Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #133--May 2, 2002

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Reports and articles:

1. DHHS OIG -- REPORT: "Medicare Payment for Nonphysician Clinical Staff in Cardiothoracic Surgery," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General, OEI-09-01-00130, April 2002, .pdf format, 26p.).

Purpose of the Report:

This inspection assesses (1)the frequency, payment, and reasons cardiothoracic surgeons use their own nonphysician clinical staff to perform surgery-related hospital duties and (2) the manner and extent to which Medicare pays for these services.

http://oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-09-01-00130.pdf
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2. GAO -- CORRESPONDENCE: "Medicare Home Health: Clarifying the Homebound Definition Is Likely to Have Little Effect on Costs and Access," (US General Accounting Office GAO-02-555R, April 26, 2002, .pdf format, 10p.).

http://www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-02-555R

Note: This is a temporary addresses. GAO reports can usually be found at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

Search on title or report number. There is, however, no guarantee that this report, being an official correspondence, will be archived at the above Government Printing Office site.
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3. DHHS/DOJ -- REPORT: "Health Care Fraud and Abuse Control Program Annual Report For FY 2001," (US Department of Health and Human Services and US Department of Justice, April 2002, HTML format).

Executive Summary:

"The detection and elimination of health care fraud and abuse is a top priority of Federal law enforcement. Our efforts to combat fraud were consolidated and strengthened considerably by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). HIPAA established a national Health Care Fraud and Abuse Control Program (HCFAC or the Program), under the joint direction of the Attorney General and the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) (1), acting through the Department's Inspector General (HHS/OIG), designed to coordinate Federal, state and local law enforcement activities with respect to health care fraud and abuse. The fifth year of operation under the Program saw a continuation of the collaborative efforts of Federal and state enforcement and oversight agencies to identify and prosecute the most egregious instances of health care fraud, to prevent future fraud or abuse, and to protect program beneficiaries."

http://www.usdoj.gov/dag/pubdoc/hipaa01fe19.htm
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4. CMS -- REPORT: "Acute Care Hospitals," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, April 29, 2002, .pdf format, 42p.). This report, and the accompanying Appendix (10p.), are part of the CMS Health Care Industry Market Update.

http://cms.hhs.gov/reports/hcimu/

Scoll to "Acute Care Hospitals" or "Volume II, Appendix".
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5. AOA -- PRESS RELEASE: "HHS Awards New Native American Grants for Tribal Elders and Caregivers," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Aging, released April 25, 2002). "HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson today announced $27.6 million in grants to support vital community programs and services for tribal elders and their caregivers. This amount reflects an 8.5 percent increase in funding for fiscal year 2002 and includes 10 tribal organizations receiving federal funds for aging services for the first time." The press release includes a table listing the tribes that received grants, as well as the amount of each grant.

http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/pressroom/Pr2002/pr-na-grants2002.html
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6. NSF -- NEWS RELEASE: "Alzheimer's, Other Diseases, May Benefit from First Live Studies of Key Cell Structures," (US National Science Foundation, Apr. 29, 2002).

http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/news/02/pr0232.htm
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7. _LANCET_ ARTICLE, SCIENCE AND MEDICINE NEWS: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

A. "Reduced hearing, ownership, and use of hearing aids in elderly people in the UK--the MRC Trial of the Assessment and Management of Older People in the Community: a cross-sectional survey," by Liam Smeeth, Astrid E. Fletcher, Edmond Siu-Woon Ng, Sue Stirling, Maria Nunes, Elizabeth Breeze, Christopher J. Bulpitt, Dee Jones, and Alistair Tulloch (_Lancet_, Vol. 359, No. 9316, April 27, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1466-1470). Note: _Lancet_ is providing free access to the electronic full-text of this article.

HTML: http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol359/iss9316/full/llan.359.9316.original_research.20877.1

PDF: http://pdf.thelancet.com/pdfdownload?uid=llan.359.9316.original_research.20877.1&x=x.pdf

B. "Expert panel unsure of HRT benefits for conditions other than menopause," by David M. Lawrence (_Lancet_, Vol. 359, No. 9316, April 27, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1493).

HTML: http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol359/iss9316/full/llan.359.9316.news.20944.2

PDF:http://pdf.thelancet.com/pdfdownload?uid=llan.359.9316.news.20944.2&x=x.pdf
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8. _BMJ_ ARTICLE: "Decision making processes in people with symptoms of acute myocardial infarction: qualitative study," by Jill Pattenden, Ian Watt, Robert J. P. Lewin, and Neil Stanford (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 324, No. 7344, April 27, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1006-1008).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/324/7344/1006
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9. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: Electronic full-text of PNAS articles may be available. Check with your organization's library.

A. "Inclusion body myositis-like phenotype induced by transgenic overexpression of beta APP in skeletal muscle," by Michael C. Sugarman, Tritia R. Yamasaki, Salvatore Oddo, Julio C. Echegoyen, M. Paul Murphy, Todd E. Golde, Mehrdad Jannatipour, Malcolm A. Leissring, and Frank M. LaFerla (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 9, April 30, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 6334-6339).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/99/9/6334

B. "Tau is essential to beta -amyloid-induced neurotoxicity," by Mark Rapoport, Hana N. Dawson, Lester I. Binder, Michael P. Vitek, and Adriana Ferreira (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 9, April 30, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 6364-6369).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/99/9/6364
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10. _JAMA_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT, LETTERS:

A. "Dignity-Conserving Care: A New Model for Palliative Care," by Harvey Max Chochinov (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 287, No. 17, May 1, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2253-2260).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/current/abs/jel10003.html

B. "Postmenopausal Hormone Replacement, Body Mass Index, and Quality of Life," by Carmen Rodriguez, Eugenia E. Calle, Mark A. Hlatky, and Derek Boothroyd (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 287, No. 17, May 1, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2210-2211).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/current/ffull/jlt0501-2.html

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11. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE -- BRIEF: "Sex and 401(k) Plans," by Sheila Campbell and Alicia H. Munnell (Center for Retirement Research at Boston College Just the Fact #4, May 2002, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.bc.edu/crr/jtf_4.shtml
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12. ILC POLICY REPORT: "ILC Policy Report: Longevity News and Trends in the U.S. and Abroad" (International Longevity Center USA, April 2002, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.ilcusa.org/pub/periodicals.htm

April report is at:

http://www.ilcusa.org/_lib/pdf/ilc200204.pdf
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II. Working Papers:

13. NBER: "Social Security and Elderly Living Arrangements," by Gary V. Engelhardt, Jonathan Gruber, and Cynthia D. Perry (National Bureau of Economic Research w8911, April 2002, .pdf format, 30p.).

Abstract:

One of the most important economic decisions facing the elderly, and their families, is whether to live independently. A number of previous studies suggest that widows are fairly responsive to Social Security benefits in deciding whether to live independently. But these previous studies have either generally relied on differences in benefits across families or cohorts, which are potentially correlated with other determinants of living arrangements, or have used data from the distant past. We propose a new approach that relies on the large exogenous shifts in benefits generosity for cohorts born in the 1910-1921 period, and we study the impact of this change in living arrangements in the 1980s and 1990s. In this period, benefits rose quickly, due to double-indexing of the benefit formula, and then fell dramatically, as this double-indexing was corrected over a five-year period. Using these legislative changes in benefits that the living arrangements of widows are much more sensitive to Social Security income than implied by previous studies. We also find that the living arrangements of divorcees, the fastest growing group of elderly, are even more sensitive to benefit levels. Overall, our findings suggest that living arrangements are elastically demanded by non-married elderly, privacy is a normal good, and that reductions in Social Security benefits would significantly alter the living arrangements of the elderly. Our estimates imply that a 10% cut in Social Security benefits would lead more than 600,000 independent elderly households to move into shared living arrangements.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W8911

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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14. TINBERGEN INSTITUTE: "Early retirement: The impact of changes in the benefit level," by Jan H.M. Nelissen (Tinbergen Institute Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, the Universiteit van Amsterdam, and the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 2002, .pdf format, 26p.)

Abstract:

In the Netherlands a transition takes place from early retirement schemes, which are characterized by high implicit tax rates to schemes that have a higher degree of actuarial fairness. in this paper we look at the impact of this change at the labor participation rates of 55 to 65 years old persons. The analysis has been applied on repeated choices on the basis of stated preferences. We estimate a mixed (or random parameters) logit model. The most important finding is the independent role that is played by the number of years for which has built up pension claims. Its impact does not only run via the discounted value of future pension streams. The results indicate that the change in the early retirement schemes will considerably increase labor participation. A participation rate of 50% for the age group under consideration is within reach.

http://www.tinbergen.nl/scripts/papers.pl?paper=02031.rdf

Click on "PDF File" to access the electronic full-text.

For more information about the Tinbergen Institute go to:

http://www.tinbergen.nl/home.html
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III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

15. Journal of Aging Studies (Vol. 16, No. 2, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.elsevier.nl/cdweb/journals/08904065/viewer.htt
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16. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 155, No. 9, May 1, 2002). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available at the site. Check your organization's library.

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol155/issue9/index.shtml
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17. Journals of Gerontology: Biological and Medical Sciences (A) (Vols. 57A, Nos. 5, May 2002). Note 1: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available at the site. Check your organization's library. Note 2: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and these issues.

http://biomed.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol57/issue5/index.shtml
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18. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological and Social Sciences (B) (Vols. 57B, Nos. 3, May 2002). Note 1: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available at the site. Check your organization's library. Note 2: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and these issues.

http://psychsoc.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol57/issue3/index.shtml
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19. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

The Gerontologist (Vol. 42, No. 2, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.

International Journal of Ageing and Human Development (Vol. 54, No. 1, 2002).
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20. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of April 30, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of April 30, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of April 30, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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IV. Funding Opportunities:

21. NIH: "Complex Formation in Hormonal Regulation of Gene Expression," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, PA-02-100, April 26, 2002).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-02-100.html
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22. USDA FNS: "2002 Competitive Research Grants To Improve Food Stamp Program (FSP) Access," "On April 23, 2002, the (US Dept. of Agriculture) Food and Nutrition Service announced a competitive grant opportunity to improve FSP access through the use of new technology and partnerships." For more information about the program, and application materials, go to:

http://www.fns.usda.gov/fsp/GRANTS/2002/research_grants.htm
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V. Conferences:

23. NCHS: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) Seminar on the NHIS Adjunct to the NCHS Data Users Conference (to be held July 18, 2002 NCHS Auditorium, Hyattsville, Maryland). "This course will describe the design and content of the NHIS as well as specialized statistical methods and software needed to properly analyze complex survey data. Participants will be shown examples of analytic exercises using NHIS data on access to care and health insurance coverage. Examples of published work will be used to illustrate the strengths of the surveys and potential pitfalls to be avoided. There will also be time to provide help for specific analytical concerns of the participants."

For contact information about the Seminar go to:

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/nhis/comingevents.htm#Datasystem

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VI. Legislation Information Updates:

24. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON VETERANS' AFFAIRS--HEARING: "Hearing on Options to Nursing Homes - Is VA Prepared?" a hearing held April 25, 2002. Witness statements are available in both .pdf and HTML format. To view the witness statements go to:

http://veterans.senate.gov/hearings.htm

Scroll down to "April 25, 2002".
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VII. Website of Interest:

25. AOA: "Older Americans Month May, 2002, America: A Community for All Ages". The Administration on Aging has developed this web site to commemerate Older Americans Month 2002. The site includes news releases, statistical information, and downloadable images.

http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/may2002/default.htm

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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