.wharton.upenn.edu/prc/PRC/WP/WP2003-7.pdf
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19. CESifo [UNIVERSITY OF MUNICH CENTER FOR ECONOMIC STUDIES AND THE IFO INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH]: "Demographics and Volatile Social Security Wealth: Political Risks of Benefit Rule Changes in Germany," by Christoph Borgmann and Matthias Heidler (Working Paper 1021, August 2003, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

In this paper we address the question how the generosity of the benefit rule of the German public pension system has changed during the past three decades and how this development can be explained by demographic changes. Firstly, we illustrate the political risk of benefit rule changes for individuals. We find that depending on the birth year and the considered scenario the relative losses vary between 30 and nearly 60 percent. Secondly, we estimate how demographic developments have triggered these changes in generosity. Our results suggest that future developments of the old-age dependency ratio have an influence on the determination of generosity.

http://www.cesifo.de/pls/cesifo_app/CESifoFrameSet.SwitchFrame?factor=10&page=/link/cesifo-wps.htm

Click on "Working Papers 2003: 832-", then scroll to "1021", then click on "Download".
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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

20. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 158, No. 8, Oct. 15, 2003).

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol158/issue8/index.shtml?etoc

21. American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 108, No. 6, May 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/AJS/journal/contents/v108n6.html

22. Journal of Aging Studies (Vol. 17, No. 4, November 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/08904065
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23. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Applied Gerontology (Vol. 22, No. 3, 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

Journal of Women and Aging (Vol. 15, No. 2/3, 2003).

Omega: Journal of Death and Dying (Vol. 46, No. 4, 2003).
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24. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Oct. 16, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 16, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 16, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Oct. 16, 2003:

http://amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Funding Opportunities:

25. NIH:

A. "Proteomics in Aging and Age-Related Disorders" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging RFA-AG-04-006, Oct. 7, 2003). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-AG-04-006.html

B. "Neurotechnology Research, Development, and Enhancement" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies PA-04-006, Oct. 8, 2003). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-04-006.html

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VI. Legislation Information Updates:

26. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: " America's Pensions: The Next Savings and Loan Crisis?" a hearing held Oct. 14, 2003 (.pdf format). Note: a webcast of the hearing (RealPlayer format) is available at the site (1 hour, 57 minutes, 5 seconds).

Hearing testimony:

http://aging.senate.gov/index.cfm?Fuseaction=Hearings.Detail&HearingID=35

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu