Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #154--September 26, 2002

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. NCHS: "Early Release of Selected Estimates Based on Data From the First Quarter of 2002 NHIS (National Health Interview Survey)" (US National Center for Health Statistics, September 2002). There are several age group charts that may be of interest to researchers in aging.

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/nhis/released200209.htm
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2. CENSUS BUREAU: The US Census Bureau has released Summary File 3 data for the 2000 Census at the national level.

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2002/sumfile3.html

Scroll to "National".
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II. Reports and articles:

3. CENSUS BUREAU REPORTS:

A. "Money Income in the United States: 2001," by Carmen DeNavas-Walt and Robert W. Cleveland (US Census Bureau Current Population Reports, Consumer Income P60-218, September 2002, .pdf format, 27p.).

B. "Poverty in the United States: 2001," by Bernadette D. Proctor and Joseph Dalaker (US Census Bureau Current Population Reports, Consumer Income P60-219, September 2002, .pdf format, 35p.).

Both reports are linked to from a Census Bureau News Release: "Poverty Rate Rises, Household Income Declines, Census Bureau Reports" (Sep. 24, 2002).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2002/cb02-124.html
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4. GAO REPORT: "Long-Term Care: Availability of Medicaid Home and Community Services for Elderly Individuals Varies Across States," (US General Accounting Office, GAO-02-1121, September 26, 2002, .pdf format, 38p.). Note: This report was presented to the Senate Special Committee on Aging at a hearing held September 26, 2002 (see item 27B).

http://www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-02-1121

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports can always be found at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

Search on title or report number.
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5. CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES REPORT: "Medicare + Choice Nonrenewal Reports CY2003," (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, September 2002, zipped Excel format). Note: CMMS is providing two tables with summary data on the HMOs leaving the Medicare+Choice program.

http://cms.hhs.gov/healthplans/nonrenewal/reports2003.asp

Click on "Download" to view the tables.
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6. DHHS OIG PROPOSED ADMINISTRATIVE RULE:

"Safe Harbor Under the Anti-Kickback Statute for the Waiver of Medicare SELECT Beneficiary Coinsurance and Deductible Amounts," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General, September 25, 2002, .pdf format, (Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 186, p. 60202-60205)). Note: Comments on the rule must be submitted by October 25, 2002.

Rule Summary:

This proposed rule would expand the existing safe harbor for certain waivers of beneficiary coinsurance and deductible amounts to benefit the policyholders of Medicare SELECT supplemental insurance. Specifically, the amended safe harbor would protect waivers of coinsurance and deductible amounts under Part A or Part B of the Medicare program owed by beneficiaries covered by a Medicare SELECT supplemental insurance policy issued in accordance with section 1882(t)(1) of the Social Security Act (the Act), if the waiver is in accordance with a price reduction agreement covering such policyholders between the Medicare SELECT issuer and the provider or supplier offering the waiver and the waiver is otherwise permitted under the Medicare program.

http://oig.hhs.gov/fraud/docs/safeharborregulations/MedicareSELECTNPRMFederalRegister.pdf
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7. NIH NIA NEWS RELEASE:

"New Drugs Protect Nerve Cells in Parkinson Mice," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, Sep. 25, 2002).

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/sep2002/nia-25.htm
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8. PENSIONS POLICY INSTITUTE REPORT: "Raising State Pension Age: Are We Ready?" by Alison O'Connell (Pensions Policy Institute, September 2002, .pdf format, 54p.). Note: This report examines whether the UK will need to increase the age at which individuals are eligible for pension benefits.

http://www.pensionspolicyinstitute.org.uk/news.asp?p=8&s=2

Click on the "PDF" icon.

