Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #186--May 15, 2003

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. IRS DATA:

A. "Estate Tax Returns Filed in 2001: Gross Estate by Type of Property, Deductions, Taxable Estate, Estate Tax and Tax Credits, by Size of Gross Estate" (US Internal Revenue Service, May 2003, Microsoft Excel format, one table).

http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-soi/01es01gr.xls

B. "Estate Tax Returns Filed in 2001: Gross Estate, Total Deductions, State Death Tax Credit, and Net Estate Tax, by State of Residence (US Internal Revenue Service, May 2003, Microsoft Excel format, one table).

http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-soi/01es05gr.xls

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II. Reports and articles:

2. GAO REPORTS:

A. "Medicare: Divided Authority for Policies on Coverage of Procedures and Devices Results in Inequities," (US General Accounting Office, GAO-03-175, April 11, 2003, .pdf format, 48p.).

http://www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-175

B. "Federal Pensions: DOL Oversight and Thrift Savings Plan Accountability," (US General Accounting Office, GAO-03-400, April 23, 2003, .pdf format, 17p.).

http://www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-400

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml
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3. IRS REPORT: "Federal Estate Tax Returns, 1998-2000," by Barry W. Johnson and Jacob M. Mikow (US Internal Revenue Service, 2003, .pdf format, 54p.).

http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-soi/00esart.pdf
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4. BLS _MLR_ ARTICLE: "Health care and prescription drug spending by seniors," by Jessie X. Fan, Deanna L. Sharpe, and Goog-Soog Hong (US Bureau of Labor Statistics, _Monthly Labor Review_, Vol. 126, No. 3, March 2003, .pdf format, p. 16-26).

http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2003/03/art3full.pdf
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5. CMS RULE ANNOUNCEMENT: "Acute Inpatient Prospective Payment System," (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, May 2003, zipped Word format). Note: "This proposed rule will be published in the Federal Register on Wednesday, May 21, 2003. This proposed rule discusses proposed revisions to the Medicare acute care hospital inpatient PPS for operating and capital costs for discharges on or after October 1, 2003. In addition, this proposed rule includes proposed changes for FY 2004 for other inpatient hospitals and costs excluded from the hospital inpatient PPS."

http://cms.hhs.gov/providers/hipps/frnotices.asp
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6. DHHS NEWS RELEASE: "New Mouse Model Will Aid Research on Premature Aging Syndrome" (US Department of Health and Human Services, May 14, 2003). Note: For more information see item 8C in this report.

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/may2003/nci-14.htm
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7. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING ISSUE BRIEFS:

A. "Growth in Commonwealth Funding for Aged Care," (Australian Department of Health and Aging, May 13, 2003, .pdf, HTML and RTF format, 6p.).

http://www.health.gov.au/budget2003/fact/acfact2.htm

B. "Quality of Life for Older Australians," (Australian Department of Health and Aging, May 13, 2003, .pdf, HTML and RTF format, 4p.).

http://www.health.gov.au/budget2003/fact/acfact1.htm
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8. _NATURE_ LETTER ABSTRACT: "Nicotinamide and PNC1 govern lifespan extension by calorie restriction in Saccharomyces cerevisiae," by Rozalyn M. Anderson, Kevin J. Bitterman, Jason G. Wood, Oliver Mevedik, and David A. Sinclair (_Nature_, Vol. 423, No. 6936, May 8, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 181-185).

http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage.taf?file=/nature/journal/v423/n6936/abs/nature01578_fs.html
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9. _SCIENCE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Single Signal Unites Treatments That Prolong Life," by Evelyn Strauss (_Science_, Vol. 300, No. 5621, May 9, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p 881-883).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/summary/300/5621/881a
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10. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS:

A. "NADPH oxidase mediates oxidative stress in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine model of Parkinson's disease," by Du-Chu Wu, Peter Teismann, Kim Tieu, Miquel Vila, Vernice Jackson-Lewis, Harry Ischiropoulos, and Serge Przedborski (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 10, May 13, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 6145-6150).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/10/6145

B. "Intermittent fasting dissociates beneficial effects of dietary restriction on glucose metabolism and neuronal resistance to injury from calorie intake," by R. Michael Anson, Zhihong Guo, Rafael de Cabo, Titilola Iyun, Michelle Rios, Adrienne Hagepanos, Donald K. Ingram, Mark A. Lane, and Mark P. Mattson (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 10, May 13, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 6216-6220).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/10/6216

C. "Amyloid- beta peptide levels in brain are inversely correlated with insulysin activity levels in vivo," by Bonnie C. Miller, Elizabeth A. Eckman, Kumar Sambamurti, Nicole Dobbs, K. Martin Chow, Christopher B. Eckman, Louis B. Hersh, and Dwain L. Thiele (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 10, May 13, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 6221-6226).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/10/6221
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11. _JAMA_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS, LETTERS:

A. "Hypertension Prevalence and Blood Pressure Levels in 6 European Countries, Canada, and the United States," by Katharina Wolf-Maier, Richard S. Cooper, Jos R. Banegas, Simona Giampaoli, Hans-Werner Hense, Michel Joffres, Mika Kastarinen, Neil Poulter, Paola Primatesta, Fernando Rodrguez-Artalejo, Birgitta Stegmayr, Michael Thamm, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Diego Vanuzzo, and Fenicia Vescio (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 18, May 14, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2363-2369).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/289/18/2363

B. "Relationship of Changes in Physical Activity and Mortality Among Older Women," by Edward W. Gregg, Jane A. Cauley, Katie Stone, Theodore J. Thompson, Douglas C. Bauer, Steven R. Cummings, and Kristine E. Ensrud (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 18, May 14, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2379-2386).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/289/18/2379

C. "Patterns of Functional Decline at the End of Life," by June R. Lunney, Joanne Lynn, Daniel J. Foley, Steven Lipson, and Jack M. Guralnik (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 18, May 14, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2387-2392).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/289/18/2387

D. "Cholinesterase Inhibitors for Alzheimer Disease," by Willem A. van Gool and Afina W. Lemstra (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 18, May 14, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2359).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/289/18/2359

E. "Cholinesterase Inhibitors for Alzheimer Disease," by Thomas E. Finucane (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 18, May 14, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2359).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/289/18/2359-a

F. "Cholinesterase Inhibitors for Alzheimer Disease," Lon S. Schneider (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 18, May 14, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2359-2360).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/289/18/2359-b

G. "Cholinesterase Inhibitors for Alzheimer Disease," by Sean Lilienfeld (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 18, May 14, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2360).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/289/18/2360

H. "Cholinesterase Inhibitors for Alzheimer DiseaseReply," by Nhi-Ha Trinh and Kristine Yaffe (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 18, May 14, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2360-2361).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/289/18/2360-a
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12. _LANCET_ ARTICLE: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

"Effect of spiritual well-being on end-of-life despair in terminally-ill cancer patients," by Colleen S. McClain, Barry Rosenfeld, and William Breitbart (_Lancet_, Vol. 361, No. 9369, May 10, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1603-1607). Note: _Lancet_ is providing free access to the electronic full-text of this article.

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol361/iss9369/full/llan.361.9369.original_research.25569.1
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13. _BMJ_ PAPER: "Association between antidepressant prescribing and suicide in Australia, 1991-2000: trend analysis," by Wayne D. Hall, Andrea Mant, Philip B. Mitchell, Valerie A. Rendle, Ian B. Hickie, and Peter McManus (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 326, No. 7397, May 10, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1008-1011).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/326/7397/1008
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14. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

"Provider Characteristics and Mammography Recommendation Among Women in Their 40s and 50s," by Kelli L. Dominick, Celette Sugg Skinner, Lori A. Bastian, Hayden B. Bosworth, Tara S. Strigo, and Barbara K. Rimer (Journal of Women's Health, Vol. 12, No. 1, 2003, p. 61-71, via Medscape).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/452214
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15. ILCUSA REPORT: "Senility: The Epidemic of the Twenty-first Century of Longevity," by Robert N. Butler (International Longevity Center USA, May 2003, .pdf format, 65p.). Note: This essay is part of the ILCUSA's Imagining Longevity series. "Imagining Longevity is a series of comprehensive essays reflecting interdisciplinary and historical perspectives about various topics important both to our present times and to a future of still increasing longevity."

