Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #128--March 28, 2002

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. NCHS: The US National Center for Health Statistics has announced the final release of the 2000 National Health Interview Survey. Available for download are a survey description (.pdf format); the data (self decompressing .exe ASCII format); dataset documentation (.pdf format); SAS and SPSS input statements (ASCII format); and survey questionnaires, flashcards, field representative manual, and survey flowchart (.pdf format).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm#2000_NHIS
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2. HRS DATA CORRECTION: "Correction to F987A A3.R EDUCATION - COMBINED: 1998 HRS Core (Final, Version 1.0)" (University of Michigan Institute for Social Research, Health and Retirement Study, Mar. 27, 2002).

http://www.umich.edu/~hrswww/docs/alerts/fpub002.html

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II. Reports and articles:

3. NCHS:

A. "United States Life Tables, 1999," by Robert N. Anderson and Peter B. DeTurk (US National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics Report Vol. 50, No. 6, March 2002, .pdf format, 38p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr50/nvsr50_06.pdf

B. "Summary Health Statistics for the U.S. Population: National Health Interview Survey, 1997," by D.L. Blackwell and L. Tonthat (US National Center for Health Statistics, Series 10, No. 204, March 2002, .pdf format, 92p.).

Abstract:

This report presents data from the 1997 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) by health topics such as health status and limitations of activity, injuries and poisonings, health care access and utilization, and health insurance coverage. Estimates are classified by age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, poverty status, income, education, place of residence, region of residence, and, where appropriate, health insurance coverage. Companion reports present more detailed health measures for children and adults."

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/series/sr10/pre-200/sr10_204.htm

Click on "View/download PDF" for full text.
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4. CMMS REPORT: "2002 Annual Report of the Boards of Trustees of the Hospital Insurance and Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Funds" (US Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services, March 2002, HTML and .pdf format, 155p.). "The Boards of Trustees for Medicare report annually to the Congress on the financial operations and actuarial status of the program. Beginning in 2002, there is one combined report discussing both the _Hospital Insurance program ("Part A" of Medicare)_ and the _Supplementary Medical Insurance program ("Part B")_. The Office of the Actuary in CMS prepares the report under the direction of the Boards. The Boards of Trustees issued their most recent report on March 26, 2002." Note: This page also links to the annual report for 2001.

http://www.hcfa.gov/pubforms/tr/
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5. AOA PROGRAM MILESTONES: "Linking Nutrition and Health: 30 Years of the Older Americans Act Nutrition Programs - Program Milestones: 1954 - 2002" (US Administration on Aging, March 2002). Note: At the time of this mailing, the .pdf formatted version of these milestones was not working.

http://www.aoa.gov/nutrition/oaanp-milestones.html
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6. NARA PRESS RELEASE: "1930 Census Opening April 1, 2002" (US National Archives and Records Administration, March 2002). "On Monday, April 1, 2002, the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) releases the 1930 population census in its research rooms across the country. In the National Archives Building in Washington, DC, and NARA's 13 regional facilities, seasoned researchers and first-timers will scroll through the 2,667 rolls of census schedules, searching for that piece of data that can fill in a family history or provide a clue to further investigation."

http://www.nara.gov/nara/pressrelease/presskit.html
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7. GAO REPORT: "Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996: HHS's Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services Faces Challenges to Fully Implement Certain Key Provisions" (US General Accounting Office GAO-02-307, February 2002, .pdf format, 29p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02307.pdf

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports can always be found at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

Search on title or report number.
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8. DHHS NEWS RELEASE: "HHS, ADA Warn Americans of 'Pre-Diabetes', Encourage People to Take Healthy Steps to Reduce Risks: Updated Statistics Show 17 Million with Diabetes, 16 Million More With Pre-Diabetes" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Mar. 27, 2002).

http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2002pres/20020327.html
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9. AMERICAN HEALTH CARE ASSOCIATION: "New State-By-State Analysis of Nation's Medicare Program" (American Health Care Association, March 2002, .pdf and RealPlayer format). Note: "Unless Congress intervenes this year to extend the add-ons, funding for Medicare beneficiaries needing skilled nursing care will be cut approximately $60 per patient day - a total cut of 17 percent. This is the so-called 'Medicare cliff'".

Press release and tables:

http://www.ahca.org/brief/medicare/medicare_index.htm

More information about the AHCA:

http://www.ahca.org/who/who.htm
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10. NATIONAL CENTER FOR POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: "Tax-Favored Savings Accounts: Who Gains? Who Loses?" by Jagadeesh Gokhale and Laurence J. Kotlikoff (National Center for Policy Analysis Policy Report No. 249, January 2002, HTML and .pdf format, 18p.).

http://www.ncpa.org/pub/st/st249/

Follow the links to each section of the report, or click on "Download this page in PDF format".

More information about the National Center for Policy Analysis:

http://www.ncpa.org/abo/
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11. CONSUMERS UNION/CALIFORNIA HEALTHCARE FOUNDATION REPORT: "Guide to California Medicare HMOs," (California HealthCare Foundation and Consumer Reports, March 2002, .pdf format, 45p.). Note: "If you're thinking of joining a Medicare HMO, this guide can help you choose the plan that is best for you. If you are already enrolled in a Medicare HMO, you can use this guide to find out about other plans in your area that may provide better value."

http://www.calmedicare.org/hmoguide/GuideToCalMedicareHMOs2002English.pdf

More information about the CU/CHF partnership:

http://www.calmedicare.org/index.cfm?section=3&cu=e5
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12. ILCUSA REPORT: "Is there an "Anti-Aging" Medicine?" (Interdisciplinary Workshop Report of the International Longevity Center USA, in conjunction with Canyon Health Resort, Kronos Longevity Research Institute, and Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons Center for the Study of Society and Medicine, from the 5th Canyon Ranch-ILC Scientific Workshop held at Canyon Ranch, Tucson Arizona, February 2002, .pdf format, 23p.).

News release (.pdf format, 2p.):

http://www.ilcusa.org/_lib/pdf/pr20020201.pdf

Workshop report:

http://www.ilcusa.org/_lib/pdf/pr20011101.pdf
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13. _SCIENCE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Brain to Plasma Amyloid-Beta Efflux: a Measure of Brain Amyloid Burden in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease," by Ronald B. DeMattos, Kelly R. Bales, David J. Cummins, Steven M. Paul, and David M. Holtzman (_Science_, Vol. 295, No. 5563, Mar. 22, 2002, p. 2264-2267).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/295/5563/2264
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14. _JAMA_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS, EDITORIAL:

A. "Intravenous Nesiritide vs Nitroglycerin for Treatment of Decompensated Congestive Heart Failure: A Randomized Controlled Trial," by James B. Young, et. al. (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 287, No. 12, Mar. 27, 2002, p. 1531-1540).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v287n12/abs/joc11168.html

B. "Short-term Intravenous Milrinone for Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Heart Failure," by Michael S. Cuffe, Robert M. Califf, Kirkwood F. Adams, Raymond Benza, Robert Bourge, Wilson S. Colucci, Barry M. Massie, Christopher M. O'Connor, Ileana Pina, Rebecca Quigg, Marc A. Silver, and Mihai Gheorghiade (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 287, No. 12, Mar. 27, 2002, p. 1541-1547).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v287n12/abs/joc11563.html

C. "Treatment of Acute Heart Failure: Out With the Old, In With the New," by Philip A. Poole-Wilson (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Editorial, Vol. 287, No. 12, Mar. 27, 2002, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1578-1580).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v287n12/ffull/jed20015.html
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15. _NEJM_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Estrogen-Receptor Polymorphisms and Effects of Estrogen Replacement on High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Women with Coronary Disease," by David M. Herrington, Timothy D. Howard, Gregory A. Hawkins, David M. Reboussin, Jianfeng Xu, Siqun L. Zheng, K. Bridget Brosnihan, Deborah A. Meyers, and Eugene R. Bleecker (_New England Journal of Medicine_, Vol. 346, No. 13, Mar. 28, 2002, p. 967-974).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/short/346/13/967?query=TOC
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16. _NEWSWEEK_ ARTICLES:

A. "The New Rules of Retirement: The party was fun. But reality has set in, and we're revising plans for our golden years. Time for some new old math," by Allan Sloan (_Newsweek_, Apr. 1, 2002).

http://www.msnbc.com/news/728121.asp

B. "You Bet Your Life: Don't try drawing to an inside straight in the poker game called life. No matter what your age is, you need to have a retirement strategy now," by Jane Bryant Quinn (_Newsweek_, Apr. 1, 2002).

http://www.msnbc.com/news/728123.asp

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III. Working Papers:

17. FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD: "401(k)s and Household Saving: New Evidence from the Survey of Consumer Finances," by Karen M. Pence (Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2002-6, December 2001, .pdf and PostScript format, 40p.).

Abstract:

Although households have invested billions in 401(k) accounts, these balances may not be new saving if workers invest money that they would have saved in the program's absence. In this paper, I assess the effect of the 401(k) program on saving by comparing changes in the wealth of 401(k) eligible and ineligible households over the 1989-1998 period using data from the Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF). This comparison may yield misleading estimates of the effect of 401(k)s on saving if eligible households have a higher taste for saving than ineligible households, or if they begin the 1989-1998 period with greater amounts of wealth. I adjust for these potential biases by constructing subjective measures of saving taste from questions on the SCF, and by transforming the wealth measure with the inverse hyperbolic sine. Incorporating these adjustments suggests that 401(k)s have little to no effect on saving.

http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2002/200206/200206abs.html

Click on PDF or PostScript at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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18. NBER: "The Measure of Man and Older Age Mortality: Evidence from the Gould Sample," by Dora L. Costa (National Bureau of Economic Research W8843, March 2002, .pdf format, 34p.).

Abstract:

This paper documents differences in body size between white, black, and Indian mid-nineteenth century American men and investigates the socioeconomic and demographic determinants of frame size using a unique data set of Civil War soldiers. It finds that over time men have grown taller and heavier and have relatively less abdominal fat. Abdominal fat in young adulthood was an excellent predictor of older age mortality from ischemic heart disease or stroke. Changes in frame size explain roughly three-fifths of the mortality decline among white men between 1915 and 1988 and predict even sharper declines in older age mortality between 1988 and 2022.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W8843

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the page for full text.
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19. PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL, WHARTON SCHOOL [UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA]: "Guaranteeing Defined Contribution Pensions: The Option to Buy Back a Defined Benefit Promise," by Marie-Eve Lachance and Olivia S. Mitchell (WP 2002-5, 2002, .pdf format, 24p.).

Abstract:

After a long commitment to defined benefit (DB) pension plans for US public sector employees, many state legislatures have introduced defined contribution (DC) plans for their public employees. In this process, investment risk which was previously borne by state DB plans has now devolved to employees covered by the new DC plans. In light of this trend, some states have introduced a guarantee mechanism to help protect DC plan participants. One such guarantee takes the form of an option permitting DC plan participants to buy back their DB benefit for a price. This paper develops a theoretical framework to analyze the option design and illustrate how employee characteristics influence the options cost. We illustrate the potential magnitude of a buy-back option value enacted recently by the State of Florida for its public employees. If employees were to exercise the buy-back option optimally, the market value of this option could represent up to 100 percent of the DC contributions over the worklife.

http://prc.wharton.upenn.edu/prc/PRC/WP/WP2002-5.pdf
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20. TINBERGEN INSTITUTE, ERASMUS UNIVERSITEIT [AMSTERDAN, NETHERLANDS]:

A. "The Sustainability of the Pay-as-you-go System with Falling Birth Rates," by Bernard M.S. van Praag and Pedro Cardoso (Discussion Paper No. 02-021/3, 2002, .pdf format, 27p.).