For more information about the Institute go to:

http://www.pensionspolicyinstitute.org.uk/page.asp?p=2
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9. _JAMA_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT:

A. "Prevalence of Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment: Results From the Cardiovascular Health Study," by Constantine G. Lyketsos, Oscar Lopez, Beverly Jones, Annette L. Fitzpatrick, John Breitner, and Steven DeKosky (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 288 No. 12, September 25, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1475-1483).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/current/abs/joc20689.html

B. "Effects of Losartan on Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality in Patients With Isolated Systolic Hypertension and Left Ventricular Hypertrophy," by Sverre E. Kjeldsen, Björn Dahlöf, Richard B. Devereux, Stevo Julius, Peter Aurup, Jonathan Edelman, Gareth Beevers, Ulf de Faire, Frej Fyhrquist, Hans Ibsen, Krister Kristianson, Ole Lederballe-Pedersen, Lars H. Lindholm, Markku S. Nieminen, Per Omvik, Suzanne Oparil, Steven Snapinn, and Hans Wedel; for the LIFE Study Group (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 288 No. 12, September 25, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1491-1498).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/current/abs/joc20469.html
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10. _BMJ_ PAPERS, EDITORIAL, AND REVIEW:

A. "Observational study of upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage in elderly patients given selective cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors or conventional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs," by Muhammad Mamdani, Paula A. Rochon, David N. Juurlink, Alex Kopp, Geoffrey M. Anderson, Gary Naglie, Peter C. Austin, and Andreas Laupacis (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 325, No. 7365, September 21, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 624-628).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/325/7365/624

B. "Efficacy, tolerability, and upper gastrointestinal safety of celecoxib for treatment of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis: systematic review of randomised controlled trials," by Jonathan J. Deeks, Lesley A. Smith, and Matthew D. Bradley (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 325, No. 7365, September 21, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 619-623).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/325/7365/619

C. "Efficacy and safety of COX 2 inhibitors," by Roger Jones (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 325, No. 7365, September 21, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 607-608).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/325/7365/607

D. "Is longevity a sustainable goal?" by Imre Loefler (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 325, No. 7365, September 21, 2002, HTML format, p. 665).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/325/7365/665
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11. _LANCET_ RAPID REVIEW: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

"Evidence from randomised trials on the long-term effects of hormone replacement therapy," by Valerie Beral, Emily Banks, and Gillian Reeves (_Lancet_, Vol. 360, No. 9337, September 21, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 942-944).

HTML: http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol360/iss9337/full/llan.360.9337.editorial_and_review.22555.1

PDF: http://pdf.thelancet.com/pdfdownload?uid=llan.360.9337.editorial_and_review.22555.1&x=x.pdf
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12. _NATURE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "The harlequin mouse mutation downregulates apoptosis-inducing factor," by Jeffrey A. Klein, Chantal M. Longo-Guess, Marlies P. Rossman, Kevin L. Seburn, Ronald E. Hurd, Wayne N. Frankel, Roderick T. Bronson, and Susan L. Ackerman (_Nature_, Vol. 419, No. 6905, September 26, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 367-374).

http://www.nature.com/nlink/v419/n6905/abs/nature01034_fs.html
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13. CENTER FOR STUDYING HEALTH SYSTEM CHANGE DATA BULLETIN: "Aging Plays Limited Role in Health Care Cost Trends," by Bradley C. Strunk and Paul B. Ginsburg (Data Bulletin No. 23, September 25, 2002, .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.hschange.org/CONTENT/473/

For more information about the Center go to:

http://www.hschange.org/index.cgi?file=about
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14. US NEWS AND WORLD REPORTS ARTICLES:

A. "The New Math of Old Age," by Christopher H. Schmitt (US News and World Reports, September 30, 2002).

http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/020930/health/30homes.htm

B. "Big fees," (US News and World Reports, September 30, 2002).

http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/020930/health/30homes.b.htm

C. "Scrimping on care," (US News and World Reports, September 30, 2002).

http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/020930/health/30homes.b2.htm
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15. TIME ARTICLE: "Is 60 Too Old?" by Sally B. Donnelly (Time, Vol. 160, No. 14, September 30, 2002).

http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1101020930-353556,00.html
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III. Working Papers:

16. NBER:

A. "The Effects of a Baby Boom on Stock Prices and Capital Accumulation in the Presence of Social Security," by Andrew B. Abel (National Bureau of Economic Research w9210, September 2002, .pdf format, 33p.).

Abstract:

Is the stock market boom a result of the baby boom? This paper develops an overlapping generations model in which a baby boom is modeled as a high realization of a random birth rate, and the price of capital is determined endogenously by a convex cost of adjustment. A baby boom increases national saving and investment and thus causes an increase in the price of capital. The price of capital is mean-reverting so the initial increase in the price of capital is followed by a decrease. Social Security can potentially affect national saving and investment, though in the long run, it does not affect the price of capital.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W9210

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "The Trick is to Live: Is the Estate Tax Social Security for the Rich?" by Wojciech Kopczuk (National Bureau of Economic Research w9188, September 2002, .pdf format, 26p.).

Abstract:

Because estate tax liability usually depends on how long one lives, it implicitly provides annuity income. In the absence of annuity markets, lump-sum estate taxation may be used to achieve the first-best solution for individuals with a sufficiently strong bequest motive. Calculations of the annuity embedded in the U.S. estate tax show that people with $10 million of assets may be effectively receiving more than $100,000 a year financed at actuarially fair rates by their tax payments. According to my calibrations, the insurance effect reduces the marginal cost of funds (MCF) for the estate tax by as much as 30% and the resulting MCF is within the range of estimates for the marginal cost of funds for the income tax.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W9188

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.
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17. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH:

A. "Disability and Employment: Reevaluating the Evidence in Light of Reporting Errors," by Brent Kreider and John V. Pepper (WP 2002-06, September 2002, .pdf format, 37p.).

Links to an extensive abstract and full text:

http://www.bc.edu/centers/crr/wp_2002-06.shtml

B. "The Effect of Unplanned Changes in Marital and Disability Status: Interrupted Trajectories and Labor Force Participation," by John B. Williamson and Tay K. McNamara (WP 2002-05, September 2002, .pdf format, 58p.).

Links to an extensive abstract and full text:

http://www.bc.edu/centers/crr/wp_2002-05.shtml
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18. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR APPLIED SYSTEMS ANALYSIS (IIASA) [Laxenburg, Austria]: "The End of Population Growth in Asia," by Wolfgang Lutz and Sergei Scherbov (IIASA Interim Report IR-02-60, August 2002, .pdf and PostScript format, 15p.).

Abstract:

This paper presents probabilistic population projections for five regions of Asia (South Asia, Central Asia, China region, Pacific OECD and Pacific Asia) and Asia as a whole. Over this century, Asia will experience a very heterogeneous demographic development: Central Asia is still expected to almost double its population and South Asia will become by far the worlds most populous region, rapidly surpassing the China region. Simultaneously, todays Pacific OECD countries are likely to shrink in size and experience extreme population aging. The proportion of the population above age 60 in these countries (with Japan having the greatest weight) is expected to reach an incredible 50 percent of the total population (with the 95 percent uncertainty interval ranging from 35 to 61 percent). The China region will experience a more rapid speed of aging with the proportion above age 60 expected to increase by a factor of four from 10 percent in 2000 to 39 percent in 2100.

http://www.iiasa.ac.at/cgi-bin/pubsrch?IR02060

Click on "PDF" or "PS" icon for full text.

More information on IIASA:

http://www.iiasa.ac.at/
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19. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC DEPARTMENT:

A. "The Brazilian pension system: Recent reforms and challenges ahead," by Marcos Bonturi (OECD Economics Department Working Paper 340, August 2002, .pdf format, 35p.).

Abstract:

Brazil's public pension expenditure is about 9 per cent of GDP, above the OECD average. Given that OECD countries are generally not only wealthier, but also significantly older, Brazil's pension expenditures are clearly excessive, draining resources away from other areas, such as much needed social investment in health and education. Beyond its fiscal impact, the Brazilian pension system is also unjust. About half of total pension expenditure is paid to former civil servants, which account for only 5 per cent of total retirees. Given the demographic challenges Brazil is likely to face in the next decades, authorities have started to implement a series of reforms. The general regime available to private sector workers underwent major changes in 1999, which will help ensure its long-term actuarial and financial balance. However, problems remain concerning the growth of the informal economy, the weight of non-pension benefits financially imputed to the regime and the mechanisms for the indexation of pension benefits. Reforms of the special schemes for civil servants have been more timid, even though they are significantly more generous than the general regime. Recently, some degree of pre-funding has been introduced at state level, as a few states have reformed the pension schemes for their public employees. But these incipient schemes, often financed with proceeds from privatisation, provide at best short-term fiscal relief to state governments.

http://www.oecd.org/EN/longabstract/0,,EN-longabstract-notheme-8-no-10-18729-0,00.html

Click on the title to view the full text of this working paper.

B. "Coping with population ageing in Hungary," by Andrew Burns and Jaromir Cekota (OECD Economics Department Working Paper 338, August 2002, .pdf format, 44p.).

Abstract:

This paper examines economic challenges posed by the combination of an ageing and declining population in Hungary and develops policy-oriented recommendations for addressing them. The authors identify the scale and specific properties of the demographic problem in Hungary where the population started to decline earlier than in any other OECD country. Public support for the elderly is provided by the social-security pension system and the healthcare system. While the former was reformed with partial success in the late 1990s, thelatter developed less successfully, threatening to generate massive deficits in the long run. Projections indicate that even the public pension system may become unsustainable, unless the authorities restore the parameters of the original reform and encourage successfully higher labour force participation. In this context, measures to improve employability of the numerically strong and growing Roma minority are particularly pertinent. The healthcare sector needs to be reformed radically for its efficiency to be appreciably enhanced; such reform should be complemented by an increased scope for private provision and financing of health services.

http://www.oecd.org/EN/longabstract/0,,EN-longabstract-notheme-8-no-10-18539-0,00.html

Click on the title to view the full text of this working paper.
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20. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT DIRECTORATE FOR EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT, LABOUR AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS OCCASIONAL PAPER: "Getting Older, Getting Poorer? A Study of the Earnings, Pensions, Assets and Living Arrangements of Older People in Nine Countries," by Bernard Casey and Atsuhiro Yamada (OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Paper No. 60, August 2002, .pdf and MSWord format, 70p.).

From the Report Summary:

This paper examines the wellbeing of people as they pass through the later stages of their life and through different labour market statuses and domestic statuses. It examines and compares nine countries --Canada, Finland, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. It draws particularly from a special analysis of micro-data sets that report on incomes, but it complements this with an analysis of data on wealth, on consumption, on housing and on the use of in-kind services provided by the state.

http://www.olis.oecd.org/OLIS/2002DOC.NSF/LINKTO/DEELSA-ELSA-WD(2002)4

Click on icon to access the full-text.

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

21. Ageing International (Vol. 27, No. 3, 2002).

http://www.catchword.com/rpsv/cw/tranpub/01635158/v27n3/contp1-1.htm
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22. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 35, No. 3, Nov. 2002).

http://www.elsevier.nl/locate/jnlnr/08003

Follow the link to "Tables of Contents".
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23. The Gerontologist (Vol. 42, No. 5, October 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.

http://gerontologist.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol42/issue5/index.shtml
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24. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Educational Gerontology (Vol. 28, No. 7, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.

Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal (Vol. 31, No. 1, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of Applied Gerontology (Vol. 21, No. 3, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database and the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.

Medical Care Research and Review (Vol. 59, No. 3, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this databases and this issue.

Omega: Journal of Death and Dying (Vol. 44, No. 4, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.
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25. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of September 24, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of September 24, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of September 24, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Funding Opportunities:

26. NIH/NIA: "Notice of Limited Competition Integrating Cancer and Aging Research in NCI-Designated Cancer Centers," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging and National Cancer Institute, NOT-CA-02-027, September 20, 2002).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-CA-02-027.html
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VI. Legislation Information Updates:

27. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARINGS:

A. "Disease Management and Coordinating Care: What Role Can They Play in Improving the Quality of Life for Medicare's Most Vulnerable?" a hearing held September 19, 2002.

B. "Faces of Aging: Personal Struggles to Confront the Long-Term Care Crisis," a hearing held September 26, 2002.

To view the hearing testimony, go to:

http://aging.senate.gov/events/

Click on the title of the hearing.

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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