Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #172--February 6, 2003

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. AHRQ MEPS:

A. "MEPS HC-044: 1999 Supplemental Public Use File," (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, January 2003, data files are available in compressed ASCII and SAS transport format, documentation [codebooks in HTML or .pdf format] and SAS programming statements are also available). Note: "This data release is intended to supplement MEPS variables previously released for 1999. The HC-044 data file is a person-level file, containing health insurance variables. In order to use these variables, this file should be linked to the 1999 Consolidated Full-Year Use and Expenditure File (HC-038) which contains all previously released 1999 person level data including demographic and socio-economic information."

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/Puf/PufDetail.asp?ID=109

B. "MEPS HC-048: MEPS Panel 3 Longitudinal Weight File," (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, January 2003, data files are available in compressed ASCII and SAS transport format, documentation [codebooks in HTML or .pdf format] and SAS programming statements are also available). Note: "This file is a two-year longitudinal file derived from the respondents to the MEPS Panel 3 1998 sample. The persons on this data set represent those who were in the MEPS population for all or part of the 1998 - 1999 period. The file contains a weight variable (LONGWTP3) that, when applied to the persons who participated in both 1998 and 1999, will enable the user to make national estimates of person-level changes in selected variables (e.g., health insurance, health status, utilization and expenditures). In addition, LONGWTP3 can be used to develop cross-sectional type estimates for the civilian noninstitutionalized population in each year based on only the panel 3 sample. To obtain analytic variables, the records on this file must be linked to the 1998 and 1999 MEPS public use data files using the sample person identifier (DUPERSID)."

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/Puf/PufDetail.asp?ID=110
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2. NLS DATA UPDATE: The US Bureau of Labor Statistics and Ohio State University Center for Human Resource Research (CHRR) have announced the availability of all public use NLS data sets on a single CD-ROM. For more information see:

http://www.chrr.ohio-state.edu/nls-info/ordering/display_db.php3

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II. Reports and articles:

3. DHHS CMS: The CMS Quarterly Provider Update ListServ (US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services)."CMS is now offering a ListServ to make it easier for users of the CMS Quarterly Provider Update (QPU) to keep track of new material added to the QPU. This service will notify subscribers via email immediately of any regulations or program instructions released during the quarter. For subscription information see:

http://list.nih.gov/cgi-bin/wa?SUBED1=cms-qpu&A=1
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4. DHHS OIG REPORT:

A. "Comparing Medicare Physician Payments to Private Payers, (US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General, Inspection Report OEI-06-00-00570, January 2003, .pdf format, 29p.)

Executive Summary:

The OIG has issued a final report describing relative differences in physician payment amounts between Medicare and the private sector found through an analytic data mining technique. The inspection identified 217 procedure codes with relative values. These procedures represent 30 percent of the 681 codes analyzed. The reasons for these differences are unclear and may be attributable to errors within the relative values themselves, or to population differences. Although the Secretary is required to review codes for accuracy every 5 years, only 20 of the 217 codes identified were included in the most recent 5-year comprehensive review. The absence of these codes from the 2002 review suggests that augmenting the current system with one or more data driven methods may help to assure appropriate relative value assessments.

http://oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-06-00-00570.pdf

B. "Payment for Procedures in Outpatient Departments and Ambulatory Surgical Centers," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General, Inspection Report OEI-05-00-00340, January 2003, .pdf format, 27p.).

Executive Summary:

The OIG issued a final report that assesses the effect of payment variation between ambulatory surgical centers (ASCs) and hospital outpatient departments (OPD) on the Medicare program. This variation results in Medicare paying an estimated $1.1 billion more in program payments. In most cases (66 percent), OPD rates for the same service are higher than ASC rates. In addition, failing to remove certain procedure codes from the ASC list of covered procedures results in an estimated $8 to $14 million in additional program payments. The OIG reiterates previous OIG recommendations, with which CMS concurred, that rates between settings should be more uniform. The OIG also recommends to CMS that 1) rates reflect only the costs necessary for the efficient delivery of health services, 2) timely survey data be used to reevaluate ambulatory surgical center payment rates, and 3) procedure codes be removed from the list of ASC-covered procedures using established criteria. The CMS commented on the report, but neither concurred nor non-concurred with our recommendations.

http://oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-05-00-00340.pdf
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5. CBO CORRESPONDENCE: "Letter to the Honorable Jim Nussle regarding the Proposal to Reduce Payments by the Postal Service to the Civil Service Retirement System," (Congressional Budget Office, January 27, 2003, .pdf, HTML, and WordPerfect format, 17p.).

http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=4033&sequence=0&from=7
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6. SSA NEWS RELEASE: "Supplemental Security Income Program Removed from High-Risk List," (Social Security Administration, January 30, 2003).

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/pressoffice/SSIHighRisk-pr.htm
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7. CDC MMWR: "Hypothermia-Related Deaths --- Philadelphia, 2001, and United States, 1999," (US Centers for Disease Control, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 52, No. 5, February 7, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 86-87).

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5205a3.htm
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8. _BMJ_ PAPER, EDUCATION AND DEBATE, LETTERS:

A. "Detection of Alzheimer's disease and dementia in the preclinical phase: population based cohort study," by Katie Palmer, Lars Backman, Bengt Winblad, and Laura Fratiglioni (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 326, No. 7383, February 1, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 245-247).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/326/7383/245

B. "Cholesterol lowering drugs and risk of age related maculopathy: prospective cohort study with cumulative exposure measurement," by R. van Leeuwen, J. R. Vingerling, A. Hofman, P. T. V. M. de Jong, and B. H. Ch Stricker (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 326, No. 7383, February 1, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 255-256).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/326/7383/255

C. "Assisted suicide and euthanasia in Switzerland: allowing a role for non-physicians," by Samia A. Hurst and Alex Mauron (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 326, No. 7383, February 1, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p.271-273).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/326/7383/271

D. "Electronic tagging of people with dementia," (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 326, No. 7383, February 1, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 281).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/326/7383/281
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9. _LANCET_ RESEARCH LETTER ABSTRACT: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

"Association between telomere length in blood and mortality in people aged 60 years or older," by Richard M. Cawthon, Ken R. Smith, Elizabeth O'Brien, Anna Sivatchenko, Richard A. Kerber (_Lancet_, Vol. 361, No. 9355, February 1, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p.

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol361/iss9355/abs/llan.361.9355.original_research.24342.1
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10. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT:

A. "Strikingly higher frequency in centenarians and twins of mtDNA mutation causing remodeling of replication origin in leukocytes," by Jin Zhang, Jordi Asin-Cayuela, Jennifer Fish, Yuichi Michikawa, Massimiliano Bonaf, Fabiola Olivieri, Giuseppe Passarino, Giovanna De Benedictis, Claudio Franceschi, and Giuseppe Attardi (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 3, February 4, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1116-1121).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/3/1116

B. "Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) antagonists inhibit the proliferation of androgen-dependent and -independent prostate cancers," by Markus Letsch, Andrew V. Schally, Rebeca Busto, Ana M. Bajo, and Jozsef L. Varga (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 3, February 4, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1250-1255).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/3/1250

C. "Adenosine receptor blockade reverses hypophagia and enhances locomotor activity of dopamine-deficient mice," by Douglas S. Kim and Richard D. Palmiter (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 3, February 4, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1346-1351).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/3/1346

D. "Dentate gyrus volume is reduced before onset of plaque formation in PDAPP mice: A magnetic resonance microscopy and stereologic analysis," by Jeffrey M. Redwine, Barry Kosofsky, Russell E. Jacobs, Dora Games, John F. Reilly, John H. Morrison, Warren G. Young, and Floyd E. Bloom (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 3, February 4, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1381-1386).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/3/1381
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11. _JAMA_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT, REVIEW ABSTRACT, AND LETTER:

A. "Acetylcysteine for Prevention of Acute Deterioration of Renal Function Following Elective Coronary Angiography and Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial," by Jay Kay, Wing Hing Chow, Tak Mao Chan, Sing Kai Lo, On Hing Kwok, Alex Yip, Katherine Fan, Chi Hang Lee, and Wai Fai Lam (_Journal of American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 5, February 5, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 553-558).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/current/abs/joc21724.html

B. "Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Stroke: A Meta-analysis," by Kristi Reynolds, L. Brian Lewis, John David L. Nolen, Gregory L. Kinney, Bhavani Sathya, and Jiang He (_Journal of American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 5, February 5, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 579-588).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/current/abs/jma20035.html

C. "Ginkgo and Memory," by Pradeep J. Nathan, Ben J. Harrison, Cali Bartholomeusz, Klaus R. Arnold, David Wheatley, Samuel N. Cheuvront, Robert Carter III, P. Murali Doraiswamy, Nunzio Pomara, Paul R. Solomon, and Richard DeVeaux (_Journal of American Medical Association_, Vol. 289, No. 5, February 5, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 546-548).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/current/ffull/jlt0205-1.html
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12. _NATURE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Telomere dysfunction and Atm deficiency compromises organ homeostasis and accelerates ageing," by Kwok-Kin Wong, Richard S. Maser, Robert M. Bachoo, Jayant Menon, Daniel R. Carrasco, Yonsong Gu, Frederick W. Alt, and Ronald A. Depinho (_Nature_, Vol. 421, No. 6923, February 6, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 643-648).

http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage.taf?file=/nature/journal/v421/n6923/abs/nature01385_fs.html
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13. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Musculoskeletal Aching in the Older Adult: Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis," by Maryann Leslie, Dorcas C. Fitzgerald, and Carolyn Mikanowicz (_Topics in Advanced Practice Nursing eJournal_ via Medscape).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/448336

B. "Atrial Fibrillation in the Elderly: Anticoagulation Strategies and Indications in the Very Elderly," by Sridar Kamath (_American Journal of Geriatric Cardiology_ via Medscape, Vol. 11, No. 6, 2002, p. 357-364).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/447461
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14. ILCUSA REPORT: "ILC Policy Report" (International Longevity Center, USA, January 2003, .pdf format, 6p.). The ILC Policy Report is "a monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad."

http://www.ilcusa.org/_lib/pdf/ilc200301.pdf
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15. PBS DOCUMENTARY: "Maggie Growls," is a documentary about the life of Maggie Kuhn (founder of the Gray Panthers). At this page you can access a preview of the documentary, get background information about the making of the documentary, as well as information about broadcast schedules. You can also order a copy of the film.

http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/maggiegrowls/

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III. Working Papers:

16. NBER:

A. "Inter-Asset Differences in Effective Estate Tax Burdens," by James Poterba and Scott Weisbenner (National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper w9456, January 2003, .pdf format, 12p.).

Abstract:

This paper explores the effect of discretion in estate valuation techniques on the effective estate tax burden on different asset classes. For some assets, such as liquid securities, there is relatively little discretion in valuation. For other assets, such as partial interests in closely-held businesses, family limited partnerships, and real assets or collectibles that are traded in thin markets, estate valuations may be more difficult to establish. Estate tax filers may therefore be able to select valuations that reduce the reported value of the estate assets, and therefore the effective estate tax burden. In 1998, estates that invoked the doctrine of minority discounts' in valuing non-controlling interests in limited partnerships claimed an average discount of 36 percent for these assets, relative to their estimated market value. More than half of all limited partnership assets reported on estate tax returns were valued using this doctrine. This suggests that for a given statutory estate tax rate, the effective estate tax burden may be greater on assets that are easily valued than on difficult-to-value assets. A comparison of the mix of assets reported on estate tax returns, and the mix the estate tax returns would be predicted to hold, given data from the Survey of Consumer Finances, is consistent with lower relative valuations for difficult-to-value assets.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W9456

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

B. "Individual Subjective Survival Curves," by Li Gan, Michael Hurd, and Daniel McFadden (National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper w9480, January 2003, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

Testing life-cycle models and other economic models of saving and consumption at micro level requires knowledge of individuals' subjective believes of their mortality risk. Previous studies have shown that individual responses on subjective survival probabilities are generally consistent with life tables. However, survey responses suffer serious problems caused by focal responses of zero and one. This paper suggests using a Bayesian update model that accounts for the problems encountered in focal responses. We also propose models that help us to identify how much each individual deviates from life table in her subjective belief. The resulting individual subjective survival curves have considerable variations and are readily applicable in testing economic models that require individual subjective life expectancies.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W9480

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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17. JOHN F. KENNEDY SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT HARVARD UNIVERSITY: "Extended Care Career Ladder Initiative (ECCLI) Round 2: Evaluation Report," by Randall Wilson, Susan C. Eaton and Amara Kamanu (John F. Kennedy School of Government Research Working Paper 03-006, January 2003, .pdf format, 106p.).