http://www.ilcusa.org/_lib/pdf/senility5503.pdf
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16. TAX POLICY CENTER ISSUE BRIEF: "The Latest 'ZITCOM' and My New Tax Shelter Bank," by C. Eugene Steuerle (Urban Institute & Brookings Institute Tax Policy Center, May 2003, .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/research/Topic.cfm?PubID=1000482
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17. KFF FACT SHEETS:

A. "Medicare + Choice, Fact Sheet," (Kaiser Family Foundation, April 2003, .pdf format, 2p.). Note: "This fact sheet, updated in April 2003, provides an overview of the Medicare+Choice (M+C) program, describes recent trends in plan participation and beneficiary enrollment, presents data on benefits and premiums, and explains how Medicare pays participating M+C plans."

http://www.kff.org/content/2003/2052-06/

Click on "Fact Sheet".

B. "Medicare at a Glance, Fact Sheet," (Kaiser Family Foundation, April 2003, .pdf format, 2p.). Note: "This fact sheet, updated in April 2003, provides a basic overview of the Medicare program, including how it is financed, who is eligible, and what benefits are covered under the program. In addition, it describes sources of supplemental health insurance to fill in Medicare's gaps, recent trends in the Medicare+Choice program, and data on current and future Medicare spending."

http://www.kff.org/content/2003/1066-06/

C. "Medicare and Prescription Drugs, Fact Sheet," (Kaiser Family Foundation, April 2003, .pdf format, 2p.). Note: "This fact sheet, updated in April 2003, profiles current sources of prescription drug coverage among the Medicare population, describes the characteristics of beneficiaries who lack drug coverage and the implications of being without such coverage, and provides current data on prescription drug use and spending."

http://www.kff.org/content/2003/1083-06/
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18. AARP _PRIME TIME RADIO_: The following AARP _Prime Time Radio_ shows, covering Apr. 1, 2003 - Apr. 29, 2003, are now available (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, audio transcripts run between 24 and 30 minutes).

Apr. 8, 2003: Shedding Years: Growing Older, Feeling Younger
Apr. 8, 2003: Millennials Rising: Who Are They?
Apr. 15, 2003: Retire? How Confident Are We?
Apr. 22, 2003: Grand Driver
Apr. 22, 2003: Sue Miller on Alzheimer's
Apr. 29, 2003: Taking Care of Mom & Dad

http://www.aarp.org/radio/ptrtopics.html

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III. Working Papers:

19. NBER:

A. "Social Security, Retirement, and the Single-Mindedness of the Electorate," by Casey B. Mulligan and Xavier Sala-i-Martin (National Bureau of Economic Research w9691, May 2003, .pdf format, 36p.).

Abstract:

We propose a positive theory that is consistent with two important features of social security programs around the world: (1) they redistribute income from young to old and (2) they induce retirement. We construct a voting model that includes a political campaign' or debate' prior to the election. The model incorporates single-mindedness' of the groups that do not work: while the workers divide their political capital between their age concerns' and occupational concerns', the retired concentrate all their political capital to support their age group. In our model, the elderly end up getting transfers from the government (paid by the young) and distortionary labor income taxes induce the retirement of the elderly. In addition, our model predicts that occupational groups that work more will tend to have more political power. The opposite is true for non-occupational groups (such as the elderly). We provide some evidence that supports these additional predictions.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W9691

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "Do Demographic Changes Affect Risk Premiums? Evidence from International Data," by Andrew Ang and Angela Maddaloni (National Bureau of Economic Research w9677, May 2003, .pdf format, 41p.).

