Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #131--April 18, 2002

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. PSID: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Panel Study of Income Dynamics has added 1999 data and code books to the Family Income Plus files. Data can be downloaded in .zip compressed format or accessed via the PSID interactive extraction utility (Data Center). For more information the 4/11/02 item at:

http://www.isr.umich.edu/src/psid/whatsnew.html
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2. ICPSR DATA: The Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research at the University of Michigan has released three studies on Apr. 12, 2002. Researchers in aging may be interested in the early release data from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey (National Center for Health Statistics). It is Study # 3381.

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/recadd.html

Note: This is a temporary address. ICPSR studies can always be found at:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/search-basic.html

Search on title or study number.
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3. MEPS DATA:

A. MEPS HC-032: 1999 Jobs File (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, April 2002, ASCII and SAS Transport format, with SAS programming statements [ASCII format], and technical documentation [.pdf format]). "The file contains job-level information collected in Rounds 2-5 for the third Panel and Rounds 1-3 for the fourth Panel of the 1999 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (i.e., the rounds for the MEPS panels covering calendar year 1999; it includes variables pertaining to household-reported jobs, including wages, hours, industry, and occupation)."

To download the documentation go to:

http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/Puf/DataResultsDoc.asp?ID=77

To download the data go to:

http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/Puf/DataResultsData.asp?ID=77

B. MEPS HC-030: 1998 MEPS HC Survey Data (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, AHRQ Pub. No. 02-DP02, April 2002, available on CD-ROM only). "This CD-ROM contains the following MEPS Household Component (HC) public use files released by AHRQ for calendar year 1998: the 1998 Full-Year Consolidated Data File (HC-028); the 1998 Event Files (HC-026A through HC-026I); the 1998 Medical Conditions file (HC-027); the 1998 Jobs File (HC-025). For each of these releases, the following files are included: a README file, data file(s) in ASCII and SAS Transport format, documentation and codebook(s), and a file containing SAS programming statements and sample code for SAS users."

For ordering information go to:

http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/Data_Pub/data_cdfloppy.htm
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4. SSA OFFICE OF THE ACTUARY: "Population in the Social Security area: Estimated number and percent fully insured, by age and sex, 1998-2002" (US Social Security Administration, Office of the Actuary).

http://www.ssa.gov/OACT/STATS/table4c5.html
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II. Reports and articles:

5. SSA CHARTBOOK: "Income of the Aged Chartbook, 2000" (US Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, 2002, HTML and .pdf format, 29p.). "This chartbook focuses on the receipt and shares of income from Social Security, pensions, assets, earnings, and public assistance. That information demonstrates the role that Social Security plays in the income security of the aged, as well as the important role that other income sources play in providing for a secure retirement."

http://www.ssa.gov/statistics/income_aged/2000/index.html
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6. GAO REPORTS: "Private Pensions: IRS Can Improve the Quality and Usefulness of Compliance Studies," (US General Accounting Office GAO-02-353, April 2002, .pdf format, 37p.).

http://www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-02-353

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports can always be found at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

Search on title or report number
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7. DHHS OIG -- REPORT: "Orange Book 2001-2002," (US Dept. of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General, April 2002, .pdf format, 116p.). Note: "The Orange Book is a compendium of significant unimplemented, non-monetary recommendations for improving departmental operations. The Office of Inspector General (OIG) believes that implementation of these recommendations will benefit the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and its customers through increased operational effectiveness and assurance that governmental resources are controlled by reliable financial management and accounting systems."

http://oig.hhs.gov/publications/orangebook.html

Scroll to "Orange Book PDF" at the bottom of the page.
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8. HUD: "FY 2002 Supernofa: Assisted Living Conversion Program for Eligible Multifamily Projects" (US Department of Housing and Urban Development, March 2002, Microsoft Word and .pdf format). For more information see:

http://www.hud.gov/offices/adm/grants/nofa/grpalcp.cfm
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9. FDA -- TALK PAPER: "FDA Approves Botox To Treat Frown Lines" (US Food and Drug Administration T02-20, Apr. 15, 2002).

http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/ANSWERS/2002/ANS01147.html
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10. UK DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH -- REPORT: "Prescription Cost Analysis: England 2001," (UK Department of Health, April 2002, .pdf and Excel format, 568p.). Note: "Prescription Cost Analysis (PCA) provides details of the number of items and the net ingredient cost of all prescriptions dispensed in the community in England. The prescription items dispensed are listed alphabetically within chemical entity (for drugs) by British National Formulary (BNF) therapeutic class."

http://www.doh.gov.uk/stats/pca2001.htm

Follow the links to the .pdf or Excel format of the report.
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11. _BMJ_ EDITORIAL, EDUCATION AND DEBATE, AND LETTERS:

A. "The medicalisation of old age," by Shah Ebrahim (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 324, No. 7242, April 13, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 861).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/324/7342/861

B. "Between hope and acceptance: the medicalisation of dying," by David Clark (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 324, No. 7242, April 13, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 905-907).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/324/7342/905

C. "Hormone replacement therapy and the breast," by Alastair H. MacLennan, Beverley Lawton, Rodney J. Baber, Michael Baum, and J. M. Dixon (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 324, No. 7242, April 13, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 915).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/324/7342/915/a
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12. _LANCET_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT, COMMENTARY: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

A. "Efficacy of galantamine in probable vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease combined with cerebrovascular disease: a randomised trial," by Timo Erkinjuntti, Alexander Kurz, Serge Gauthier, Roger Bullock, Sean Lilienfeld, and ChandrasekharRao Venkata Damaraju (_Lancet_, Vol. 359, No. 9314, April 13, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p.1283-1290).

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol359/iss9314/abs/llan.359.9314.original_research.20762.1

B. "Effect of nicorandil on coronary events in patients with stable angina: the Impact Of Nicorandil in Angina (IONA) randomised trial," by The IONA Study Group (_Lancet_, Vol. 359, No. 9314, April 13, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p.1269-1275). Note: The Lancet is providing free access to the electronic full-text of this article.

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol359/iss9314/abs/llan.359.9314.original_research.20725.1

C. "Galantamine for vascular dementia: some answers, some questions," by Lon S. Schneider (_Lancet_, Vol. 359, No. 9314, April 13, 2002, .pdf and HTML format).

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol359/iss9314/full/llan.359.9314.editorial_and_review.20747.1

D. "Eradication of a disease: how we cured symptomless prostate cancer," by Ian F. Tannock (_Lancet_, Vol. 359, No. 9314 , April 13, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1341-1342).

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol359/iss9314/abs/llan.359.9314.editorial_and_review.20722.1
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13. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS: Note: Electronic full-text of PNAS articles may be available. Check with your organization's library.

A. "Neuroprotection in cerebral ischemia by neutralization of 3-aminopropanal," by Svetlana Ivanova, Franak Batliwalla, J. Mocco, Szilard Kiss, Judy Huang, William Mack, Alexander Coon, John W. Eaton, Yousef Al-Abed, Peter K. Gregersen, Esther Shohami, E. Sander Connolly, Jr., and Kevin J. Tracey (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 8, April 16, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 5579-5584).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/99/8/5579

B. "Amyloid fibers are water-filled nanotubes," by M. F. Perutz, J. T. Finch, J. Berriman, and A. Lesk (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 8, April 16, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 5591-5595).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/99/8/5591

C. "Aggregation of proteins with expanded glutamine and alanine repeats of the glutamine-rich and asparagine-rich domains of Sup35 and of the amyloid beta -peptide of amyloid plaques," by M. F. Perutz, B. J. Pope, D. Owen, E. E. Wanker, and E. Scherzinger (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 8, April 16, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 5596-5600).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/99/8/5596
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14. _NATURE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: Electronic full-text of Nature articles may be available. Check with your organization's library. "RANKL maintains bone homeostasis through c-Fos-dependent induction of interferon-beta," by Hiroshi Takayanagi, Sunhwa Kim, Koichi Matsuo, Hiroshi Suzuki, Tomohiko Suzuki, Kojiro Sato, Taeko Yokochi, Hiromi Oda, Kozo Nakamura, Nobutaka Ida, Erwin F. Wagner and Tadatsugu Taniguchi (_Nature_, Vol. 416, No. 6882, April 18, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 750-756)

http://www.nature.com/nlink/v416/n6882/abs/416744a0_fs.html
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15. MEDSCAPE -- CONFERENCE COVERAGE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry 15th Annual Meeting," (_Medscape Conference Coverage_, April 2002, HTML format). Note: The AAGP conference took place on Feb. 24-27, 2002 in Orlando, FL. Continuing Medical Education credits may be available.

http://www.medscape.com/viewprogram/1730?srcmp=ms-041202

B. "Urinary Incontinence," by Ronald C. Hamdy (_Southern Medical Journal via Medscape_, Vol. 95, No. 2, 2002, p. 175-176).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/429531?srcmp=ms-041202
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16. _TIME_ ARTICLE: "Ruling from the Grave," by Daniel Kadlec (_Time_, Vol. 159, No. 16, April 22, 2002).

http://www.time.com/time/globalbusiness/article/0,9171,1101020422-230399,00.html
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17. AARP PERIODICAL: Selected articles from the May-June 2002 edition of _My Generation_ are available from the AARP website.

http://www.mygeneration.org/contents.html
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18. ILCUSA--NEWSLETTER: Economics of Aging Newsletter (International Longevity Center-USA, Spring 2002, .pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.ilcusa.org/_lib/pdf/eoa_2002_spring.pdf
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III. Working Papers:

19. NBER:

A. "The Role of Information and Social Interactions in Retirement Plan Decisions: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment," by Esther Duflo and Emmanuel Saez (National Bureau of Economic Research W8885, Apr. 2002, .pdf format, 53p.).

Abstract:

This paper analyzes a randomized experiment to shed light on the role of information and social interactions in employees' decisions to enroll in a Tax Deferred Account (TDA) retirement plan within a large university. The experiment encouraged a random sample of employees in a subset of departments to attend a benefits information fair organized by the university, by promising a monetary reward for attendance. The experiment more than tripled the attendance rate of these treated individuals (relative to controls), and doubled that of untreated individuals within departments where some individuals were treated. TDA enrollment 5 and 11 months after the fair was significantly higher in departments where some individuals were treated than in departments where nobody was treated. However, the effect on TDA enrollment is almost as large for individuals in treated departments who did not receive the encouragement as for those who did. We provide three interpretations, differential treatment effects, social network effects, and motivational reward effects, to account for these results.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W8885

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the page.

B. "Strengthening Employment-Based Pensions in Japan," by Robert L. Clark and Olivia S. Mitchell (National Bureau of Economic Research W8891, Apr. 2002, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

We investigate how the Japanese pension market for funded employment-based pensions is changing and how it might be strengthened in order to better serve one of the most rapidly aging populations in the world. Public and private pensions in Japan are estimated to hold around US$3 trillion, making that system the second largest globally after the United States. However, unfavorable economic developments have cut sharply cut into asset values, and the weak economy is undermining traditional lifetime employment contracts. Recent legislation permitting the establishment of defined contribution plans in Japan may provide new employer-sponsored retirement plan opportunities. We first describe the Japanese pension system at the end of the 20th century and provide an overview and evaluation of the changes in the pension arena emerging from the 2001 legislation. Next we show that important design questions remain to be answered, if Japanese employment-based pensions are to be reformed and modernized. Finally we indicate lessons gleaned from recent changes in US pension plans.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W8891

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the page.
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20. MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH: "Love and Death in Germany. The marital biography and its impact on mortality," by Hilke Brockman and Thomas Klein (WP 2002-15, April 2002, .pdf format, 31p.).

Abstract:

Most studies dealing with the impact of marriage on mortality treat being married as a once-and-for-all status. However, multiple life changes in marital status characterize the modern life course. The purpose of this paper is to analyze how the timing of these changes affect mortality in Germany. Longitudinal data show that the positive effects of getting married accumulate over long periods of time, while the negative effect of divorce and widowhood attenuates after some time. We also find that the effect of any marital status wears out with an individuals age and differs between cohorts, which is partly due to selectivity. Both temporal mechanism and selection processes demonstrate the plasticity of the marital biography and its variable effect on mortality.

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2002-015.pdf
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21. CESifo: "The Willingness to Pay for Mortality Risk Reductions: A Comparison of the United States and Canada," by Anna Alberini, Alan Krupnick, Maureen L. Cropper, Nathalie Simon, and Joseph Cook (CESifo [Center for Economic Studies and the Ifo Institute, Munich, Germany] Working Paper No. 668, February 2002, .pdf format, 32p.).

Abstract:

We present results for two contingent valuation surveys conducted in Hamilton, Canada and the US to elicit WTP for mortality risk reductions. We find similar Value of Statistical Life estimates across the two studies, ranging from USD 930,000 to USD 4.8 million (2000 US dollars). WTP increases with risk reduction size, but varies little with respondent age: individuals aged over 70 years hold WTP values approximately one-third lower than other respondents. Respondent health status has limited effect on WTP. These results provide little or no evidence for adjusting VSL estimates used in policy analyses for the affected population's age or health status.

ftp://129.187.96.124/CESifo_WP/668.pdf

More on CESifo:

http://www.cesifo.de/CESifoPortal
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22. NEW ZEALAND DEPARTMENT OF TREASURY: "The Economics of Population Ageing," by John Stephenson and Grant Scobie (New Zealand Department of Treasury Working Paper 02/05, March 2002, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

Demographic forecasts predict that over the next fifty years the proportion of people in New Zealand over the age of 65 will more than double, from 12 percent in 1999 to 26 percent in 2050. This paper reviews potential economic implications of this demographic change in the following broad categories: Demographic change, Labour Markets, Fiscal Impacts, Capital Markets, and Long-run economic growth effects. A synopsis is made of the key economic and demographic issues relating to each category, and the paper highlights those issues to be prioritised in further research. The paper also questions the existing frameworks and methodologies that have been used to study population ageing. Two issues stand out in this regard. Firstly, there is a tendency to view population ageing as a "static" phenomenon. The economic implications of population ageing are pervasive and complex. Future research may benefit from attention to individual behavioural responses to ageing and into the underlying demographic dynamics of population ageing. Secondly, the future economic impacts of an ageing population are inherently uncertain. Future research could well incorporate methodological approaches that attempt to account for these inherent uncertainties.

http://www.treasury.govt.nz/workingpapers/2002/02-5.asp

Click on "twp02-05.pdf" to access electronic full-text.
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23. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT: "Coping with Population Aging in the Netherlands," by David Carey (OECD Working Paper ECO/WKP(2002)11, March 2002, .pdf and Word format, 45p.).

Abstract:

Population ageing will reduce economic growth and increase the amount of resources that need to be transferred to the elderly, putting pressure on retirement-income- and healthcare insurance systems. The Netherlands is better placed than most OECD countries to meet these pressures because it has a large, funded occupational pension system in place. This advantage will be reinforced if the government adopts the policy that it is considering of pre-funding ageing-related budget outlays, which would entail paying off government debt over the next quarter century. Increasing labour force participation, notably for older persons would also attenuate the economic pressures associated with population ageing. In this regard, it will be important to reduce incentives for economic inactivity, especially by reforming early retirement schemes and disability insurance. Finally, raising productivity growth could also help ease these pressures by facilitating a de-coupling of government expenditure from GDP growth by enlarging the scope to maintain living standards of pensioners without raising contribution rates on workers. Policy reforms to implement these approaches to coping with population ageing will be more important than ever if capital market returns remain below historical rates.

http://www.olis.oecd.org/olis/2002doc.nsf/ca1584dc221bce36c12560b60039c4e4/d7d1e125ea2341e9c1256b74005dc0c4
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24. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]: "Health and Work of the Elderly Subjective Health Measures, Reporting Errors and the Endogenous Relationship between Health and Work," by Maarten Lindeboom and Marcel Kerkhofs (IZA Discussion Paper No. 457, March 2002, .pdf format, 43p.).

Abstract:

This paper aims to explore the interrelation between health and work decisions of elderly workers, taking the various ways in which health and work can influence each other explicitly into account. For this, two issues are of relevance. Self-assessed health measures are usually at hand in empirical analyses and research indicates that these may be endogenous, state dependent, reporting behaviour. Furthermore, even if an objective health measure is used, it is not likely to be strictly exogenous to labour market status or labour income. Health and labour market variables are correlated because of unobserved individual-specific characteristics (e.g., investments in human capital and health capital) Moreover, one's labour market status is expected to have a (reverse) causal effect on health. A solution to the 'Health and Retirement Nexus' requires an integrated model for work decisions, health production and health reporting mechanisms. We formulate such a model and estimate it on a longitudinal data set of Dutch elderly.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp457.pdf

More information on IZA:

http://www.iza.org/
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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

25. Journal of Pension Economics and Finance (Vol. 1, No. 1, 2002).

http://www.pensions-journal.com/
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26. European Journal of Palliative Care (Vol. 9, No. 2, 2002).

http://www.ejpc.co.uk/ejpc/ejpc9no2.htm

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V. Books:

27. RAND: "Wage Growth in the Civilian Careers of Military Retirees," by David Loughran (Rand, April 15, 2002, .pdf format, 60p.).

http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1363/

Click on "Full Text" to view the report.

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VI. Funding Opportunities:

28. NIH:

A. "Aging Intervention Testing Program," (US National Institutes on Health, National Institute on Aging, RFA-AG-02-005, April 9, 2002). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-AG-02-005.html

B. "Innovation Grants for Research on Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, PAR-02-097, April 9, 2002). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-02-097.html
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29. UNIVERISTY OF CHICAGO CENTER FOR POPULATION ECONOMICS: "Call for Applications: Research Grants for Pre-Doctoral Students and Junior Faculty" (2002). For more information see:

http://www.cpe.uchicago.edu/subgrants/subgrants.html
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VII. Conferences:

30. NCHS: "2002 Data Users Conference," a conference to be held July 15-17, 2002 in Washington DC. "The 3-day conference will feature sessions on NCHS data systems and on topics of current interest. This year's meeting will also feature a series of interactive workshops on selected NCHS data sets as well as small group discussion sessions on health topics, data issues, and ways to improve NCHS products and services." For registration and agenda information go to:

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/events/2002duc/invitation.htm
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31. ACADEMY FOR HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH AND HEALTH POLICY: Seminars in Health Services Research Methods, to be held in Washington DC, Jun. 22, 2002, in conjunction with the AHSRHP Annual Research Meeting, Jun. 23-25, 2002. For more information see:

http://www.academyhealth.org/2002/seminars/index.htm
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VIII. Legislation Information Updates:

32. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE HEARING TESTIMONY: "Integrating Prescription Drugs into Medicare," a hearing held Apr. 17, 2002.

Hearing testimony:

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/fullcomm/107cong/fc-18wit.htm
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33. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH HEARING: "Promoting Disease Management in Medicare," a hearing held Apr. 16, 2002

Hearing testimony:

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/health/107cong/hl-15wit.htm
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34. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING--HEARING PUBLICATION: "Straight Shooting on Social Security: The Trade-Offs of Reform," a hearing held December 10, 2001 (US Senate Special Committee on Aging Serial No. 107-347, .pdf and ASCII format, 168p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/senate/senate22sh107.html
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35. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND THE WORKFORCE: "ERISA, the Foundation of Employee Health Coverage," a hearing held June 21, 2001 (US House Committee on Education and the Workforce Serial No. 107-18, .pdf and ASCII format, 92p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house/house06ch107.html
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IX. Websites of Interest:

36. SECOND WORLD ASSEMBLY ON AGEING -- DOCUMENTS: The UN is making available the reports and resolutions from the Assembly in Madrid. All documents are in .pdf format To view the non-frame page go to:

http://www.un.org/ageing/documents.htm

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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