Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #125--March 7, 2002

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. MEPS HC-031, 1999 Full Year Population Characteristics File (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, February 2002, ASCII and SAS Transport format, with SAS programming statements [ASCII format], and technical documentation [.pdf format])."This file consists of MEPS survey data obtained in Rounds 2, 3, 4, and 5 of Panel 3 and Rounds 1, 2, and 3 of Panel 4 (i.e., the rounds for the MEPS panels covering calendar year 1999) and contains variables pertaining to survey administration, demographics, employment, health status, health insurance and person-level medical care use counts. The 1999 Full-Year expenditure and income data will be forthcoming."

http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/Data_Pub/HC_FYData99.htm#hc031
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2. HRS: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Health and Retirement Study (HRS) / Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) website has announced "Codebook Correction: Code Text for F746 (1998 HRS Core (Final, Version 1.0))." (Feb. 28, 2002). For more information see:

http://www.umich.edu/~hrswww/docs/alerts/fpub001.html
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3. NIH: "NIH Draft Statement on Sharing Research Data," (US National Institutes of Health, NOT-OD-02-035, March 1, 2002). "NIH is developing a new statement on sharing research data that will expect and support the timely release and sharing of final research data from NIH-supported studies for use by other researchers. Investigators submitting an NIH application will be required to include a plan for data sharing or to state why data sharing is not possible. This is an extension of NIH policy on sharing research resources. NIH invites comments on this draft statement.... Comments must be received no later than June 1, 2002."

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/data_sharing/index.htm
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II. Reports and articles:

4. CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES:

A. "President's Medicare Prescription Drug Card Assistance Initiative," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, March 1, 2002, .pdf format). Note: "The Administration has announced a proposed regulation for public comment that would establish an education and assistance initiative through the President's Medicare Prescription Drug Card Initiative to help Medicare beneficiaries buy their prescription drugs at lower costs. This initiative is not a Medicare drug benefit."

http://cms.hhs.gov/discountdrugs/

B. "2003 Medicare+Choice Payment Rates," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, March 1, 2002, HTML, .pdf and comma-delimited format). Note: "In accordance with section 1853(b)(2) of the Social Security Act (the Act), we are notifying you of the annual Medicare+Choice capitation rate for each Medicare+Choice payment area for 2003, and the risk and other factors to be used in adjusting such rates."

http://www.hcfa.gov/stats/hmorates/aapccpg.htm#2003rates
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5. DHHS OIG OIE--REPORTS: Note: "The OIG has released a final report (along with two supplemental reports) that assesses how State agencies and accreditors oversee ambulatory surgical centers (ASCs) and how CMS holds them accountable."

A. "Oversight of Ambulatory Surgery Centers: A System in Neglect," (US Department of Health and Human Service, Office of Inspector General, Office of Evaluation and Inspections, OEI-01-00-00450, February 2002, .pdf format, 38p.).

http://oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-01-00-00450.pdf

B. "Quality Oversight of Ambulatory Surgical Centers: The Role of Certification and Accreditation--Supplemental Report #1," (US Department of Health and Human Service, Office of Inspector General, Office of Evaluation and Inspections, OEI-01-00-00451, February 2002, .pdf format, 34p.).

http://oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-01-00-00451.pdf

C. "Quality Oversight of Ambulatory Surgical Centers: Holding State Agencies and Accreditors Accountable -- Supplemental Report #2,"(US Department of Health and Human Service, Office of Inspector General, Office of Evaluation and Inspections, OEI-01-00-00451, February 2002, .pdf format, 23p.).

http://oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-01-00-00452.pdf
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6. GAO--REPORTS:

A. "Medicare: Communications with Physicians Can Be Improved," (US Government Accounting Office, GAO-02-249, February 27,2002, .pdf format, 38p.).

http://www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-02-249

Note: this is a temporary address. GAO reports can always be found at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

Search on title or report number.

B. "Nursing Homes: More Can Be Done to Protect Residents from Abuse," (US Government Accounting Office, GAO-02-312, March 1, 2002, .pdf format, 45p.). Note: This report was presented at a March 4, 2002 hearing of the US Senate Special Committee on Aging (see item number 31 in this report).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02312.pdf

Note: this is a temporary address. GAO reports can always be found at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

Search on title or report number.
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7. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS: Note: Electronic full-text of PNAS articles may be available. Check with your organization's library.

A. "High-quality life extension by the enzyme peptide methionine sulfoxide reductase," by Hongyu Ruan, Xiang Dong Tang, M.-L. Chen, M. A. Joiner, Guangrong Sun, Nathan Brot, Herbert Weissbach, Stephen H. Heinemann, Linda Iverson, Chun-Fang Wu, and Toshinori Hoshi (_Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 5, March 5, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2748-2753).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/99/5/2748

B. "Rationally designed mutations convert de novo amyloid-like fibrils into monomeric beta -sheet proteins," by Weixun Wang and Michael H. Hecht (_Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 5, March 5, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2760-2765).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/99/5/2760

C. "PATE, a gene expressed in prostate cancer, normal prostate, and testis, identified by a functional genomic approach," by Tapan K. Bera, Rangan Maitra, Carlo Iavarone, Giuliana Salvatore, Vasantha Kumar, James J. Vincent, B. K. Sathyanarayana, Paul Duray, B. K. Lee, and Ira Pastan (_Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 5, March 5, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 3058-3063).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/99/5/3058
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8. _JAMA_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT, LETTER:

A. "Retinal Arteriolar Narrowing and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Men and Women: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study," by Tien Yin Wong, Ronald Klein, A. Richey Sharrett, Bruce B. Duncan, David J. Couper, James M. Tielsch, Barbara E. K. Klein, and Larry D. Hubbard (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 287, No. 9, March 6, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1153-1159).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/current/abs/jpc20002.html

B. "Identifying Fracture Risk in Postmenopausal Women," by Dennis Black, Rachel B. Wagman, Philip S. Mehler, and Ethel S. Siris (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Letter, Vol. 287, No. 9, March 6, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1109-1110).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/current/ffull/jlt0306-1.html
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9. _BMJ_ LETTERS:

A. "Dementia is being avoided in NHS and social care," by Alastair Macdonald and Tom Dening (_British Medical Journal, Vol. 324, No. 7336, March 2, 2002, HTML format, p. 548).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/324/7336/548/a

B. "Demand for prostate specific antigen testing in primary care," by Keith Hopcroft and Gurmukh Singh Kalsi (_British Medical Journal, Vol. 324, No. 7336, March 2, 2002, HTML format, p. 547).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/324/7336/547
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10. _LANCET_ CORRESPONDENCE: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

A. "Hormone therapy and heart disease," by John C. Stevenson (_Lancet_, Vol. 359, No. 9308, March 2, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 795).

HTML:
http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol/iss/full/llan.359.9308.correspondence.20190.1

PDF:
http://pdf.thelancet.com/pdfdownload?uid=llan.359.9308.correspondence.20190.1&x=x.pdf

B. "Hypertension in Japanese old-old," by H. K. Ho, K. Matusbayashi, F. S. Lim, S. Sahadevan, T. Kita, K. Saijoh (_Lancet_, Vol. 359, No. 9308, March 2, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 804).

HTML:
http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol/iss/full/llan.359.9308.correspondence.20213.1

PDF:
http://pdf.thelancet.com/pdfdownload?uid=llan.359.9308.correspondence.20213.1&x=x.pdf
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11. _MEDSCAPE_: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles

A. "Treatment of Hypertension in the Elderly," by William J. Elliott and Henry R. Black (_American Journal of Geriatric Cardiology via Medscape_, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2002, p. 11-21).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/423503

B. "Results of Antihypertensive Treatment Trials in the Elderly," by Gastone Leonetti and Alberto Zanchetti (_American Journal of Geriatric Cardiology via Medscape_, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2002, p. 41-47, 57).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/423504
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12. NBER--CONFERENCE REPORT: "Disability Decline," (National Institute on Aging-National Bureau of Economic Research Workshop Summary, November 2001, .pdf format, 12p.). Note: You can access the workshop summary via the CAAR Conference Report web page at:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/seminars/reports.html

Click on "Disability Decline" to access the report.
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13. NIA NEWS: ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE RESEARCH UPDATE: "Folic Acid Possibly a Key Factor in Alzheimer's Disease Prevention -- March 1, 2002" (US National Institute on Aging, Jan. 14, 2002).

http://www.alzheimers.org/nianews/nianews45.html

Other Alzheimer's Disease Research Updates from NIA:

http://www.alzheimers.org/nianews/nianews.html
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14. HHS PRESS RELEASE: "Secretary Thompson Hails 30th Anniversary of the Older Americans Act Nutrition Program," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Mar. 1, 2002).

http://www.aoa.gov/pressroom/Pr2002/nutrition030102.html

Note: The press release contains a table that shows "each state's fiscal year 2002 allocation to support OAA nutrition programs, including both congregate and home-delivered meals."
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15. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGING--PRESS RELEASE: "Flu Campaign Targets Fit Healthy Older Australians," (Australian Department of Health and Aging, Feb. 27, 2002).

http://www.health.gov.au/mediarel/yr2002/kp/kp02007.htm
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16. FORBES: "Aliens Under Attack," by Brigid McMenanim (_Forbes_, March 18, 2002).

http://www.forbes.com/forbes/2002/0318/184.html
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17. US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT:

A. "The Do or Die Decade," by Susan Brink (_U.S. News & World Report_, March 11, 2002).

http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/020311/health/11men.htm

B. "Race and Gender," by Susan Brink (_U.S. News & World Report_, March 11, 2002).

http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/020311/health/11men.b.htm
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III. Working Papers:

18. NBER:

A. "Longevity and Life Cycle Savings," by David E. Bloom, David Canning, and Bryan Graham (National Bureau of Economic Research W8808, February 2002, .pdf format, 52p.).

Abstract:

We add health and longevity to a standard model of life cycle saving and show that, under plausible assumptions, increases in longevity lead to higher savings rates at every age, even when retirement is endogenous. In a stable population these higher savings rates are offset by increased old age dependency, but during the disequilibrium phase, when longevity is rising, the effect on aggregate savings rates can be substantial. Our results explain the boom in savings in East Asia during 1950-90 as a combination of rising life expectancy and falling youth dependency, though they predict that savings in the region will return to more normal levels as populations age. We also find that falling life expectancies in Africa are associated with declining savings rates.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W8808

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

B. "Health Insurance, Labor Supply, and Job Mobility: A Critical Review of the Literature," by Jonathan Gruber and Brigitte C. Madrian (National Bureau of Economic Research W8817, February 2002, .pdf format, 58p.).

Abstract:

This paper provides a critical review of the empirical literature on the relationship between health insurance, labor supply, and job mobility. We review over 50 papers on this topic, almost exclusively written in the last 10 years. We reach five conclusions. First, there is clear and unambiguous evidence that health insurance is a central determinant of retirement decisions. Second, there is fairly clear evidence that health insurance is not a major determinant of the labor supply and welfare exit decisions of low income mothers. Third, there is fairly compelling evidence that health insurance is an important factor in the labor supply decisions of secondary earners. Fourth, while there is some division in the literature, the most convincing evidence suggests that health insurance plays an important role in job mobility decisions. Finally, there is virtually no evidence in the literature on the welfare implications of these results. We present some rudimentary calculations which suggest that the welfare costs of job lock are likely to be modest. Our general conclusion is that health insurance has important effects on both labor force participation and job choice, but that it is not clear whether or not these effects results in large losses of either welfare or efficiency.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W8817

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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19. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, POPULATION STUDIES CENTER: "Domestic Servants Assisting the Elderly in Singapore: Current Situation and Future Research Recommendations," by Teresa R. Sobieszczyk (University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, Elderly in Asia Report 02-59, March 2002, 30p.).

Abstract:

In Singapore, as in several other countries in East and Southeast Asia, family members, especially women, have traditionally provided a good deal of the care and assistance for elderly family members at home. Singapore's rapidly aging population, together with high levels of female labor force participation, are creating a situation in which many families face increasing difficulties in balancing work in the formal labor force with household chores and providing care for both young and elderly dependents. Employing foreign domestic servants is one option available for meeting the care and housekeeping needs of the elderly. Using data from the 1995 National Survey of Senior Citizens in Singapore, this paper explores the use of maids by households in Singapore that have one or more elderly members and the use of maids as principal caregivers for the elderly. It concludes with recommendations for future research. Dataset(s) used: National Survey of Senior Citizens: Singapore, 1995.

http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/papers/ea02-59.pdf
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20. POPULATION COUNCIL, POLICY RESEARCH DIVISION:

A. "How long do we live?" by John Bongaarts and Griffith Feeney (Population Council, Policy Research Division Working Paper No. 156, 2002, .pdf format, 21p.). Both the Abstract and the full-text paper can be found at:

http://www.popcouncil.org/publications/wp/prd/156.html

Click on "Download the full Working Paper in PDF format" to get to the full-text.

B. "Changes in functional limitations and survival among the elderly in Taiwan: 1993, 1996, and 1999," by Zachary Zimmer, Linda G. Martin and Ming-Cheng Chang (Population Council, Policy Research Division Working Paper No. 155, 2002, .pdf format, 22p.). Both the Abstract and the full-text paper can be found at:

http://www.popcouncil.org/publications/wp/prd/155.html

Click on "Download the full Working Paper in PDF format" to get to the full-text.
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21. UNIVERSITY OF AMSTERDAM, TINBERGEN INSTITUTE: "The Sustainability of the Pay-as-you-go System with Falling Birth Rates," by Bernard M.S. van Praag and Pedro Cardoso (University of Amsterdam, Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 2002-021/3, 2002, .pdf format, 29p.).

Abstract:

A model is presented that explains the mix between funded and unfunded pension systems. It turns out that total pension and the relative shares of the two systems may be explained and are determined by the population growth rate, technological growth, the time-preference discount rate, the relative risk aversion, the production function, and the degree of altruism. A fall in the population growth rate, even to negative values, will imply a reduction of the interest rate and an increase in the capital-output ratio, while the pension system will shift to more funding. A fall in the population growth rate will result in a reduction of average welfare and an increase in the income inequality between workers and retired people/individuals.

http://www.tinbergen.nl/scripts/papers.pl?paper=02021.rdf

Note: Click on "PDF file" at the end of the abstract.
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22. UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, INSTITUTE OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RESEARCH: "On the Optimality of PAYG Pension Systems in an Endogenous Fertility Setting," by G. Abio, G. Mahieu and C. Patxot (Universite Catholique De Louvain, Institute of Economic and Social Research Discussion Paper 2002-6, Feb. 18, 2002, .pdf format, 35p.)

Abstract:

In order to help in designing an accurate pension reform, we determine the optimal resource allocation in an endogenous fertility model generating a demographic transition. Extending Samuelson's (1975) work in such a setting, we analyze the problem of the interiority of the optimal solution and discuss the serendipity theorem. We then characterize the decentralization of the first best, showing that a pension policy linking pension benefits to the number of children constitutes an optimal social security program able to restore both the optimal capital stock and the optimal rate of population growth as a unique instrument. We also show that neither a Beveridgean pension scheme nor a Bismarckian one can decentralize the first best.

http://www.ires.ucl.ac.be/DP/IRES_DP/2002-6.pdf
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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

23. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 155, No. 6, Mar. 15, 2002). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol155/issue6/index.shtml
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24. Journal of Aging Studies (Vol. 16, No. 1, Feb. 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.
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25. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Gerontologist (Vol. 42, No. 1, Feb. 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

http://gerontologist.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol42/issue1/

Journal of Adult Development (Vol. 9, No. 1, 2002).

Journal of the American Geriatics Society (Vol. 50, No. 2, 2002).
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26. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of March 5, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of March 5, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of March 5, 2002:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Funding Opportunities:

27. AOA: "FY 2002 Alzheimer's Disease Demonstration Grants to States: Program Announcement and Instructions for Preparing Grant Applications," (US Department of Health and Human Service, Administration on Aging, Program Announcement No. AoA-02-02, March 2002, HTML and .pdf format). Note: This page includes a copy of the program announcement appearing in the Federal Register, links to the forms needed by applicants (either hardcopy or electronic submissions will be accepted), and instructions for completing the application. The application deadline is April 24, 2002.

http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/t4/ADdemos-fy2002/default.htm
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VI. Conferences:

28. AARP: "Life @ 50+: A Celebration of You," a conference to be held Sept. 12-14, 2002 in San Diego, CA. For information abut the conference agenda, as well as information about registration, go to:

http://www.aarp.org/events/
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29. MINNESOTA VITAL AGING NETWORK: "The Vital Aging Summit" will be held March 26, 2002. The Summit will be held at the Earle Brown Continuing Education Center St. Paul campus, University of Minnesota. For more information about the Summit, as well as registration information, go to:

http://www.van.umn.edu/registration.html
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VII. Legislation Information Updates:

30. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH HEARING TESTIMONY: "Physician Payments," a hearing held Feb. 28, 2002 (US House Ways and Means Committee, Subcommittee on Health Hearing, HTML format).

Hearing testimony:

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/health/107cong/hl-12wit.htm
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31. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING: "Safeguarding Our Seniors: Protecting the Elderly from Physical and Sexual Abuse in Nursing Homes," a hearing held March 4, 2002 (US Senate Special Committee on Aging, HTML and .pdf format). In addition to witness statements, there is also a link to a GAO Report (see item 6B of this report).

http://www.senate.gov/~aging/hr78.htm
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32. US SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING -- PUBLICATIONS: The US Senate Special Committee on Aging has released 15 hearing publications from the 107th Congress hearings. While none of the publications are available electronically from the site, all publications are free of charge, and an interactive order form is available.

http://aging.senate.gov/pubs.htm

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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