Abstract:

A model is presented that explains the mix between funded and unfunded pension systems. It turns out that total pension and the relative shares of the two systems may be explained and are determined by the population growth rate, technological growth, the time-preference discount rate, the relative risk aversion, the production function, and the degree of altruism. A fall in the population growth rate, even to negative values, will imply a reduction of the interest rate and an increase in the capital-output ratio, while the pension system will shift to more funding. A fall in the population growth rate will result in a reduction of average welfare and an increase in the income inequality between workers and retired people/individuals.

http://www.tinbergen.nl/scripts/papers.pl?paper=02021.rdf

Click on "PDF File" at the bottom of the page for full text.

B. "Age-differentiated QALI Losses," by Bernard M.S. van Praag and Ada Ferrer-i-Carbonell (Discussion Paper No. 02-015/3, 2002, .pdf format, 23p.).

Abstract:

In this paper we evaluate the QALY loss, which may be assigned to the prevalence of specific chronic illnesses and physical handicaps. The analysis is based on an individual self-rating health satisfaction question asked in the British Household Panel Survey data set. This question provides a natural cardinalization of health utility. Our method is a refinement of the method introduced by Cutler and Richardson (1997). We extend their approach in two directions. First, the health utility loss caused by a specific illness is allowed to have a different impact on individuals depending on their age. The empirical analysis shows that there are indeed significant age effects. The second extension deals with the cardinalization procedure chosen by Cutler and Richardson. They implicitly assume a linear effect of underlying explanatory variables on the evaluation of health. Instead, we suggest a more natural cardinalization, which does not exclude non-linearities.

http://www.tinbergen.nl/scripts/papers.pl?paper=02015.rdf

Click on "PDF File" at the bottom of the page for full text.
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21. LUND UNIVERSITY [SWEDEN] DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS: "Age diffusion never stops? Carotid endarterectomy among the elderly," by Paul Nystedt and Carl Hampus Lyttkens (Working Paper 2002:7, February 2002, .pdf format, 19p.).

Abstract:

In view of the rising proportion of elderly in the population, diffusion of medical technologies to the elderly is a particularly interesting phenomenon, with respect to both quality of life and health care costs. Using data on all carotid endarterectomies (CEAs) performed in Sweden, we explore the pattern of age diffusion 1982-1999. The overall rates of CEA are considerably lower in Sweden than in the US and Canada, possibly reflecting the different reimbursement systems. At the same time, the responses from the health-care sectors in the three countries to the scientific literature seem to have been qualitatively very similar. Prominent age diffusion - a relative shift of procedure rates towards elderly patients - is demonstrated for the whole period, both when overall treatment rates are increasing, when they are declining, and when they remain relatively constant. Furthermore, in Sweden (contrary to what was the case North America) there was not just a relative shift, but treatment rates actually increased among the 75+ when overall rates were declining, perhaps indicating a previous resource constraint on extending treatment to this age group. There are differences in levels of treatment rates between men and women but the pattern of age diffusion appears strikingly gender-neutral.

http://www.nek.lu.se/publications/workpap/Papers/WP02_7.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

22. The Gerontologist (Vol. 42, No. 2, April 2002). Note 1: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available at the site. Check your organization's library. Note 2: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.

http://gerontologist.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol42/issue2/index.shtml

23. Journals of Gerontology: Biological and Medical Sciences (A) (Vols. 57A, Nos. 4, April 2002). Note 1: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available at the site. Check your organization's library. Note 2: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and these issues.

http://biomed.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol57/issue3/index.shtml
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24. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Medical Care Research and Review (Vol. 59, No. 1, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.
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25. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Mar. 26, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Mar. 26, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Mar. 26, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Legislation Information Updates:

26. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "Broken and Unsustainable: The Cost of Long-Term Care for Baby Boomers," a hearing held Mar. 21, 2002.

Hearing Testimony:

http://aging.senate.gov/hr80.htm
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27. US SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATION: "Alzheimer's Disease, Fiscal Year 2002," a hearing held Apr. 3, 2001 (Senate Hearing Publication 107-293, ASCII text and .pdf format, 44p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/senate/senate03sh107.html

Scroll to or "find in page" "107-293" (without the quotes).

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu