Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #200--August 21, 2003

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Reports and articles:

1. GAO REPORT: "Medicare Home Health Payment: Nonroutine Medical Supply Data Needed to Assess Payment Adjustments," (US General Accounting Office, GAO-03-878, August 15, 2003, .pdf format, 17p.).

http://www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-878

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gaoreports/index.html
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2. SOCIAL SECURITY OFFICE OF POLICY REPORT: "SSI Recipients by State and County, 2002," edited by (Social Security Office of Policy, August 2003, .pdf and HTML format, 97p.).

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_sc/2002/index.html
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3. NCHS REPORTS:

A. "Characteristics of Hospice Care Discharges and Their Length of Service: 2000," by Barbara J. Haupt (National Center for Health Statistics, Vital and Health Statistics, Series 13, No. 154, August 2003, .pdf format, 36p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_13/sr13_154.pdf

B. "Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Population: National Health Interview Survey, 1999," by Debra L. Blackwell and Luong Tonthat (National Center for Health Statistics, Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10, No. 211, August 2003, .pdf format, 94p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_211.pdf
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4. AHRQ MEPS COMPENDIUM: "2000 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey - Table Compendium," (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, August 2003, .pdf and HTML format, 111p.).

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/MEPSNet/TC/TC13.asp?File=HCFY2000&Table=HCFY2000_PLEXP
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5. CMS FINAL RULE, DECISION MEMORANDUM:

A. "Electronic Submission of Medicare Claims Interim Final Rule" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Aug. 15, 2003).

http://cms.hhs.gov/hipaa/hipaa2/

Under "Electronic Submission of Medicare Claims Interim Final Rule", click on "View the rule online".

B. "Medicare Program; Payment Reform for Part B Drugs," (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Aug. 20, 2003, .pdf format, 26p.).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/providers/drugs/AWP_NPRM_082003.pdf

A press release about the rule can be found at:

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/media/press/release.asp?Counter=828

C. "Decision Memo for Lung Volume Reduction Surgery," (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, CAG-00115R, August 2003).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/mcd/viewdecisionmemo.asp?id=96
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6. NIA NOTICE: "NIA Announces New DNA Microarray Facility for Aging Research," (National Institute on Aging, NOT-AG-03-004, August 14, 2003).

http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-AG-03-004.html
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7. ADEAR PRESS RELEASE: "New Prevalence Study Suggests Dramatically Rising Numbers of People with Alzheimer's Disease," (Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center, August 18, 2003, .pdf and HTML format).

http://www.alzheimers.org/nianews/nianews59.html
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8. _NATURE_ LETTERS TO NATURE ABSTRACT: "Generation of prion transmission barriers by mutational control of amyloid conformations," by Peter Chien, Angela H. DePace, Sean R. Collins, and Jonathan S. Weissman (_Nature_, Vol. 424, No. 6951, August 21, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 948-951).

http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage.taf?file=/nature/journal/v424/n6951/abs/nature01894_fs.html
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9. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT:

A. "Neurodegeneration and defective neurotransmission in a Caenorhabditis elegans model of tauopathy," by Brian C. Kraemer, Bin Zhang, James B. Leverenz, James H. Thomas, John Q. Trojanowski, and Gerard D. Schellenberg (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 17, August 19, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 9980-9985).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/17/9980

B. "Caspase cleavage of tau: Linking amyloid and neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer's disease," by T. Chris Gamblin, Feng Chen, Angara Zambrano, Aida Abraha, Sarita Lagalwar, Angela L. Guillozet, Meiling Lu, Yifan Fu, Francisco Garcia-Sierra, Nichole LaPointe, Richard Miller, Robert W. Berry, Lester I. Binder, and Vincent L. Cryns (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 17, August 19, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 10032-10037).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/17/10032

C. "Dissociation of amyloid fibrils of {alpha}-synuclein and transthyretin by pressure reveals their reversible nature and the formation of water-excluded cavities," by Dbora Foguel, Marisa C. Suarez, Astria D. Ferro-Gonzales, Thais C. R. Porto, Leonardo Palmieri, Carla M. Einsiedler, Leonardo R. Andrade, Hilal A. Lashuel, Peter T. Lansbury, Jeffery W. Kelly, and Jerson L. Silva (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 17, August 19, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p.9831-9836).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/17/9831

D. "Expression of BCR/ABL and BCL-2 in myeloid progenitors leads to myeloid leukemias," by Siddhartha Jaiswal, David Traver, Toshihiro Miyamoto, Koichi Akashi, Eric Lagasse, and Irving L. Weissman (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 17, August 19, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 10002-10007).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/17/10002
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10. _BMJ_ EDITORIALS, PAPER, AND PRIMARY CARE:

A. "Anti-inflammatory drugs and Alzheimer's disease," by Christopher Martyn (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 327, No. 7411, August 16, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 353-354).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/327/7411/353

B. "Treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis," by A. Cranney (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 327, No. 7411, August 16, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 355-356).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/327/7411/355

C. "Is asking patients in palliative care, 'Are you depressed?' appropriate? Prospective study," by Mari Lloyd-Williams, Mick Dennis, Fiona Taylor, and Idris Baker (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 327, No. 7411, August 16, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 372-373).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/327/7411/372

D. "10-minute consultation: High result in prostate specific antigen test," by M. Mokete, A. R. Palmer, and K. J. O'Flynn (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 327, No. 7411, August 16, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 379).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/327/7411/379
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11. _MEDSCAPE_ ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

"Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Induced Upper Gastrointestinal Event Rates In Patients Awaiting Joint Replacement In the United Kingdom. An Epidemiologically-Based Burden of Disease Model," by J. D. Belsey (Current Medical Research and Opinion, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2003, p. 306-312, via Medscape).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/458568
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12. HARVARD SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH PRESS RELEASE: "Regular Use of Anti-Inflammatory Drugs May Reduce Parkinson's Disease Risk," (HSPH, August 18, 2003).

http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/press/releases/press08182003.html
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13. MINISTRY OF PUBLIC MANAGEMENT, HOME AFFIARS, POST AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS [JAPAN] NEWS RELEASE: "Population Estimates by Age (5-Year Group) and Sex," (July 2003, HTML and Excel format).

http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/jinsui/tsuki/index.htm
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14. POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU ARTICLE: "Older Americans a Growth Industry for Rural Areas?" by Allison Tarmann (Population Reference Bureau, August 2003).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/Articles/03/Older_Americans_a_Growth_Industry_for_Rural_Areas_.htm
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15. FORTUNE ARTICLE: "Uh-Oh: Pensions May All Be in Peril," by Janice Revell (_Fortune_, Vol. 143, No. 4, Sept. 1, 2003).

http://www.fortune.com/fortune/investing/articles/0,15114,474643,00.html
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16. AARP _PRIME TIME RADIO_: The following AARP _Prime Time Radio_ shows, covering Jul. 22, 2003 - Aug. 5, 2003, are now available (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, audio transcripts run between 24 and 30 minutes).

Aug. 5, 2003 Experimenting on Women

http://www.aarp.org/leisure/radio/pt/

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II. Working Papers:

17. NBER:

A. "Utility Evaluation of Risk in Retirement Saving Accounts," by James Poterba, Joshua Rauh, Steven Venti, and David Wise (NBER Working Paper No. w9892, August 2003, .pdf format, 47p.).

Abstract:

The shift from defined benefit to defined contribution plans in the United States has drawn new attention to the effect of participants' asset allocation decisions on their financial resources for retirement. This paper develops a stochastic simulation algorithm to evaluate the effect of holding a broadly diversified portfolio of common stocks, or a portfolio of index bonds, on the distribution of 401(k) account balances at retirement. We compare the alternative distributions of retirement wealth both by showing the empirical distribution of potential wealth values, and by computing the expected utility of these outcomes under standard assumptions about the structure of household preferences. Our analysis highlights the critical role of other sources of wealth, such as Social Security, defined benefit pension annuities, and saving outside retirement plans in determining the expected utility cost of holding equities in the retirement account. Our findings also demonstrate the importance of the equity premium in affecting investors' utility from different retirement asset allocations. Viewed from the beginning of a working career, and given the historical pattern of returns on stocks and bonds, a household that does not have extremely high risk aversion would achieve a higher expected utility by holding a portfolio of stocks rather than bonds.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w9892

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the page for full text.

B. "Healthy, Wealthy, and Knowing Where to Live: Trajectories of Health, Wealth and Living Arrangements Among the Oldest Old," by Florian Heiss, Michael Hurd, and Axel Borsch-Supan (NBER Working Paper No. w9897, August 2003, .pdf format, 41p.).

