Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #190--June 12, 2003

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Reports and articles:

1. GAO REPORT: "Military Retiree Health Benefits: Enrollment Low in Federal Employee Health Plans Under DOD Demonstration," (US General Accounting Office, GAO-03-547, June 6, 2003, .pdf format, 54p.).

http://www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-547

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml
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2. FDA RULE ANNOUNCEMENT: "FDA Generic Drugs Final Rule and Initiative," (US Food and Drug Administration, June 12, 2003). "On June 12, 2003, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced new regulations and review procedures to streamline the process for making safe, effective generic drugs available to consumers. The new rule will limit a drug company to only one 30-month "stay" of a generic drug's entry into the market for resolution of a patent challenge. The FDA is also implementing changes in its review procedures intended to help improve the speed and reduce the cost of determining that a new generic drug is safe and effective, and therefore can be made available to patients."

http://www.fda.gov/oc/initiatives/generics/
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3. AOA NEWSLETTER: The US Administration on Aging has released the May issue of its eNews newsletter (Vol. 1, No. 3, .pdf and Microsoft Word format, 9p.). "This monthly e-newsletter is dedicated to sharing information of importance with the State and Area Agencies on Aging, members of the Leadership Council of Aging Organizations, grantees, tribal organizations, and service providers."

http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/press/enewsletter/enewsletter.asp
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4. SSA ACTUARIAL NOTE, COMPENDIUM, AND PERIODICAL:

A. "Average Interest Rates and Average Time to Maturity for Social Security Trust Fund Investments, 1991-2002," by Jeffrey L. Kunkel and Terence W. Mei (US Social Security Administration, Actuarial Note No. 145, June 2003).

http://www.ssa.gov/OACT/NOTES/note145/note145.html

B. "Income of the Aged Chartbook, 2001" (US Social Security Administration, May 2003, HTML and .pdf format, 28p.). Selected older issues are also available.

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/chartbooks/inc_aged/2001/index.html

C. "Social Security Bulletin," (US Social Security Administration, Vol. 64, No.3, January 2003, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/ssb/v64n3/index.html
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5. UK DEPARTMENT OF WORK AND PENSIONS REPORTS:

A. "Response to the Work and Pensions Select Committee Report: The Future of UK Pensions," (UK Department of Work and Pensions, June 2003, .pdf format, 18p.).

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/consultations/consult/2003/select-resp/response.pdf

B. "Action on occupational pensions," (UK Department of Work and Pensions, June 2003, .pdf format, 43p.).

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/consultations/consult/2002/pensions/actionplanfull.pdf

C. "The Occupational Pension Schemes (Winding Up and Deficiency on Winding Up etc.) (Amendment) Regulations 2003," (UK Department of Work and Pensions, June 2003, .pdf format, 15p.).

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/consultations/consult/2003/ops/ops.pdf
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6. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEATLH AND AGEING PRESS RELEASE: "$330,000 for More Respite Care in Adelaide," (Australian Department of Health and Ageing, June 6, 2003).

http://www.health.gov.au/mediarel/yr2003/ka/ka03170.htm
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7. _SCIENCE MAGAZINE_ VIEWPOINT ABSTRACT: "Regulators of Cerebellar Granule Cell Development Act Through Specific Signaling Pathways," by David Vaudry, Anthony Falluel-Morel, Sbastien Leuillet, Hubert Vaudry, Bruno J. Gonzalez (_Science_, Vol. 300, No. 5625, June 6, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1532-1534).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/300/5625/1532
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8. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "A role for LIM kinase in cancer invasion," by Kiyoko Yoshioka, Victoria Foletta, Ora Bernard, and Kazuyuki Itoh (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol 100, No. 12, June 10, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 7247-7252).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/12/7247
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9. _JAMA_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Aspirin and Ticlopidine for Prevention of Recurrent Stroke in Black Patients: A Randomized Trial," by Philip B. Gorelick, DeJuran Richardson, Michael Kelly, Sean Ruland, Elena Hung, Yvonne Harris, Steven Kittner, and Sue Leurgans (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 22, June 11, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2947-2957).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/289/22/2947
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10. _BMJ_ PAPER, PRIMARY CARE:

A. "Effectiveness of neuraminidase inhibitors in treatment and prevention of influenza A and B: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials," by Nicola J. Cooper, Alexander J. Sutton, Keith R. Abrams, Allan Wailoo, David Turner, and Karl G. Nicholson (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 326, No. 7401, June 6, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1325-1328).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/326/7401/1235

B. "Quantitative ultrasound and risk factor enquiry as predictors of postmenopausal osteoporosis: comparative study in primary care," by Jean Hodson and Jen Marsh (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 326, No. 7401, June 6, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1250-1251).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/326/7401/1250
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11. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles: "Patient Education for Informed Decision Making About Prostate Cancer Screening: A Randomized Controlled Trial with 1-Year Follow-Up," by Robert J. Volk, Stephen J. Spann, Alvah R. Cass, and Sarah T. Hawley (_Annals of Family Medicine_, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2003, p. 22-28, via Medscape).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/456810
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12. KFF REPORTS:

A. "Medicare and Prescription Drug Spending Chartpack," (Kaiser Family Foundation, June 2003, .pdf format, 27p.). "This chartpack provides 2003 and 2006 estimates of total and out-of-pocket prescription drug spending by Medicare beneficiaries. The data and analysis for this chartpack, prepared by Actuarial Research Corporation, assume no change in current law."

http://www.kff.org/content/2003/6087/

B. "Medicare Prescription Drugs Through Private Drug-Only Plans: A Discussion with Actuaries," by Health Policy Alternatives, Inc. (Kaiser Family Foundation, June 2003, .pdf format, 19p.).

Links to detailed abstract and full text:

http://www.kff.org/content/2003/6086/

Click on "Report" at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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13. US NEWS AND WORLD REPORTS ARTICLE: "Retirement realities," by Lou Dobbs (US News & World Reports, June 16, 2003).

http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/030616/opinion/16dobbs.htm
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II. Working Papers:

14. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN CENTER FOR DEMOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY:

A. "Newspaper coverage of the 1988 aspirin and 2002 hormone therapy randomized clinical trials," by Karen C. Swallen (WP 2003-06, 2003, .pdf format, 28p.).

Abstract:

Newspaper coverage is an important source of medical information for Americans, but coverage may be biased and inaccurate. I studied American newspaper coverage of two major randomized clinical trials: aspirin for prevention of cardiovascular disease (the Physicians Health Study) in 1988, and combination hormone therapy for prevention of cardiovascular disease (the Women's Health Initiative) in 2002-3. Based on this case study, newspaper coverage of important randomized clinical trials is not much improved between 1988 and 2002. The use of statistics has not improved, and the vilification of physicians and the pharmaceutical industry has markedly increased.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2003-06.pdf

B. "Racial Differentials in Longevity and Heath Status: U.S. Population 1980-1990," by Hani Guend and Alberto Palloni (WP-2003-07, 2003, .pdf format, 23p.).

Abstract:

We examine differentials in adult Partial Life Expectancies by type of disability between two censuses within each racial group; and among white, black, Asian, and Native Americans in 1990. During the 1980s, women of minority groups benefited from an improvement in Disability Free Life Expectancy, while white women lived more years with disability. Black women experienced the most positive changes, while Native American men scored the worst. Elderly fared better than younger adults and elderly women improved regardless of race. Compared to whites in 1990, Native American males and females and black males are the most disadvantaged with higher disability free differentials. Disability data and the counts of persons are extracted from the US Censuses 1980 and 1990 (PUMS 1%). The counts of deaths come from vital statistics (100% counts). The procedure of analysis developed and applied here allows a simultaneous assessment of the differentials in longevity and disability.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2003-07.pdf
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15. NBER:

A. "The Quantity and Quality of Life and the Evolution of World Inequality," by Gary S. Becker, Tomas J. Philipson, and Rodrigo R. Soares (National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper w9741, June 2003, .pdf format, 45p.).

Abstract:

Lack of income convergence for the world as a whole has led to concerns about the impact of globalization of markets on world inequality. GDP per capita is usually used to proxy for the quality of life of individuals living in different countries. However, well-being is also affected by quantity of life, as represented by longevity. This paper incorporates longevity into an overall assessment of the evolution of cross-country inequality. The absence of income convergence noticed in the growth literature is in stark contrast with the reduction in inequality after incorporating recent gains in longevity. The paper computes a full' income measure to value the life expectancy gains experienced by 49 countries between 1965 and 1995. Countries starting with lower income tended to grow more in terms of full' income than countries starting with higher income. The average growth rate of full' income is about 140% for developed countries, compared to 192% for developing countries. Additionally, we decompose changes in life expectancy into changes attributable to thirteen broad groups of causes of death. Infectious, respiratory and digestive diseases, congenital and perinatal conditions, and ill-defined' conditions are responsible for most of the mortality convergence observed between 1965 and 1995.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W9765

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "The impact of new drug launhes on longevity: evidence from longitudinal, disease-level data from 52 countries, 1982-2001," by Frank R. Lichtenberg (National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper w9754, June 2003, .pdf format, 37p.).

Abstract:

We perform an econometric analysis of the effect of new drug launches on longevity, using data from the IMS Health Drug Launches database and the WHO Mortality Database. Our data cover virtually all of the diseases borne by people in 52 countries during the period 1982-2001, and enable us to control, to an unusually great extent, for the effects of other potential determinants of longevity, e.g. education, income, nutrition, the environment, and lifestyle'. We find that launches of new chemical entities (NCEs) have a strong positive impact on the probability of survival. Launches of (older) drugs that are not NCEs do not increase longevity. NCE launches account for a significant fraction of the long-run increase in longevity in the sample as a whole. Between 1986 and 2000, average life expectancy of the entire population of sample countries increased by almost two years. Our estimates imply that NCE launches accounted for 0.8 years (40%) of the 1986-2000 increase in longevity. The average annual increase in life expectancy of the entire population resulting from NCE launches is .056 years, or 2.93 weeks.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W9754

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

"Why Parents Play Favorites: Explanations for Unequal Bequests," by Audrey Light and Kathleen McGarry (National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper w9745, June 2003, .pdf format, 31p.).

Abstract:

Economists have invested a great deal of effort in trying to understand the motivation for family transfers, yet recent empirical work testing the seemingly appealing models of altruism and exchange has led to decidedly mixed results. A major stumbling block has been the lack of adequate data. We take a fresh look at the issue using responses to an innovative survey question that directly asks mother about the planned division of their estates. We find that both altruism and exchange are frequently offered as explanations of behavior and are of nearly equal importance. Furthermore, the explanations are consistent with observable characteristics of the mother, lending support to the validity of the question. We also find that among step or adopted families, genetic ties play an important role. Because motivating factors appear to differ across families the lack of a consensus among previous researchers about motives ought not to be surprising.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W9745

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.
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16. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN POPULATION STUDIES CENTER: "Sex and the Single (Older) Guy: Sexual Lives of Older Unmarried Thai Men During the AIDS Era," by Mark VanLandingham and John Knodel (PSC Research Report 03-536, June 2003, .pdf format, 11p.).

Abstract:

In Thailand and elsewhere, some older persons remain sexually active well into late middle and old age. Sexually active older Thai men without a regular sexual partner may be at risk for contracting HIV. Since many of these older men came of age during an era when unprotected commercial sexual relations was normative for unmarried men, they may revert to these former practices, especially since older men have not been a target of intervention campaigns in Thailand. We explore these hypotheses using qualitative data from semi-structured, in-depth interviews of unmarried older Thai men, most of whom were in their 50's. Opportunities exist for several of the men we interviewed to engage in a fairly wide range of sexual relationships. Some do, but others choose celibacy because of declining interest; a wish to avoid financial hardships thought to be inextricably linked with sexual relationships; a wish to avoid social sanctions; and/or desires to pursue interests thought to be more appropriate for their age group. Risks for acquiring and spreading HIV do not appear to be great but such risks cannot be ruled out given how little we know about the sexual behavior of unmarried men in this age group.

http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/papers/rr03-536.pdf

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III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

17. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 157, No. 12, June 15, 2003).

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol157/issue12/index.shtml
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18. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Canadian Journal of Aging (Vol. 22, No. 1, 2003).

Educational Gerontology (Vol. 29, No. 5, 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of Gerontological Social Work (Vol. 39, No. 1/2, 2003).
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19. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of June 10, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of June 10, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of June 10, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of June 10, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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IV. Funding Opportunities:

20. NIH: "Sleep Disturbance in Parkinson's Disease and Parkinson-like Conditions," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, PAS-03-131, June 2, 2003).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAS-03-131.html

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V. Conferences:

21. ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT ON AGING CONFERENCE: "The 17th Annual Elder Rights Conference," a conference to be held July 29-31, 2003 in Oak Brook, IL.

For more information about the conference, including registration information, go to:

http://www.state.il.us/aging/2calendar/calendar_er-conf2003.pdf

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VI. Legislation Information Updates:

22. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING: "The Future of Human Longevity: How Vital are Markets and Innovation?" a hearing held June 3, 2003.

To view the hearing testimony:

http://www.senate.gov/~aging/index.cfm?Fuseaction=Hearings.Detail&HearingID=21
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23. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE HEARING: "Strengthening and Improving the Medicare Program," a hearing held June 6, 2003.

To view the hearing testimony:

http://finance.senate.gov/sitepages/hearing060603.htm
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24. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATION: "Retirement Security and Defined Benefit Pension Plans," a hearing held June 20, 2002 (Serial No. 107-94, 2003, .pdf format, 114p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house/house19ch107.html

Scroll down to or "find in page" "107-94" (without the quotes).

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VII. Websites of Interest:

25. CMS WEBSITE: Home Health Information Resource for Medicare (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services). "This Home Health web page has been developed to incorporate all Home Health specific information in one place. Also included is an alphabetical listing of all information related to Home Health."

http://cms.hhs.gov/providers/hha/

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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