Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #176--March 6, 2003

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. AHRQ MEPS:

A. "MEPS HC-051H: 2000 Home Health File," (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, February 2003, data files are available in compressed ASCII and SAS transport format, documentation [codebooks in HTML or .pdf format] and SAS programming statements are also available). Note: "This public use data file is one in a series of event-level public use data files drawn from the 2000 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) Household Component (HC). Household-reported information on expenditures for home health visits including the type of provider, type of services received, length of the visit, reason for the visit, expenditures, and sources of payment."

http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/Puf/PufDetail.asp?ID=115

B. "MEPS HC-051C: 2000 Other Medical Expenses," (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, February 2003, data files are available in compressed ASCII and SAS transport format, documentation [codebooks in HTML or .pdf format] and SAS programming statements are also available). Note: "This public use file provides information on the purchase of and expenditures for medical equipment, supplies, glasses and other medical items for a nationally representative sample of the civilian non-institutionalized population of the United States and can be used to make estimates of the utilization and expenditures associated with medical items during the 2000 calendar year."

http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/Puf/PufDetail.asp?ID=114

C. "MEPS HC-051B: 2000 Dental Visits," (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, February 2003, data files are available in compressed ASCII and SAS transport format, documentation [codebooks in HTML or .pdf format] and SAS programming statements are also available). Note: "The Dental Visits File provides detailed information on dental events for a nationally representative sample of the civilian, non-institutionalized population of the United Sates during the 2000 calendar year."

http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/Puf/PufDetail.asp?ID=113

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II. Reports and articles:

2. WHITE HOUSE PRESS RELEASE: "Framework to Modernize and Improve Medicare Fact Sheet," released March 4, 2003.

http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030304-1.html
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3. URBAN INSTITUTE FIRST TUESDAY PROGRAM: As part of it's First Tuesday program, the Urban Institute presents "Prescribing the Best Medicare Drug Prices." The program will feature a discussion of "the pros and cons of securing the best prescription prices through the private market, pharmacy benefit managers, and government negotiation." The panelists leading the discussion will be: Robert Reischauer, Raulo Frear, Mark Gibson, Marilyn Moon, and Thomas Scully.

A Webcast of this event is available from the Kaiser Family Foundation. To view the discussion you will need RealPlayer or Windows Media Player (running time is approximately 22:00).

http://www.kaisernetwork.org/health_cast/hcast_index.cfm?create=high_real&linkid=1&display=detail&hc=797
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4. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF AGEING AND HEALTH PRESS RELEASE:

A. "$24M Increase For Home And Community Care In Queensland," (Feb. 28, 2003).

http://www.health.gov.au/mediarel/yr2003/ka/ka03005.htm

B. "$13.6 Million For New Respite Services For Carers," (Feb. 28, 2003).

http://www.health.gov.au/mediarel/yr2003/ka/ka03006.htm
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5. _JAMA_ ARTICLE, ARTICLE ABSTRACT, EDITORIAL, LETTER:

A. "Incidence and Preventability of Adverse Drug Events Among Older Persons in the Ambulatory Setting," by Jerry H. Gurwitz, Terry S. Field, Leslie R. Harrold, Jeffrey Rothschild, Kristin Debellis, Andrew C. Seger, Cynthia Cadoret, Leslie S. Fish, Lawrence Garber, Michael Kelleher, and David W. Bates (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 9, March 5, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1107-1116). Note: _JAMA_ is providing free access to the electronic full-text of this article.