Abstract:

Health, wealth and where one lives are important, if not the three most important material living conditions. There are many mechanisms that suggest that living arrangements and well-being derived from health and economic status are closely related. This paper investigates the joint evolution of the three conditions, using a microeconometric approach similar to what is known as vector autoregressions' (VAR) in the macroeconomics literature.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w9897

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the page for full text.

C. "Household Saving in Germany: Results of the first SAVE study," by Axel Borsch-Supan and Lothar Essig (NBER Working Paper No. w9902, August 2003, .pdf format, 46p.).

Abstract:

Germany is an interesting country to study saving among older households since nearly everyone - whether in the middle income bracket or richer - saves substantial amounts in old age. Only households in the lowest quarter of the income distribution spend more between the ages of 60 and 75 than they save. Our paper exploits newly collected data, the first wave of the so-called SAVE panel, specifically collected to understand economic, psychological and sociological determinants of saving. Overall, we find extraordinarily stable savings patterns. More than 40% of German households save regularly a fixed amount. About 25% of German households plan their savings and have a clearly defined savings target in mind. Most of German household saving is in the form of contractual saving, such as saving plans, whole life insurance and building society contracts. This makes the flow of saving rather unresponsive to economic fluctuations, such as income shocks. Most households prefer to cut consumption if ends do not meet. In particular the elderly do not like to use credit cards, and they eschew debt. We suspect large cohort differences and will study them once further waves of the SAVE panel will become available.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w9902

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the page for full text.

D. "The Role of Consumer Knowledge of Insurance Benefits in the Demand for Preventative Health," by Stephen T. Parente, David Salkever, and Joan DaVanzo (NBER Working Paper No. w9912, August 2003, .pdf format, 31p.).

Abstract:

In 1992, the United States Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) introduced new insurance coverage for two preventive services influenza vaccinations and mammograms. Economists typically assume transactions occur with perfect information and foresight. As a test of the value of information, we estimate the effect of consumer knowledge of these benefits on their demand. Treating knowledge as endogenous in a two-part model of demand, we find that consumer knowledge has a substantial positive effect on the use of preventive services. Our findings suggest that strategies to educate the insured Medicare population about coverage of preventive services may have substantial social value.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w9912

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the page for full text.
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18. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR [IZA], UNIVERSITY OF BONN: "Joint Labour Supply Dynamics of Older Couples," by Pierre-Carl Michaud (IZA Discussion Paper No. 832, July 2003, .pdf format, 37p.)

Abstract:

This paper studies the labour force participation dynamics of older couples in the United States. Longitudinal data from the five available waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) is used to investigate if the dynamics introduced by considering both spouses behavior provide additional information in trying to fit observed participation sequences. The paper uses a bivariate dynamic binary choice model with unobserved heterogeneity and serial correlation to disentangle the many sources of dynamics and correlation in a couples decision making. First, strong true state-dependence is found and results in a bunching of participation and non-participation sequences. Cross-spouse state-dependence is also found which points to indirect effects of social security and pension incentives through complementarity in leisure. Second, the Spouse Allowance program is found to have predicted effects on participation of the couple and these effects are statistically significant. A simulation exercise presents evidence that the elimination of the spouse allowance can raise participation of wives at age 62 by more than the decrease in participation of husbands at age 65.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp832.pdf
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19. IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC: "A Positive Theory of the Income Redistributive Focus of Social Security," by Joydeep Bhattacharya and Robert Reed (Working Paper #03022, July 2003, .pdf format, 33p.).

Abstract:

Many countries around the world have large public pension programs. Traditionally, these programs have been used to induce retirement by the elderly in order to free up jobs for the young and to redistribute income across generations. This paper provides an efficiency rationale for the inter-generational income redistribution focus of such programs in a framework which explicitly accounts for the role of the lifecycle as well as search and matching frictions in the labor market. In our model, public pension programs alter the age composition of the labor force by inducing the jobless elderly to retire. By requiring a long history of labor market attachment in order to receive benefits, these programs raise the future value of current employment for the young which serves to redistribute bargaining power, and hence income, from the young to the old. This form of cross-cohort redistribution is an important, yet neglected, dimension in the ongoing debate about social security reform.

http://www.econ.iastate.edu/research/webpapers/paper_10681_03022.pdf
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III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

20. Aging and Mental Health (Vol. 7, No. 4, July 2003).

http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/link.asp?id=100648

Follow link to "Volume 7, No. 4".
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21. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Aging and Health (Vol. 15, No. 3, 2003).
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22. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of August 19, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of August 19, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of August 19, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of August 19, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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