Abstract:

We examine the link between equity risk premiums and demographic changes using a very long sample over the twentieth century for the US, Japan, UK, Germany and France, and a shorter sample covering the last third of the twentieth century for fifteen countries. We find that demographic variables significantly predict excess returns internationally. However, the demographic predictability found in the US by past studies for the average age of the population does not extend to other countries. Pooling international data, we find that, on average, faster growth in the fraction of retired persons significantly decreases risk premiums. This demographic predictability of risk premiums is strongest in countries with well-developed social security systems and lesser-developed financial markets.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W9677

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.
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20. CESIFO [CENTER FOR ECONOMIC STUDIES AND IFO INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH, MUNICH GERMANY]: "Optimum Delayed Retirement Credit," by Eytan Sheshinski (CESifo Working Paper No. 889, March 2003, .pdf format, 12p.).

Abstract:

A central question for pension design is how benefits should vary with the age of retirement beyond early eligibility age. It is often argued that in order to be neutral with respect to individual retirement decisions benefits should be actuarially fair, that is, the present value of additional contributions and benefits ("Delayed Retirement Credit" - DRC) due to postponed retirement should be equal. We show that in a self-selection, asymmetric information model, because individual decisions are suboptimal, the socially optimal benefit structure should be less than actuarially fair.

http://www.CESifo.de

Click on "Publications" in the left frame, then scroll to "CESifo Working Papers", click on "working papers", then click on "Working Papers 2003: 832-", then scroll down to "889".
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21. STOCKHOLM SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS: "Reversed Default Behavior in a New Defined Contribution Pension System," by Stefan Engstrm and Anna Westerberg (Stockholm School of Economics via Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics, May 2003, .pdf format, 28p.).

Abstract:

This paper examines individuals investment decisions in a new public and mandatory defined contribution pension system. The new pension system was launched in the fall of 2000 and entitles Swedens entire workforce of 4.4 million individuals to invest part of their individual pension account in mutual funds. Our findings show that the system is associated with a reversed default behavior compared with studies of 401(k) plans, that is, individuals tend to make their own investment decisions. Contrary to U.S. studies, we find that women and younger individuals are more likely than men and older individuals to make their own investment decisions. Further, this paper employs a rich database and extends current evidence on the relation between individuals active investment decision and individuals characteristics.

http://swopec.hhs.se/hastef/papers/hastef0527.pdf
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22. MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH: "Seasonal mortality in Denmark: The role of sex and age," by Roland Rau and Gabriele Doblhammer (WP 2003-014, May 2003, .pdf format, 25p.).

No abstract available.

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2003-014.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

23. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 157, No. 10, May 15, 2003). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol157/issue10/index.shtml
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24. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box, click the "fax/ariel" radio button, and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

International Journal of Ageing and Human Development (Vol. 55, No. 4, 2002).
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25. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of May 13, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of May 13, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of May 13, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of May 13, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Funding Opportunities:

26. AOA: "AoA Alzheimer's Demonstration Program," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Aging, AoA-03-03, May 2003, .pdf and Word format). Note: "The Administration on Aging (AoA) announced in the Federal Register that it will hold a competition for grant awards to: (1) develop models of assistance for persons with Alzheimer's Disease and their families, and (2) improve the responsiveness of the existing home and community based care systems for persons with Alzheimer's Disease and related disorders and their families."

http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/doingbus/fundopp/announcements/AoA-03-03.pdf

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VI. Legislation Information Updates:

27. AUSTRALIAN SENATE SELECT COMMITTEE ON SUPERANNUATION HEARING TRANSCIPT: "Planning for retirement," a hearing held May 5, 2003 in Sydney (.pdf format, 97p.).

Hearing transcript:

http://www.aph.gov.au/hansard/senate/commttee/S6438.pdf

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VII. Websites of Interest:

28. NIA: NIA announces a new web site, the "NIA Virtual Human Biospecimen Repository". "This website provides a central portal from which investigators can access information about human biospecimen repositories associated with extramural and intramural studies supported by the NIA. The homepage contains short descriptions of participating studies, with links to pages with more in-depth descriptions, contact information, and links to study homepages. A search engine is provided to assist in finding biospecimen collections of interest."

http://www.nia.nih.gov/research/repository.asp

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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