To view the abstract go to:

http://ksgnotes1.harvard.edu/research/wpaper.nsf/rwp/RWP03-006?OpenDocument

Click on the .pdf icon to view the electronic full-text.
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18. UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA POPULATION AGING RESEARCH CENTER (PARC): "Marital Instability and the Distribution of Wealth," by Nezih Guner and John Knowles (WPS 02-05, December 2002, .pdf format, 52p.).

Abstract:

The levels of wealth differ significantly among the old both by current marital status as well as by marital histories. We develop an equilibrium model of marriage and divorce and household savings, where the interplay between endogenous formation and dissolution of families and savings decisions plays a key role. We show that a calibrated version of the model can reproduce observed patterns of wealth inequality by marital status and marital history.

http://lexis.pop.upenn.edu/rc/parc/aging_center/2002/PARCwps02-05.pdf
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19. UPPSALA [Uppsala, Sweden] UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS:"Alternative Approaches to Model Withdrawals from the Labour Market - A Literature Review," by Tuulia Hakola (Department of Economics Working Paper 2003-04, December 2002, .pdf format, 39p).

Abstract:

The paper reviews large literature on retirement, keeping in mind the goal of finding a suitable model to the labour market of the older workers in Sweden. The review is divided into six sections. The first section explains the problems of defining retirement. The second section deals with a multitude of labour market exit channels. Specific features of modeling old-age retirement, disability, sick leave, and unemployment of the aged are explained. The third section is concerned with economic and non-economic incentives. Different definitions of economic incentives are described, and the importance of a correct health measure is discussed. The fourth section is concerned with the spousal decision-making, and the fifth with the labour demand effects on retirement. The final chapter goes through strengths and weaknesses of structural and reduced-form models.

http://www.nek.uu.se/Pdf/wp2003_4.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

20. Aging and Mental Health (Vol. 7, No. 1, 2003).

http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/link.asp?id=83XUUHTBQ9XC

21. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 157, No. 3, Feb. 1, 2003). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available at the site. Check your organization's library.

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol157/issue3/index.shtml

22. Journals of Gerontology (A) Biological and Medical Sciences (Vols. 58A, Nos. 1, January 2003). Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your organization's library for the availability of this database and these issues.

http://biomed.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol58/issue1/index.shtml?etoc

23. Journal of Marriage and the Family (Vol. 65, No. 1, February 2003). Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your organization's library for the availability of this database and these issues.

http://ncfr.allenpress.com/ncfronline/?request=get-toc&issn=0022-2445&volume=065&issue=01

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24. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box, click the "fax/ariel" radio button, and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Aging and Physical Activity (Vol. 11, No. 1, 2003).

Journal of Gerontological Social Work (Vol. 38, No. 1/2, 2002).

Social Work (Vol. 48, No. 2, 2003). Note: Full electronic text is available in the ProQuest Research Library Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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25. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of February 4, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of February 4, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of February 4, 2003:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Funding Opportunities:

26. RESEARCH!AMERICA PROGRAM ANNOUNCEMENT: Research!America is pleased to announce the Call for Nominations for the second annual "Eugene Garfield Economic Impact of Medical and Health Research Award." The purpose of the award is "to recognize those who have contributed outstanding work on the economic impact of medical and health research." "The second award, which again carries an honorarium of $5,000, will be presented at a special reception in conjunction with the Research!America Board of Directors' meeting on June 17, 2003, in St. Louis, MO." Nominations should include:

- A copy of the publication (or thesis) describing the work. To be considered, the work must have been published or accepted for publication (or filed, in the case of thesis) between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 2002, inclusive.

- A 200-word statement summarizing the reasons the work is worthy of recognition. (Note: self-nominations are welcome.)

- Descriptive information on the nominee(s).

Information about this year's award is not yet available on the Research!America web site, for more information you can view the press release about last year's award:

http://www.researchamerica.org/media/releases/01_04_2002.html

For more information about Research!America go to:

http://www.researchamerica.org/about/

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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