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v289n9/rfull/joc21714.html

B. "Outcome of Elderly Patients With Chronic Symptomatic Coronary Artery Disease With an Invasive vs Optimized Medical Treatment Strategy: One-Year Results of the Randomized TIME Trial," by Matthias Pfisterer, Peter Buser, Stefan Osswald, Urs Allemann, Wolfgang Amann, Walter Angehrn, Eric Eeckhout, Paul Erne, Werner Estlinbaum, Gabriela Kuster, Tiziano Moccetti, Barbara Naegeli, and Peter Rickenbacher for the Trial of Invasive versus Medical therapy in Elderly patients (TIME) Investigators (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 9, March 5, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1117-1123).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v289n9/abs/joc22048.html

C. "Medication Safety: Moving From Illusion to Reality," by David Classen (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 9, March 5, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1154-1156).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v289n9/ffull/jed30009.html

D. "Patient-Centered Cardiac Care for the Elderly TIME for Reflection," by Eric D. Peterson (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 9, March 5, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1157-1158).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v289n9/ffull/jed30010.html

E. "Estrogen Replacement and Risk of Alzheimer Disease," by Mark A. Smith, George Perry, Craig S. Atwood, Richard L. Bowen, Amnon Lahad, Lev Ishay, J. Galen Buckwalter, Diana B. Petitti, Valerie C. Crooks, Lynn Rosenberg, Peter P. Zandi, John C. S. Breitner, Susan M. Resnick, and Victor W. Henderson (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 9, March 5, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1100-1102).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v289n9/ffull/jlt0305-1.html
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6. _BMJ_ PAPERS, CLINICAL REVIEW:

A. "Effect of four monthly oral vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) supplementation on fractures and mortality in men and women living in the community: randomised double blind controlled trial," by Daksha P. Trivedi, Richard Doll, and Kay Tee Khaw (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 326, No. 7387, March 1, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 469-472).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/326/7387/469

B. "Age related macular degeneration," by Amresh Chopdar, Usha Chakravarthy, and Dinesh Verma (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 326, No. 7387, March 1, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 485-488).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/326/7387/485
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7. _LANCET_ ARTICLE: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

"Effectiveness and costs of interventions to lower systolic blood pressure and cholesterol: a global and regional analysis on reduction of cardiovascular-disease risk," by Christopher J. L. Murray, Jeremy A. Lauer, Raymond C. W. Hutubessy, Louis Niessen, Niels Tomijima, Anthony Rodgers, Carlene M. M. Lawes, David B. Evans (_Lancet_, Vol. 361, No. 9359, March 1, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 717-725). Note: _Lancet_ is providing free access to the electronic full-text of this paper.

HTML:
http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol361/iss9359/full/llan.361.9359.original_research.24760.1

PDF:
http://pdf.thelancet.com/pdfdownload?uid=llan.361.9359.original_research.24760.1&x=x.pdf
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8. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT:

A. "Immunotherapy for choroidal neovascularization in a laser-induced mouse model simulating exudative (wet) macular degeneration," by Puran S. Bora, Zhiwei Hu, Tongalp H. Tezel, Jeong-Hyeon Sohn, Shin Goo Kang, Jose M. C. Cruz, Nalini S. Bora, Alan Garen, and Henry J. Kaplan (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 5, March 4, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2679-2684).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/5/2679

B. "Sex- and age-dependent human transcriptome variability: Implications for chronic heart failure," by Kenneth R. Boheler, Maria Volkova, Christopher Morrell, Rahul Garg, Yi Zhu, Kenneth Margulies, Anne-Marie Seymour, and Edward G. Lakatta (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 5, March 4, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2754-2759).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/5/2754

C. "Selective modulation of excitatory and inhibitory microcircuits by dopamine," by Wen-Jun Gao and Patricia S. Goldman-Rakic (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 5, March 4, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2836-2841).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/5/2836

D. "Nigrostriatal alpha -synucleinopathy induced by viral vector-mediated overexpression of human alpha -synuclein: A new primate model of Parkinson's disease," by Deniz Kirik, Lucy E. Annett, Corinna Burger, Nicholas Muzyczka, Ronald J. Mandel, and Anders Bjrklund (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 5, March 4, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2884-2889).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/5/2884

E. "Evidence for defective retinoid transport and function in late onset Alzheimer's disease," by Ann B. Goodman and Arthur B. Pardee (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 5, March 4, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2901-2905).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/5/2901
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9. _SCIENCE MAGAZINE_ REVIEW AND REPORT ABSTRACTS, POLICY FORUM: This week's edition of Science Magazine contains a series of articles on aging.

A. "Evolutionary Medicine: From Dwarf Model Systems to Healthy Centenarians?" by Valter D. Longo and Caleb E. Finch (_Science_, Vol. 299, No. 5611, February 28, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1342-1346).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/299/5611/1342

B. "The Endocrine Regulation of Aging by Insulin-like Signals," by Marc Tatar, Andrzej Bartke, and Adam Antebi (_Science_, Vol. 299, No. 5611, February 28, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1346-1351).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/299/5611/1346

C. "Genetics and the Specificity of the Aging Process, by Siegfried Hekimi and Leonard Guarente (_Science_, Vol. 299, No. 5611, February 28, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1351-1354).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/299/5611/1351

D. "Aging and Genome Maintenance: Lessons from the Mouse?" by Paul Hasty, Judith Campisi, Jan Hoeijmakers, Harry van Steeg, and Jan Vijg (_Science_, Vol. 299, No. 5611, February 28, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1355-1359).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/299/5611/1355

E. "Steroid Control of Longevity in Drosophila melanogaster," by Anne F. Simon, Cindy Shih, Antha Mack, Seymour Benzer (_Science_, Vol. 299, No. 5611, February 28, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1407-1410).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/299/5611/1407

F. "Antiaging Research and the Need for Public Dialogue," by Eric T. Juengst, Robert H. Binstock, Maxwell J. Mehlman, and Stephen G. Post (_Science_, Vol. 299, No. 5611, February 28, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1323).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/summary/299/5611/1323
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10. _NATURE MEDICINE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Benfotiamine blocks three major pathways of hyperglycemic damage and prevents experimental diabetic retinopathy," by Hans-Peter Hammes, Xueliang Du, Diane Edelstein, Tetsuya Taguchi, Takeshi Matsumura, Qida Ju, Jihong Lin, Angelika Bierhaus, Peter Nawroth, Dieter Hannak, Michael Neumaier, Regine Bergfeld, Ida Giardino and Michael Brownlee (_Nature Medicine_, Vol. 9, No. 3, March 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 294-299).

http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage.taf?file=/nm/journal/v9/n3/abs/nm834.html
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11. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUE BRIEF: "The Declining Role of Social Security," by Alicia H. Munnell (Boston College Center for Retirement Research JTF No. 6, February 2003, .pdf format, 4p.).

Summary:

Policymakers have focused considerable attention on alternative ways of eliminating Social Security's 75-year financing gap, but lost in the debate is the fact that even under current law Social Security will provide less retirement income relative to previous earnings than it does today. Combine the already legislated reductions with potential cuts due to closing the financing gap, and Social Security may no longer be the mainstay of the retirement system for many people. Recognizing the declining role of Social Security is important because future retirees will need to find alternative income sources as they age.

Today, the frequently quoted replacement rate for the medium earner who retires at age 65 is 41 percent; that is, Social Security benefits are equal to 41 percent of the individuals previous earnings.(1) Under current law, three factors will reduce this replacement rate: 1) the extension of the normal retirement age; 2) the increase in Medicare Part B premiums; and 3) the taxation of Social Security benefits. The following section considers the impact of each of these developments

http://www.bc.edu/centers/crr/jtf_6.shtml
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12. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION FACT SHEET: "Dual Enrollees: Medicaid's Role for Low-Income Medicare Beneficiaries," (Kaiser Family Foundation, February 2003, .pdf format, 2p.). Note: "This fact sheet describes the low-income elderly population that is eligible for both Medicaid and Medicare, why they need Medicaid, what services they receive from Medicaid,and the current policy challenges related to this population."

http://www.kff.org/content/2003/4091/4091.pdf
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13. ADEAR UPDATED FACT SHEET: "Alzheimer's Disease Genetics Fact Sheet," (Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center, 2003, HTML format). Note: "The revised publication presents an overview of genetics, what we know about the genetic specifics of AD, testing and research issues, and counseling and confidentiality. The fact sheet also includes a glossary of key terms, illustration, and a list of resources for further information."

http://www.alzheimers.org/pubs/genefact.html
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14. AOA NEWSLETTER: "AoA eNewsleter," (Administration on Aging, Vol. 1, No. 1, March 2003, .pdf and Word format, 5p.). "This monthly e-newsletter is dedicated to sharing information of importance with the State and Area Agencies on Aging, members of the Leadership Council of Aging Organizations, grantees, tribal organizations, and service providers."

http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/press/enewsletter/enewsletter.asp

Follow the link to "Word" or "PDF".
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15. ILCUSA REPORT: "ILC Policy Report" (International Longevity Center, USA, February 2003, .pdf format, 5p.). The ILC Policy Report is "a monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad."

http://www.ilcusa.org/_lib/pdf/ilc200302.pdf
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16. AARP _PRIME TIME RADIO_ The following AARP _Prime Time Radio_ shows, covering Feb. 18, 2003 - Feb. 25, 2003, are now available (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, audio transcripts run between 24 and 30 minutes).

Feb. 25, 2003: Lifecare At Home

http://www.aarp.org/radio/ptrtopics.html

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III. Working Papers:

17. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN CENTER FOR DEMOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY: "The Cross-sectional Average Length of Life (CAL): A Cross-sectional Mortality Measure That Reflects the Experience of Cohorts," by Michel Guillot (WP 2002-16, 2003, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

This paper presents a summary mortality index, the Cross-sectional Average Length of Life (CAL). By combining the mortality experience of various cohorts in a cross-sectional fashion, CAL complements traditional one-period or one-cohort indexes and enriches our understanding of population processes. First, CAL provides an alternative insight into the analysis of mortality. By taking into account the real mortality conditions to which individuals in a population have been subject, it tends to yield less favorable mortality levels than e0 and produces different rankings of mortality levels across countries. Second, CAL is a relevant index for the study of population dynamics. In particular, change in CAL over time shows the direct impact of mortality change on population growth, and the e0/CAL ratio for a given year shows the mortality-induced growth that can be expected given current mortality levels. It illustrates that mortality can play a non-negligible role in future population growth, even in the absence of future mortality improvements.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2002-16.pdf
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18. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH:

"Implications of the Bush Commission Pension Reforms for Married Couples," by Barry Bosworth, Gary Burtless, and Benjamin Keys (Working Paper 2003-03, February 2003, .pdf format, 30p.).

Abstract

In December 2001 the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security published a report describing plans to reform Social Security through the introduction of new, privately managed, defined-contribution pension accounts. The new accounts are to be financed by diverting a portion of payroll taxes that are now used to finance pensions under the existing defined-benefit public pension system. This paper evaluates the overall impact of the Commissions second plan on the distribution of retirement income and rates of return on pension contributions within and among future generations of married couples.

http://www.bc.edu/centers/crr/wp_2003-03.shtml

Click on "here" for full text.
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19. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN POPULATION STUDIES CENTER: "Self-Assessed Health Expectancy Among Older Asians: A Comparison of Sullivan and Multistate Life Table Methods," by Mary Beth Ofstedal, Zachary Zimmer, Grace Cruz, Angelique Chan, and Yu-Hsuan Lin (Comparative Study of the Elderly in Asia Report 03-60, March 2003, .pdf format, 19p.).

Abstract:

Self-assessed health has been found to be a strong predictor of changes in health and of mortality and has been included in many surveys of health and aging around the world. In this paper, we estimate expectancies in self-assessed health and compare these among older adults across four Asian settings (the Philippines, Taiwan, Singapore and Indonesia), making use of data from several national panel surveys conducted in the mid to late 1990s. All of these societies are undergoing rapid population aging and social and economic change, and there is much concern among policymakers about the potential implications for future disease burden and associated informal and formal care demands. Yet, very little health expectancy research has been conducted in these settings. This paper is the first of a series of planned health expectancy analyses based on these panel surveys that will focus on alternative indicators of physical and mental disability. In the current analysis, self-assessed health is dichotomized into categories reflecting negative health ratings (e.g., poor/not good at all) versus positive or neutral health ratings (excellent to good/average/fair). In the first stage of the analysis we calculate health expectancy using the Sullivan method based on data from a single wave of each survey to compare trends in self-assessed expectancies by age and sex across settings. In the second stage we take advantage of the panel data by calculating health expectancy using multistate life table methods and compare these estimates with the Sullivan estimates. Results suggest that despite differences in the proportion reporting negative health across settings, patterns by age and sex are similar. Sullivan and multistate estimates also compare closely, except for Singapore, where there are very large transition rates from favorable to negative self-assessed health over the survey period. Dataset(s) [used]: Philippine Survey of the Near Elderly and Elderly, 1996-2000. National Survey of Senior Citizens in Singapore, 1995-1999. Indonesian Family Life Survey, 1993-1997. Taiwan Survey of Health and Living Status of the Middle-Aged and Elderly, 1996-1999.

http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/papers/ea03-60.pdf
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20. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "What Can Be Learned from Skeletons that Might Interest Economists, Historians and Other Social Scientists?" by Richard H. Steckel (NBER Working Paper No. w9519, February 2003, .pdf format, 15p.).

Abstract:

Economists and other scholars have long sought to measure and analyze long-term trends and differences in social performance. Average stature supplements and lengthens data series on traditional measures of life expectancy and real GDP per capita. This paper presents a methodology for using skeletal remains to greatly extend the chronological and cultural reach of anthropometric measures. Bones are widely available for study and unlike stature, they portray health over the life cycle, depicting both childhood and processes of aging and degeneration. The paper briefly explains seven skeletal measures widely used in physical anthropology and discusses procedures for summarizing community health in the form of an index. Results are based on a sample of over 12,000 individuals who lived at 65 localities in the Western Hemisphere over the past several millennia. Results challenge conceptions of the pre-Columbian disease environment, and the methods can be used to test models of very long-term economic growth and to study important aspects of human welfare during climate change.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W9519

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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21. MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH: "Assessing the rate of ageing of the human population," by Elisabetta Barbi (MPIDR WP-2003-008, March 2003, .pdf format, 11p.).

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2003-008.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

22. Age and Ageing (Vol. 32, No. 2, March 2003). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

http://ageing.oupjournals.org/content/vol32/issue2/index.shtml?etoc

23. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 157, No. 5, March 1, 2003). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol157/issue5/index.shtml
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24. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box, click the "fax/ariel" radio button, and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

International Journal of Aging and Human Development (Vol. 55, No. 3, 2002).

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25. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of March 4, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of March 4, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of March 4, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Funding Opportunities:

26. NIH: "The National Institute on Aging Multicenter Study on Exceptional Survival in Families," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, RFA-AG-03-004, February 25, 2003).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-AG-03-004.html

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VI. Legislation Information Updates:

27. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON SOCIAL SECURITY HEARING TESTIMONY: "Hearing on H.R. 743, the 'Social Security Protection Act of 2003'," a hearing held February 27, 2003.

Hearing Testimony:

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/hearings.asp?formmode=detail&hearing=40
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28. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH HEARING TESTIMONY: "Hearing on the MedPAC Report on Medicare Payment Policies," a hearing held March 6, 2003.

Hearing Testimony:

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/hearings.asp?formmode=detail&hearing=42
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VII. Websites of Interest:

29. EPA: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recently created an"Aging Initiative" web site. "The Aging Initiative is an effort that will develop a three-pronged National Agenda on the Environment and the Aging. The Agenda will:

1) prioritize and study environmental health threats to older persons;
2) examine the affect that a rapidly growing aging population might have on our environment;
3) encourage older persons to volunteer in their own communities to reduce hazards and protect the environment."

http://www.epa.gov/aging/

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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