Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #158--October 24, 2002

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Reports and articles:

1. GAO REPORT: "Medicare Physician Payments: Medical Settings and Safety of Endoscopic Procedures," (US General Accounting Office, GAO-03-179, October 18, 2002, .pdf format, 28p.).

http://www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-179

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports can always be found at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

Search on title or report number.
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2. HHS NEWS RELEASES:

A. "HHS Announces Medicare Premium and Deductible Rates for 2003" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Oct. 18, 2002).

http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2002pres/20021018.html

B. "New Regulation Would Help Reduce Drug Costs For Consumers" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Oct. 21, 2002).

http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2002pres/20021021a.html

C. "Medicare Launches Annual Beneficiary Education Campaign to Provide Answers to Questions About Medicare" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Oct. 22, 2002).

http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2002pres/20021022a.html
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3. STATISTICS CANADA CENSUS 2001 REPORT: "Profile of Canadian families and households: Diversification Continues" (Statistics Canada, 2002, .pdf format, 33p.). Note: Selected tables and highlight articles in this publication may be of interest to researchers in aging.

http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census01/Products/Analytic/companion/fam/pdf/96F0030XIE2001003.pdf
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4. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING PRESS RELEASE: "$3.6 Million Boost for Respite Services," (Australian Department of Health and Ageing, October 18, 2002).

http://www.health.gov.au/mediarel/yr2002/ka/ka02082.htm
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5. _NATURE_ ABSTRACT: "Stochastic and genetic factors influence tissue-specific decline in ageing _C. elegans_," by Laura A. Herndon, Peter J. Schmeissner, Justyna M. Dudaronek, Paula A. Brown, Kristin M. Listner, Yuko Sakano, Marie C. Paupard, David H. Hall, and Monica Driscoll (_Nature_, Vol. 419, No. 6909, Oct. 24, 2002, p. 808-814).

http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage.taf?file=/nature/journal/v419/n6909/abs/nature01135_fs.html
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6. _BMJ_ EDITORIAL: "Electronic tagging of people with dementia who wander," by Julian C. Hughes and Stephen J. Louw (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 325, No. 7369, October 19, 2002, HTML and .pdf format, p. 847-848).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/325/7369/847
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7. _LANCET_ SCIENCE AND MEDICINE: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Promising developments in Alzheimer's immunotherapy," by David M. Lawrence (_Lancet_ Science and Medicine, Vol. 360, No. 9341, Oct. 19, 2002, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1227).

HTML:

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol360/iss9341/full/llan.360.9341.news.22848.4

.pdf:

http://pdf.thelancet.com/pdfdownload?uid=llan.360.9341.news.22848.4&x=x.pdf

B. "Coenzyme Q10 could slow functional decline in Parkinson's disease," by Helen Frankish (_Lancet_ Science and Medicine, Vol. 360, No. 9341, Oct. 19, 2002, HTML and. .pdf format, p. 1227).

HTML:

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol360/iss9341/full/llan.360.9341.news.22848.5

.pdf:

http://pdf.thelancet.com/pdfdownload?uid=llan.360.9341.news.22848.4&x=x.pdf
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8. MEDSCAPE ARTICLES: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "The Elderly -- Who Needs 'em?" by Harry Goldhagen (Medscape Infectious Diseases, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2002).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/442306

B. "Valproate-Associated Dysmyelopoiesis in Elderly Patients," by Chi-chiu So and Kit-fai Wong (_American Journal of Clinical Pathology_, Vol. 118, No. 2, 2002, p. 225-228, via Medscape).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/441149?mpid=5049
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9. _TIME_ ARTICLE: "Pension Bomb: More big companies face huge obligations to retirees--a new red flag for investors," by Daniel Kadlec (_Time_, Vol. 160, No. 18, Oct. 28, 2002).

http://www.time.com/time/globalbusiness/article/0,9171,1101021028-366311,00.html
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10. _US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT_ ARTICLE: "Hormones of choice," by Bernadine Healy (_US News and World Report_, Oct. 28, 2002).

http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/021028/health/28healy.htm
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11. _FORBES_ ARTICLE: "Accelerated Payment: Now there's life insurance that pays when you're sick or disabled--but still alive," by Carrie Coolidge (_Forbes_, Oct. 28, 2002).

http://www.forbes.com/forbes/2002/1028/336.html
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12. _ECONOMIST_ ARTICLE: "Infant mortality: Trouble with the in-laws" (_Economist_, Oct. 17, 2002).

http://www.economist.com/printedition/displayStory.cfm?Story_ID=1389894

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II. Working Papers:

13. NBER:

A. "The Stability and Growth Pact as an Impediment to Privatizing Social Security," by Assaf Razin and Efraim Sadka (National Bureau of Economic Research w9278, October 2002, .pdf format, 18p.).

Abstract:

The aging of the population shakes the confidence in the economic viability of pay-as-you-go social security systems. We demonstrate how in a political-economy framework the shaken confidence leads to the downsizing of the social security-system, and to the emergence of supplemental individual retirement programs. Lifting the Stability-Pact type ceiling on fiscal deficits is shown to facilitate the transition from a national to a private pension system, through an endogenously determined shift in the median voter.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W9278

Click on "PDF" at the bottom of the abstract or submit your email address for full text.

B. "Does Medicare Benefit the Poor? New Answers to an Old Question," by Jay Bhattacharya and Darius Lakdawalla (National Bureau of Economic Research w9280, October 2002, .pdf format, 37p.).

Abstract:

Previous research has found that Medicare benefits flow primarily to the most economically advantaged groups and that the financial returns to Medicare are consequently higher for the rich than for the poor. Taking a different approach, we find very different results. According to the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey, the poorest groups receive the most benefits at any given age. In fact, the advantage of the poor in benefit receipt is so great that it easily overcomes their higher death rates. This leads to the result that the financial returns to Medicare are actually much higher for poorer groups in the population and that Medicare is a highly progressive public program. These new results appear to owe themselves to our measurement of socioeconomic status at the individual level, in contrast to the aggregated measures used by previous research.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W9280

Click on "PDF" at the bottom of the abstract or submit your email address for full text.
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14. KELLOGG SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT, NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY: "Designing Optimal Benefit Rules for Flexible Retirement," by Peter Eso and Andras Simonovits (Working Paper No. 1353, September 2002, .pdf format, 20p.).

Abstract:

This paper applies the techniques of mechanism design to find an optimal nonlinear pension benefit rule for flexible old-age retirement. We assume that individuals have private information regarding their expected lifespans. The government's goal is to design a pension system (a payroll tax and a function relating benefits to employment length), which maximizes a social welfare function and satisfies a social budget constraint. Since individuals with different expected lifespans optimize their employment lengths conditional on the benefit function, the government must also take into account incentive constraints. We characterize the solution to this problem for various social welfare functions. Under utilitarianism, the solution is a completely inflexible system, where all individuals retire at the same age with the same (yearly) benefits; and, surprisingly, the first-best (complete information) aggregate welfare is attained. If the social welfare function is strictly concave, then individuals with shorter expected lifespans retire earlier with benefits lower than those in the first-best. In the optimal pension system, individuals with shorter expected lifespans subsidize those who expect to live longer. We also compute the optimal benefit rule for several specifications with CRRA utility functions and realistic parameter values, and discuss the numerical results.

http://www.kellogg.northwestern.edu/research/math/pdf-files-dps/1353.pdf
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15. CENTRE D'ETUDES PROSPECTIVES ET D'INFORMATION INTERNATIONALES (CEPII) [FRANCE]: "Demographic Evolutions and Unemployment: an Analysis of French Labour Market with Workers Generations," by Jean Chateau, Jean-Louis Gurin, and Florence Legros (Working Paper No. 2002-11, October 2002, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

This paper describes a segmented matching labour market model with generations of workers. This model is calibrated on French data. The results refute the usual idea, according to which a decrease in labour supply leads to a decrease in unemployment. The combination of pure demographic effects with scalwedge effects due to the increase in subscription rates lead to a serious rise of the unemployment rate. Various alternative specifications are also studied such as an increase of work duration or a lowering in replacement rates.

http://www.cepii.fr/anglaisgraph/workpap/summaries/2002/wp02-11.htm

Click on "Full text (pdf)" below the abstract for full text.
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III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

16. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 36, No. 1, Jan. 2003).

http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jnlnr/08003

Follow the link to "Tables of Contents".
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17. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Gerontological Social Work (Vol. 37, No. 1, 2002).
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18. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Oct. 22, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 22, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 22, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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IV. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

19. NIH FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES:

A. "Intergenerational Family Resource Allocation" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, and National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, RFA-HD-02-030, October 16, 2002).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-HD-02-030.html

B. "Role of Sleep and Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Metabolic Syndrome" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, RFA-HL-03-003, October 16, 2002).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-HL-03-008.html
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20. NIA EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY: The US National Institute on Aging is"seeking a Health Scientist Administrator (HSA) for the Population and Social Processes Branch, Behavioral and Social Research (BSR) Program of the NIA. BSR supports training and basic social and behavioral research on aging processes and older people in society. It also focuses on how people change with age, on the interrelationships between older people and social institutions, and on the societal impact of population aging. As an HSA, you will plan, develop, implement and administer a program composed of research grants, research training grants, fellowships, cooperative agreements and research contracts, in one or more of the following areas: behavior and population genetics, demography, economics, and population/social/cognitive epidemiology. In addition, you will advise Institute staff of significant research findings; represent NIA at meetings and program projects site visits reviews; initiate and bear responsibility as a project officer for the management of research grants and cooperative agreements; prepare Congressional testimony." For more information see:

http://careerhere.nih.gov/CHPublic/HRShowVac.taf?&VACANCY_uid1=13096

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V. Legislation Information Updates:

21. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING PUBLICATION: "Schemer, Scammers, and Sweetheart Deals: Financial Predators of the Elderly," a hearing held May 20, 2002 (US Senate Hearing 107-581, Serial No. 107-25, ASCII text and .pdf format, 107p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/senate/senate22sh107.html

Scroll to or "find in page" "107-581" (without the quotes).

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu