Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #13--December 16, 1999

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Report) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar/caar-index.htm

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Note: The next CAAR report will be issued Wednesday, Dec. 22, 1999.
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I. Data:

1. ADMINISTRATION ON AGING:

A. NAPIS 1997 State and National Program Performance Report Tables: National Aging Program Information System (NAPIS) describes the services provided by Title III and VII of the Older Americans Act. Included are: National Tables; National and State figures on key areas; and State Profile Reports. Tables are available in HTML and Microsoft Excel formats.

http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/napis/97spr/default.htm

B. 1997 National Ombudsman Reporting System Data Tables. Tables are in Microsoft Excel format.

http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/ltcombudsman/97NORS/default.htm
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2. SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION CURRENT OPERATING STATISTICS: The following tables have been updated: 1.B1, 1.B2, 1.B4, 1.B5, 1.B6, 1.B7, 1.C1, 1.C2, 1.C3, 1.C4, 1.C5, 3.A1. All tables are available in .pdf format.

http://www.ssa.gov/statistics/costoc.html
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3. PSID GEOCODE MATCH FILE: University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Panel Study of Income Dynamics has made available 1968-1997 updated Geocode Match File. Note: These files are available only by a special request and confidential data use contract. Contact the email address listed for more information.

http://www.isr.umich.edu/src/psid/suppdata2.html#geo
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4. HRS HTML CODEBOOKS: University of Michigan ISR HRS/AHEAD has released the following codebooks in HTML format: HRS 1998 (Preliminary) HRS Wave 3 (1996) and AHEAD Wave 1 (1993).

http://www.umich.edu/~hrswww/center/codebks.html
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II. Reports and articles

5. CENSUS BUREAU COMPENDIUM: The Census Bureau has released _Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1999_ (.pdf format, 1005p.). This year's edition is highlighted by Section 31, "Twentieth Century Statistics," 36 summary tables that cover "the social, economic, and political organization of the United States. ... Statistics in this section start in 1900 when possible or the earliest year available." Note _SA_ can be downloaded by sections.

http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-us.html
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6. NCHS REPORT: The National Center for Health Statistics has released "United States Life Tables, 1997," (National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 47, No. 28, December 1999, .pdf format, 40p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvs47_28.pdf
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7. PSID NEWSLETTER: PSID has made available the November 1999 issue of _PSID Newsletter_, which contains a short piece on "1991-92 Household Income: A comparison among CPS, HRS/AHEAD, and PSID."

http://www.isr.umich.edu/src/psid/newsletter/news9911.html
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8. _JAMA_ ARTICLE AND EDITORIAL:

A. "Caregiving as a Risk Factor for Mortality: The Caregiver Health Effects Study," by Richard Schulz and Scott R. Beach (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, December 15, 1999; 282:2215-2219, HTML and .pdf formats).

>From the Abstract:

There is strong consensus that caring for an elderly individual with disability is burdensome and stressful to many family members and
contributes to psychiatric morbidity. Researchers have also suggested that the combination of loss, prolonged distress, the physical demands of caregiving, and biological vulnerabilities of older caregivers may compromise their physiological functioning and increase their risk for physical health problems, leading to increased mortality. ... Our study suggests that being a caregiver who is experiencing mental or emotional strain is an independent risk factor for mortality among elderly spousal caregivers. Caregivers who report strain associated with caregiving are more likely to die than noncaregiving controls.

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v282n23/full/joc91040.html

B. "Chronic Stress and Mortality Among Older Adults," by Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser and Ronald Glaser (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, December 15, 1999; 282:2259-2260, HTML and .pdf formats).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v282n23/full/jed90093.html
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9. RAND CORPORATION CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF AGING RESEARCH BRIEF: "Prescription Drugs and the Elderly: Policy Implications of Medicare Coverage" (RB 5028, 1999).

http://www.rand.org/publications/RB/RB5028/rb5028.html
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10. URBAN INSTITUTE REPORT: "A Primer on Privatization," by Joseph J. Cordes and C. Eugene Steuerle (Urban Institute Retirement Project Report No. 3, November 1999, HTML and .pdf formats 24p.).

http://www.urban.org/retirement/reports/3/retire_3.html
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11. _NEJM_ Editorial: "Caring for the Dying -- Congressional Mischief" (_New England Journal of Medicine_ Vol. 341, No. 25, Dec. 16, 1999, p. 1923-1924.). Note: This article may be available in full text to your organization. Check your organization library.

http://www.nejm.org/content/1999/0341/0025/1923.asp
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12. GAO REPORT: "Survey Methodology: An Innovative Technique for Estimating Sensitive Survey Items" (GAO/GGD 00-30, November 1999 .pdf format, 68p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/gg00030.pdf

Note: GAO Internet addresses are valid for only a limited period of time. After that time, documents can be found by searching the Government Printing Office:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

and searching on title or report number.
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13. _Nature_ Science Update: "Lifelines: Feeling old," by Eleanor Lawrence, which links to the _Nature_ article: "Regulation of lifespan by sensory perception in Caenorhabditis elegans," by J. Apfeld and C. Kenyon (_Nature_ 402:804-809, Dec. 16, 1999.). Note: Your organization may have access to full text of this article. Check your organization's library.

http://helix.nature.com/nsu/991216/991216-11.html

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III. Working Papers

14. NBER PAPERS IN AGING: "Predictors of Mortality Among the Elderly," by Michael Hurd, Daniel McFadden, and Angela Merrill, (National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper W7440, December 1999, .pdf format, 29p.).

>From the Abstract:

The objective of this paper is to find the quantitative importance of some predictors of mortality among the population aged 70 or over. The predictors are socio-economic indicators (income, wealth and education), thirteen health indicators including a history of heart attack or cancer, and subjective probabilities of survival. The estimation is based on mortality between waves 1 and 2 of the Asset and Health Dynamics among the Oldest-Old study. We find that the relationship between socio-economic indicators and mortality declines with age, that the 13 health indicators are strong predictors of mortality and that the subjective survival probabilities predict mortality even after controlling for socio-economic indicators and the health conditions.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W7440
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15. PENN STATE POPULATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE: "Self-employment and Wealth Disparities between Black and White Households approaching Retirement," by Roland Daeumer and Mark D. Hayward (Working Paper No. 99-17, December 1999, .pdf format, 39p.).

>From the Abstract:

This article examines the role that self-employment and wage/salary employment play in determining racial disparities in wealth among persons approaching retirement. Findings indicate that black households exclusively linked to the labor market via self-employment are the worst prepared financially for retirement. White self-employed households also suffer from a lack of liquid assets, although they have accumulated the most wealth when housing equity and real assets are taken into consideration. Inheritances do not constitute the principal basis of the wealth advantages they enjoy but do reinforce wealth inequality. The results suggest that choice in terms of retirement timing and labor supply decisions is much more a characteristic of white self-employed persons than of their black counterparts. Self-employed blacks will also heavily depend on Social Security during retirement and on the pension wealth of a wage/salary spouse, if married.

ftp://ftp.pop.psu.edu/papers/psu-pri/wp9917.pdf
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16. RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR QUANTITATIVE STUDIES IN ECONOMICS AND POPULATION (QSEP), McMASTER UNIVERSITY (CANADA):

A. "Economic Costs of Population Aging," by Frank T. Denton and Byron G. Spencer (QSEP Research Report No. 339, December 1998, .pdf format, 63p.).

>From the Abstract:

In just over three decades all those born during the post-war baby boom will be 65 and older, and the fraction of the population 'old' will be far greater than previously experienced in Canada, or indeed in any modern industrial nation. That prospect has given rise to major concerns about our ability as a society to meet the large anticipated additions to health care, pension, and other costs associated with the increase in the older population. However, a balanced view requires that attention be given to all publicly provided services, not only to those services used in large measure by the elderly, and also to privately provided goods and services, since the costs must be charged against the same national income in both cases. Beyond that, it is important to recognize that population change affects not only the demand side of the economy, but also the supply side, the nation's productive capacity. This paper reviews the literature to assess the magnitude of the prospective cost increases associated with the aging of the Canadian population and considers the practical implications for government programs and policies.

http://www.socsci.mcmaster.ca/qsep/p/qsep339.PDF

B. "Population Aging and Its Economic Costs: A Survey of the Issues and Evidence," by Frank T. Denton and Byron G. Spencer (QSEP Research Report No. 340, March 1999, .pdf format, 39p.).

>From the Abstract:

The aging of the population is expected to result in substantial increases in the costs of maintaining health care and pension programs, and that is a source of widespread concern. However, a proper assessment requires that attention be given to all categories of government expenditure, including education and others associated with younger age groups, and not just those associated with the older population. It requires also that privately provided goods and services be considered, since their costs must be charged against the same national income as publicly provided ones. Beyond that, it is important to recognize that population change affects not only the demand side of the economy, but also the supply side -- the economy's productive capacity. An important conclusion is that while other influences will no doubt play a role, demographic effects by themselves are likely to cause government expenditure (all categories, all levels of government combined) to increase by no more than the rate of growth of the population, and by less than the rate of growth of the gross domestic product. Taking public and private costs together, and assigning appropriate weights to different age groups, the overall "dependency ratio" can be expected to remain at its current low level for another decade and a half or two decades, and then to rise as the baby boom generation retires in large numbers. However, the projected future ratio never reaches the levels of the 1950s and 1960s. Although the overall "burden" of population aging is manageable, major adjustments will be required in the coming decades, especially in the area of
federal/provincial cost sharing. For the most part, though, the effects of population aging are predictable, slow, and some time off.

http://www.socsci.mcmaster.ca/qsep/p/qsep340.PDF

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability).

17. _Ageing and Society_ (Vol. 19, No. 5, September 1999). Note: Click on Article titles for abstracts. Your organization may have a licence for full electronic text. Click on "article text" below abstract to see.

http://www.journals.cup.org/owa_dba/owa/volumes?sjid=ASO&svid=19
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18. CARL Uncover Journal Tables of Contents. Follow the instructions below to access tables of contents. CARL Uncover provides fee-based faxed document delivery articles for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://uncweb.carl.org:80/

B. click on "Search Uncover"
C. click on "Search Uncover Now"
D. Type the Journal Name in the search box and click the radio button "Journal Title Browse"
E. click on the journal name
F. click on "journal issues"
G. click on the issues identified below

_Demography_ (Vol. 36, No. 4, Nov. 1999). Note: This journal is available in electronic full text in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of the ProQuest Research Library and of this issue.

_American Journal of Epidemiology_ (Vol. 150, No. 11, December 1999).

_International Journal of Aging and Human Development_ (Vol. 49, No. 1, 1999).

_Journal of Aging and Social Policy_ (Vol. 10, No. 4, 1999).

_Journal of Adult Development_ (Vol. 6, No. 4, October 1999).
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V. Books

19. NAS IOM REPORTS: The National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine has released the following reports:

A. _The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation's Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population_ (Committee on Nutrition Services for Medicare Beneficiaries, December 1999, NAP "Open Book" format, 280p.).

http://www.nap.edu/catalog/9741.html

B. _Extending Medicare Coverage for Preventive and Other Services_," Marilyn J. Field, Robert L. Lawrence, and Lee Zwanziger, Editors (December 1999, NAP "Open Book" format, 325p.).

http://www.nap.edu/catalog/9740.html

C. _Extending Medicare Reimbursement in Clinical Trials_, Henry J. Aaron and Hellen Gelband, Editors (December 1999, .pdf and NAP "Open Book" formats, 84p.).

http://www.nap.edu/catalog/9742.html

Press Release For All Three Reports:

http://www4.nationalacademies.org/news.nsf/isbn/121599?OpenDocument

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VI. Websites of Interest

20. NIH STEM CELL INFORMATION: The National Institutes of Health now maintains a stem cell information page with relevant information about the issue.

http://www.nih.gov/news/stemcell/index.htm
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21. INTERNET INFORMATION NOTES ADDITIONS: The Administration on Aging National Aging Information Center has added three sections to its Internet Information Notes (discussed in CAAR #1) meta-site. They are:

Marketing to Seniors
http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/NAIC/Notes/marketingseniors.html

Pensions and Pension Benefits
http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/NAIC/Notes/pensionbenefits.html

State-wide Aging Service Directories
http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/NAIC/Notes/statedirectories.html

Internet Information Notes
http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/NAIC/Notes/default.htm


Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu